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for A L^ V A N C E D S T U L^) Y 



2002 - 2003 



Institute for Advanced Study 
Princeton. New Jersey 08540 





2002 - 2003 


PRINCETON ■ NEW JERSEY • 08540-0631 


609-924-8399 (Fax) 


Extract from the letter addressed by the Institute's Founders, Louis Bamberger 
and Mrs. FeUx Fuld, to the Board of Trustees, dated June 4, 1930. 

Newark, New Jersey. 

h is fundamental in our purpose, and our express desire, that 
in the appointments to the staff and faculty, as well as in the 
admission of workers and students, no account shall be taken, 
directly or indirectly, of race, religion, or sex. We feel strongly 
that the spirit characteristic of America at its noblest, above all 
the pursuit of higher learning, cannot admit of any conditions 
as to personnel other than those designed to promote the objects 
for which this institution is established, and particularly with 
no regard whatever to accidents of race, creed, or sex. 


















The Institute for Advanced Study was founded in 1930 with a major gift from New 
Jersey businessman and philanthropist Louis Bamberger and his sister, CaroUne 
Bamberger Fuld, who wished to use their fortunes to make a significant and lasting 
contribution to society. They sought the advice of educator Abraham Flexner, who 
developed the concept of the Institute as a community of scholars whose primary 
purpose would be the pursuit of advanced learning and scholarly exploration. The 
Institute for Advanced Study has sustained its founding principle for over seventy 
years. This commitment has yielded an unsurpassed record of definitive scholarship. 

The Institute fills a unique role in postgraduate education and scientific and schol- 
arly research. As "the university to universities," in the words of Trustee Vartan 
Gregorian, the Institute serves all colleges and universities by providing a place 
where scholars can hone their skills and do their best work, thereby adding substan- 
tially to their ability to contribute as both teachers and scholars to the academic 
institutions where they base their careers. For young scholars just entering the aca- 
demic world, an opportunity to work at the Institute can set the direction for life- 
long research interests and thereby determine professional careers. The Institute 
provides more mature scholars with the opportunity to take a new direction in their 
research or to complete a major piece of work away from the many obligations and 
distractions of working life at a contemporary university. In our era, a time when 
pure research and scholarly activities are undervalued, these opportunities are 
exceedingly rare. 

The Institute's foremost objective is the advancement of knowledge and the deepen- 
ing of understanding across a broad range of the humanities, sciences, and social sci- 
ences. One of the Institute's unique strengths is its small and distinguished perma- 
nent Faculty, well-established scholars whose broad interests and extensive ties to the 
larger academic world are reflected in their own work and also in the guidance and 
direction they provide to the Institute's visiting Members. The Faculty defines the 
major themes and questions which become the focus of each School's seminars and 
other activities, and the Faculty selects and works closely with visiting Members. 
Small in number and organized in four Schools (Historical Studies, Mathematics, 
Natural Sciences, and Social Science), the Faculty and Members can interact with 
one another without the departmental and disciplinary harriers Kiund in universities. 

Each year the Institute awards fellowships to some 190 visiting Members from univer- 
sities and research institutions throughout the world. The Institute's 5,000 former 
Members hold positions of intellectual and scientific leadership in the United States 
and abroad. More than a dozen Nobel laureates have been Institute Faculty or Mem- 
bers, and many more are winners of the Wolf or MacArthur prizes. Thirty-one out of 
forty-three Fields Medalists have been Institute Faculty or Members. 

The Institute does not receive income from tuition or fees. Resources for operations 
come from endowment income, grants from private foundations and government 
agencies, and gifts from corporations and individuals. 


t seemed to me that the time was ripe for the creation in 
America of an institute in the field of general scholarship 
and science ... not a graduate school, training men in the 
knoum and to some extent in methods of research, but an institute 
where everyone — faculty and members — took for granted what 
was known and published, and in their individual ways 
endeavored to advance the frontiers of knowledge ." 

— Abraham Flexncr, Founding Director (1930-39) of the 

Institute, Memorandum to the Board of Trustees of the 

Institute for Advanced Study, September 26, 1931 

Fuld Hall 





Board and Corporate Officers 

Chairman of the Board 


Chtiinnaii oj the Executive Committee 

Vice Chairrnan of the Board 

President of the Corporarion 

(deceased A{ml 6, 200i) 

Vice Chairman of the Board 

Treasurer of the Corporation 

Secretary of the Corporation 

The Board of Trustees 


Unit'ersit}! Professor 

Department of Mathematics , University of Toronto 

Toronto, Canada 


President and CEO, ECRM Incorporated 

Tewksbury, Massachusetts 


President, Federative Republic of Brazil 

Brasilia, Brazil 


President, CH Capital Corporation 

Princeton, New Jersey 


President and Director, Natiorud Humanities Center 

Research Triangle Park, North Carolirm 


Vice Chairman, Goldman Sachs /ntemarional 

London, England 


President, Carnegie Corporation of New York 

New York, New York 


Director, Institute for Advanced Study 

Princeton, New Jersey 

Chief Executive Officer, Dow] ones & Company, Incorporated 

New Yiyrk, New York 


Senior Partner and Chairman of the Executive Committee 

Cahill Gordon & Reindel 

New York, New York 


Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute, Incorporated 

New York, New York 


Vice Chairman and Chief Investment Officer 


New York, New York 

Odyssey Partr^rs, L.P. 

New York, New York 
(deceased April 6, 2003) 


Chairman arui Chief Executive, The Bank of East Asia, Limited 

Hong Kong, China 

Publisher, Princeton Alumni Weekly 

Princeton, New]ersey 


Managing Partner, August Capital 

Menlo Park, California 


Senior Director, Goldrrum Sachs & Company 

New York, New York 


Co-President, Intellectual Ventures 

Bellevue, Was/iington 


Chief Executive Officer, Instinct Group Incorporated 

New York, New York 


E.veauiiv Vice President and Managing Director 

Allen & C()m/xm\ 

New York, New York 


Royal Society Research Professor 

Irxstitute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge 

Cambridge, England 


Chief Executive Officer, Zurich Financial Services 

Zurich, Switzerland 

Frankfurt, Germans 


President, Renaissance Technologies Corporation 

New York, New York 


President and CEO, /ntentionai Software Corporation 

Belleifue, Washington 

New York, New York 


President, Omicron Investments, Incorporated 

Washington, District of Columbia 


Professor, Business Administration and Public Policy 

University of Michigan 

Ann Arbor, Michigan 


President, The World Bank 

Washington, District of Columbia 


The William Robertson Coe Professor in American Economic History 

Stanford University 

Stanford, California 


General Partner, Odyssey Partners, L.P. 

New York, New York 





Trustees Emend 





(deceased May 1 1 , 200}) 



Associate Director and Treasurer 

Associate Director and Secretary of the Corporation 

Manager of Administration 

Publications Associate 

Major Gifts Officer 

Development Officer 

Development Associate 

Manager of Human Resources 

Aciministrator, IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute 

Executive Assistant to tlie Director 

Senior Development Officer 

Institutional Advancement Officer 

Member Services Coordinator 


Public Affairs Associate 

Che//Manager, Dining Hail 

Senior Public Affairs Officer 



Librcman. Mathematics and Natural Sciences 


Librarian, Hisurrical Studies aiid Social Science 

(also Coordinator of /n/(miuition Access for Computing, Te/ecommunications, 

and Networking AcJniinisrrcition) 


Administrative Officer, School of Mathematics 

Atiminismuit'c Officer, School of Social Science 

Adnunistrative Officer, School of Natural Sciences 

Administrative Officer, School of Historical Studies 


Computing Manager (Interim) 

Computer Manager, Information Technology Group 

Computer Manager, School of Natural Sciences 

Computer Manager, School of Mat/i^m<in'cs 


(deceased ]antujry 6, 2003) 





(m order nfserxice) 





(current Faculty ami Faculty Emeriti are in bold) 































here is no doubt in my mind that the 
Institute provides conditions for thinking 
and writing which are unmatched 
anywhere in the world." 

-Member, School of Historical Studies 

Fuld Hall Library 


In 1991, when Phillip Gritiiths a^jrecd to be Director o( the Institute, the Board of 
Trustees and Faculty knew that the tuture ot the Institute would he in jjood hands, hut we 
could not have foreseen the vitality that his leadership would provide. Our 1991 Annu- 
al Report described the general climate tor higher education as a "time of questioning and 
challenge tor some ot our finest institutions." In addition, the report noted that "many 
educational leaders are less confident than they were a decade ago of the ability of insti- 
tutions to respond effectively to future needs and to fulfill their missions." 

However, within a brief time it was clear that, with Phillip's leadership, the Institute for 
Advanced Study would begin a period of deep strengthening. The Schools were respond- 
ing to events in the world at large, such as the fall of the Berlin Wall, when the School 
of Historical Studies convened an international conference on "German History from the 
Perspective of Art Collectors, Donors, and Museums" that brought together leading 
scholars from Europe and the United States in history and art history. The conference 
was supported by the Frit: Thyssen Stiftung and The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 
Ensuing years brought other international collaborations, including the initiation of the 
New Europe Pri:e, created in collaboration with centers of advanced study in the Unit- 
ed States and Western Europe. The New Europe Prize was created to assist selected 
scholars who had come to our institutes and had returned to their home institutions in 
Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. 

In the spring of 1992, the School of Mathematics' year-long focus on emerging areas of 
applied mathematics culminated in a week-long conference on fluid dynamics, support- 
ed by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. Explorations also began at the intersection of 
mathematics and the sciences, where there was the prospect of significant discovery or 
insight flow-ing from mathematical applications. After several years of visiting appoint- 
ments in theoretical computer .science, the Institute's School of Mathematics established 
a Faculty position in this field. 

Early steps also addressed Institute infrastructure, and Simonyi Hall, a long-needed home 
for the School of Mathematics, and Wolfensohn Hall, a center for lectures and concerts 
for the entire Institute, were built. The computing environment was expanded and the 
fiber optic cabling network upgraded. These efforts would be followed in later years by 
the creation of Crossroads Child Care Center, the renovation of the Library Annex and 
construction of the Shelby White and Leon Levy Room, the renovation of our 169-apart- 
ment Member housing complex, and the construction of Bloomberg Hall, which joined 
two existing buildings to allow the School of Natural Sciences to be housed in one cen- 
tral building for the first time in its history. 

The creation of Bloomberg Hall is typical of the manner in which actions were taken in 
response to academic needs. The Faculty and Director saw that science at the frontier in 
particle physics and astrophysics was merging, and to pursue this most effectively it would 
be necessary to have scientists from these areas rubbing elbows rather than working in their 
own groups in separate buildings. In addition to the physical consolidation of the School, 
funds, provided in part by the W.M. Keck Foundation, were necessary to support new 


Institute for advanced Study 

research work. Bloomberg Hall, plus funds for the frontier science being pursued within its 
walls, resulted in a dynamic new environment tor the School. 

Distinguished academic leaders Hanna Gray and Henry Rosovsky were invited to chair 
Visiting Committees to each of the Schools. Following this process. Trustees Helene 
Kaplan and Richard Black co-chaired the Decadal Review. One recommendation that 
resulted from the review was for greater flexibility in various areas. Shelby White and 
Leon Levy generously responded to Phillip's request to create a fund for new initiatives, 
and theoretical biology became a special program with the support of this and other new 
funding. Other academic decisions made during this time included the resumption of 
economics within the School of Social Science and the creation of a Chair in East Asian 
Studies in the School of Historical Studies. Outstanding Faculty appointments were 
made in both existing and new areas. 

Phillip's concern for the education of future scholars led to the IAS/Park City Mathe- 
matics Institute, Prospects in Theoretical Physics, and the Women's Program in Mathe- 
matics. In addition, the Artist-in-Residence program was established, and it has been 
greatly valued by the current Members and Faculty, as well as the larger community. A 
major accomplishment of the Institute was the preservation in a permanent conservation 
easement of 589 acres of Institute Woods and farmlands. This legacy, of environmental 
and historical importance, will remain in perpetuity. 

In January, Phillip will join the Faculty of the School of Mathematics. He is the only 
Director other than J. Robert Oppenheimer to be invited by a School to become a Faculty 
Member. The Institute will, at that time, have the privilege of welcoming Peter Goddard, 
Professor of Tlieoretical Physics in the Department of Applied Mathematics and TTieoret- 
ical Physics, University of Cambridge and Master of St. John's College, as the eighth Direc- 
tor of the Institute for Advanced Study. We enthusiastically look forward to working with 
Peter Goddard and to his future leadership of the Institute. I also extend my appreciation 
to Martin Leibowitz, who chaired the Search Committee, and to each of the Faculty and 
Trustees who served the Institute in the significant process of selecting the next Director. 


The Institute is deeply grateful to Nathan Myhrvold, Martin Rees, and Ladislaus von 
Hoffmann for their dedicated years of service to the Board of Trustees. We are pleased 
that Laszlo will continue to serve as a Trustee Emeritus and look forward to new ways that 
Nathan and Martin will be involved with the Institute in the future. 

We are pleased to welcome Andrew Strominger, Professor of Physics at Harvard Univer- 
sity, as the Academic Trustee for the School of Natural Sciences. A former long-term 
Member at the Institute (1982-87), Dr. Strominger was Professor of Physics at the Uni- 
versity of California at Santa Barbara (1986 to 1997). A theoretical physicist. Dr. Stro- 
minger's research concerns quantum gravity, string theory, and quantum field theory. Dr. 
Strominger earned his B.A. at Harvard, his M.A. at the University of California at Berke- 
ley, and his Ph.D. at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A former Department of 
Energy Outstanding Junior Investigator and Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow, he is a 
senior fellow of the Harvard Society of Fellows. 



The Trustees are also delighted to welcome Shelby White, author, collector, and philan- 
thropist, to the Board. She received her B.A. from Mount Holyoke CoUepe and her M.A. 
from Columbia University. A member oi the board ot The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 
she also ser\es on the Visiting Committee of the Freer and Sackler Galleries and the Har- 
vard Museum Visiting Committee. In addition, she sits on the Kiards ot The Mount 
Holyoke College Art Museum, The Bard Graduate Center, The Writers Room and The 
New York Bt.itanical Garden. Shelby is chair of the White-Levy Program for Archaeolog- 
ical Publications. She and her late husband, Leon Levy, have been the sponsors of the 
excavations at the ancient Canaanite city of Ashkelon, Israel. These excavations are 
directed by Lawrence Stager of Harvard University and have operated continuously for 17 
years. Shelby White and the late Leon Levy have also funded work done by Dr. Robert Bal- 
lard in the discovery of ancient Phoenician shipwrecks, as well as programs in various areas 
at the Institute of Fine Arts, Rockefeller University, and the Institute tor Advanced Study. 

Jn Memorican 

In the year past, the Institute lost an extraordinary number of leaders beloved by the 

Harry Woolf served as Director of the Institute for Advanced Study from 1976-87 and 
subsequently Professor-at-Large until his passing on January 6, 2003. The Board's resolu- 
tion of April 25, 1987, noted, "With high heart and deft hand, Harry Woolf has led the 
Institute for Advanced Study steadily forward for over a decade. He has gathered its sepa- 
rate parts into a whole, forging a stronger and sounder enterprise. Student and scholar, his- 
torian and man of science, he has read the past and anticipated the tuture: he has insured 
the Institute's place in time... His insight and energ>', ability and good humor have secured 
a great legacy, and in recognition thereof the Board of Trustees herein expresses its deep 
appreciation and warm affection." During Harry's time as Director, the Institute's Archives 
were established, and the centennial of the birth of Albert Einstein was celebrated with a 
major symposium that brought scientists and humanists together. The proceedings were 
collected in the volume he edited, Some Strangeness in the Proportion: A Cer\tennial Sympo- 
sium to Celebrate the Achievemerxts of Albert Einstein. In addition, A Community of Scholars, 
an invaluable work of reference and a record of the Institute's Faculty and Members during 
its first fifty years, was published. The Institute is deeply grateful for the leadership Harry 
Woolf provided the Institute during his years as Director. 

Leon Lev7 served as a Trustee of the Institute for Advanced Study for fifteen years, and 
his many contributions were unique. His own intellectual vitality was remarkable, and his 
interests wide-ranging, so he found it natural that scholars at the Institute would be dri- 
ven by their intellectual curiosity. He contributed to his role as Chair of the Executive 
and Finance Committees, Vice Chairman of the Board, and President of the Corporation 
all of the remarkable talents and qualities that made him a legendary financier. His busi- 
ness acumen, leadership skills, and practical wisdom ensured that the Institute remained 
on a sound financial course during a period when the ability to chart that course was pos- 
sessed by very few. In his last two years of chairing the Finance Committee, the return 
on the Institute's endowment was in the top 1 % of comparable endowments. 

Family was extremely important to Leon, and in so many ways, he made us feel as though 
the Institute had become a part of his family. His enormous contributions of time and 
advice regarding all manner of Institute concerns; his wonderful sense of humor and con- 


Institute for advanced study 

tagious enthusiasm; his formidable financial intuition; his willingness to take risks and 
hold big positions, whether in the financial arena or the academic one: for all of these 
gifts that Leon gave so generously, we are most grateful. Leon Levy speculated some years 
ago in a letter to Phillip Griffiths, "If I have been a very good fellow in this incarnation, 
perhaps 1 will be fortunate enough to come back as a scholar in the next." The Institute 
for Advanced Study expresses its profound appreciation for the life of Leon Levy, for his 
wise influence and guidance, and for the pride and pleasure we found in his friendship. 

The Institute also lost a treasured friend, Frank E. Taplin, Jr., Trustee and Trustee Emer- 
itus for more than thirty years. Frank passed away on May 1 1, 2003. Articulate on behalf 
of the Institute's mission, Frank Taplin believed strongly in the Institute's role in the 
creation of new knowledge and in the mentoring of young scholars and scientists. With 
his wife, Peggy, he endowed two Memberships in the School of Natural Sciences. A man 
who always led by example, Mr. Taplin inspired support over the years for various Insti- 
tute initiatives, including the IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute and the Artist-in- 
Residence program, at critical points for these programs. 

In 1997, Frank's personal leadership was vital in seeding the Institute's efforts to preserve 
589 acres of Institute Woods and contiguous farm fields, a key ecological link in a net- 
work of open space between New York City and Philadelphia. Frank's vision encom- 
passed the environment, music, education, and human rights, and he was driven by a 
love of music, poetry, language and learning. We shall always cherish Frank's personal 
curiosity, great intelligence, and richness ot spirit. 

Patricia H. Labalme served the Institute in many capacities including Associate Director 
(1982-88), Secretary of the Corporation (1982-92), and Assistant to the Director (1992-7). 
But these formal titles describe only some of her many contributions to our intellectual 
and financial well-being. Patsy collected oral histories and consulted about projects with 
faculty in the Schools of Historical Studies and Social Science. In the early days she 
helped write grant proposals, and later, as a trustee of the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foun- 
dation, she generously supported many of our efforts by funding memberships and con- 
ferences. Her deep commitment to humanistic learning was evident in the kinds of work 
she chose to support as well as in her own scholarship. Patsy's love of the Renaissance 
brought her into contact with the medievalist and early modern historians at the Insti- 
tute. She was the author of Bernardo Giustiniani: A Venetian of the Quattrocento (1969) 
and editor of a collection of essays. Beyond their Sex: Learned Women of the European Past 
(1980). At her death she was working on a book on the Venetian diarist, Marin Sanudo. 
Patsy's remarkable commitment to the Institute, her intelligence, and her friendship will 
be treasured always by Trustees, Faculty, and Members alike. 

In kx)king to the future, I am pleased to announce that at our .spring Board meeting, Richard 
B. Black was elected as Vice Chair of the Board, joining Martin L. Leibowitz in that oftice, 
and Charles Simonyi was elected to the position of President of the Corporation. 

With the leadership that has preceded and the plans in place for the future, I have great 
faith that the Institute will continue to be an incomparable incubator for young scholars 
and the most distinctive intellectual reservoir for pure knowledge. 

James D. Wolfen.sohn 



It is with a profound sense of gratitude and fulfillment that I write my final report as 
Director of the Institute for Advanced Study. It has been a privilege and a pleasure to 
serve at the helm of this marvelous institution for the past twelve and a half years, and I 
owe a deep debt of gratitude to so many of you - Faculty and trustees, Members and visi- 
tors, staff, professional colleagues, donors and friends - who have helped make my tenure 
as Director the experience o( a lifetime. 

Three quarters of a century after it was established, the Institute remains true to the course 
set by our founding Director, Abraham Flexner, to create a "free society of scholars - free, 
because mature persons, animated by intellectual purposes, must be left to pursue their own 
ends in their own ways." While institutions everywhere have struggled in recent years to 
define or adjust their missions, our own institution remains steadfast in its commitment to 
support the most advanced level of scholarship. Nor have we wavered from our education- 
al mission, for we share the conviction of our founder and his successors in this office that 
the true scholar has dual objectives: to discover new knowledge, and to act as a mentor and 
model for the next generation of scholars. The Institute is dedicated to creating the most 
fertile learning environment for our visiting Members. 

A multitude of research institutions now exist, many of them deliberate copies of our own 
Institute for Advanced Study. But ours remains distinctive in breadth, organization, mix 
of permanent faculty and Members, and especially in its unique culture. Its resource base 
is significant, its excellence unparalleled. George Kennan's observation is as apt now as 
it was when he wrote these words many years ago: "... I have no hesitation in suggesting 
that there has been no other place in the world from which, scholar for scholar and 
square foot for square foot, more and finer scholarship has emerged over these past 40 
years than from these surrounding walls." 

During my time as Director, new fields have emerged here at the Institute, both fields that 
are truly "new," and fields that are new to the Institute, and in which we have decided 
the Institute can make a contribution. 

One such field is East Asian Studies, and I am very pleased to announce the appointment 
of Nicola Di Cosmo to the faculty of the School of Historical Studies, effective July 1, 2003, 
as the first Luce Foundation Professor of East Asian Studies. Professor Di Cosmo is a spe- 
cialist in the relationship between China and its northern neighbors, the nomads of the 
Inner Asian steppes. Prior to coming to the Institute, Professor DiCosmo taught at the 
University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand; Harvard University; and Indiana 
University. He was a research fellow at Cambridge University from 1989 to 1992. 

Professor Di Cosmo earned his B.A. (Laurea) in Chinese Studies from the University of 
Venice (1982), and received his Ph.D. in Inner Asian History from Indiana University 
(I99I). He was a visiting Member in the School of Historical Studies in the spring 
semester, 1999. The author of two books. Professor Di Cosmo has served as co-author, 
editor, or co-editor of five additional books, and has also written numerous articles and 
book chapters. He is on the advisory or editorial boards of the Journal of East Asian 
Archaeology, Asia Major, and Inner Asia, and is currently working on books to be titled, 


Institute for advanced study 

"A Military History of the Manchu Conquest of China" and "The Mongol Empire in 
World History'." 

The Institute community has been deeply saddened by the deaths of two Faculty mem- 
bers this year. 

Armand Borel, an internationally recognized mathematician whose work was fundamen- 
tal to the development and formation of modem mathematics, died on August 1 1 , at the 
age of 80. He was a Professor Emeritus in the School of Mathematics, where he had been 
a member of the Faculty since 1957. 

In 1991, Professor Borel received the American Mathematical Society's Steele Prize for 
lifelong contributions to mathematics. The award citation noted that Professor Borel's 
work "provided the empirical base for a great swath of modem mathematics, and his 
observations pointed out the structures and mechanisms that became central concerns of 
mathematical activity. In the course of amassing these astounding achievements," the 
award citation continued, "he placed the facilities of the Institute for Advanced Study at 
the service of mathematics and mathematicians, using them to foster talent, share his 
ideas, and facilitate access to recent developments through seminars and lectures. It is 
just simply not possible to cite a career more accomplished or fruitful or one more mean- 
ingful to the contemporary mathematical community." 

A 1993 article in the Notices of the American Mathematical Society noted that Borel "has 
played an eminent role as stimulator and propagator of new ideas in the international 
mathematical community. In particular, he has repeatedly initiated and participated in 
seminars and summer programs where important new techniques and results were 
brought forth." Most recently, Armand Borel was the main organizer of the multi-year 
Summer Program at the Center of Mathematical Science at Zhejiang University, Hong 
Kong. Professor Borel spent four months in each of three academic years, from 1999- 
2001, at Zhejiang University in order to set up the program. 

In these pages last year, 1 had the pleasure of announcing the January 2002 appointment 
of the art historian Kirk Vamedoe to the Faculty of the School of Historical Studies. We 
welcomed Kirk wholeheartedly to the Institute community, and it is with great sadness 
that I must now write that Kirk died on August 14, 2003, at the age of 57, after a long 
and valiant battle with cancer. We will miss his presence here very much. During his 
all-too-brief time at the Institute, Kirk focused much of his remarkable energy on lectur- 
ing widely, both in this country and abroad, on teaching, and on writing the fifty-second 
annual 2003 A.W Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts, which he delivered this spring, to 
overflow crowds, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. He titled the series 
"Pictures of Nothing: Abstract Art since Pollock." The first lecture, "Why Abstract 
Art?," was followed by "Survivals and Fresh Starts," "Minimalism," "After Minimalism," 
"Satire, Irony, and Abstract Art," and "Abstract Art Now." As is traditional with the 
Mellon lectures, they will be published as a book. 

The National Science Foundation has awarded the Institute tor Ad\'anced Study's 
School of Mathematics a $9 million grant, effective over a six-year period, to support the 
School's work as a mathematical center that integrates education with The 
School of Mathematics was the first of the world's continuously active mathematical 



institutes, and other early mathematical institutes, such as the Institute des Hautes 
Etudes Scientifiques in Paris and the Max-Plank-lnstitut fiir Mathematik in Bonn, took 
the Institute tor Advanced Study as their model. For the past seventy years, the School 
of Mathematics has oi^ered mathematical scholars research opportunities characterized 
by a rich mathematical environment with interesting new ideas and problems; a broad 
perspective that enc<impasses both pure and applied mathematics; excellent academic 
facilities; and minimal distractions, which permit scholars the concentration needed to 
develop a new approach, find new connections, or tackle a large problem. 

We welcomed former Members to the Institute campus on April 4 and 5 tor the AMIAS 
Biennial Conference. Four lectures were given in Woltensohn Hall: "A Journey in the 
World oi Difterential Equations," by Jean Bourgain, Professor in the School of Mathe- 
matics; "Human Dissection and Vivisection: Science, Religion, and Politics in Ancient 
Greece," by Heinrich von Staden, Professor in the School of Mathematics; "Einstein's 
Legacy: A Quarter Century of The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein," by Diana Kor- 
mos-Buchwald, Associate Professor, Caltech, General Editor and Director, Einstein 
Papers Project (Member, School of Social Science, 1992-93); and "The Human Genome 
Project: Where Do We Go from Here?" by Arnold Levine, Visiting Professor in the 
School of Natural Sciences. 

The School of Natural Sciences' "Prospects in Theoretical Physics" program completed 
its second year, and drew over 100 young physicists to the Institute campus from June 30- 
July 11 for a program titled "Cosmology, Particles, and Strings." Designed for advanced 
graduate students in physics and astrophysics, the program encourages the participation 
of women, minorities, and students from institutions with smaller programs in astro- 
physics and particle physics. 

T^e School of Social Science completed its second year of a three-year focus on ethical 
issues, with discussion this year centered on the topic of corruption and its opposites: 
civic virtue, public responsibility, and bureaucratic rationality. Scholars from three dis- 
ciplines - economics, political science, and anthropology - came together to examine a 
variet>' of questions from very different perspectives. 

The Institute for Advanced Study has sponsored the IAS/Park City Mathematics Insti- 
tute (PCMI) since 1994. PCMl is an integrated mathematics program that includes par- 
ticipation by, and interaction among, six difterent groups: research mathematicians, 
graduate students, undergraduate students, mathematics education researchers, under- 
graduate faculty, and high school teachers. The interaction among these diverse groups 
fosters a stronger sense of the mathematical enterprise as a whole, and raises awareness of 
the roles of professionals with varying responsibilities in mathematics-based professions. 
PCMl's flagship activity is its annual three-week Summer Session, attended this year by 
260 participants and held June 29-July 19 in Park City, Utah. Additional programs take 
place throughout the year and include the year-long High School Teacher Program and 
the Lecture Publication Series. 

During his five years as Head of the Institute for Advanced Study's Program in Theoret- 
ical Biology, from its inception in 1998 through the end of the 2003 academic year, 
Martin Nowak focused its research work on various aspects of mathematical biology. In 
July 2003, Dr. Nowak took up a new post at Harvard University as Professor of Mathe- 


Institute for advanced study 

matics and of Biology', and founding Director of Harvard's new Institute for Theoretical 
Biology. During Arnold Levine's first year as Visiting Professor in the School of Natural 
Sciences and the Program in TTieoretical Biology, he worked with a group whose research 
interests include genetics and genomics, polymorphisms and molecular aspects of evolu- 
tion, signal transduction pathways and networks, stress responses and pharmacogenomics 
in cancer biology. Professor Levine initiated a series of regular meetings - consisting of 
presentations and discussion - for people interested in research in biology; fourteen were 
held during this past year in Bloomberg Hall. In addition, nine talks were presented dur- 
ing a special biology group meeting on December 9, 2002. 

This year marked the 10th Anniversary of the Program for Women in Mathematics at the 
Institute for Advanced Study. The Program, whose research focus this year was mathe- 
matical biology, was held on the Institute campus from May 12-22. Sponsored by the 
Institute for Advanced Study and Princeton University, the program brings women 
students in contact with postdoctoral scholars and active professional mathematicians, and 
encourages women to further their mathematics education by offering deep mathematical 
content as well as extensive mentoring opportunities. To celebrate the 10th Anniversary, 
all past participants were invited to the Institute May 16-18, for a weekend of talks, 
research poster sessions, panels and social activities. Over the past ten years, hundreds of 
young women have participated in the program and gone on to successful and rewarding 
careers in mathematics. The field has been greatly enriched by their presence. 

I am very pleased to announce that our Artist-in-Residence, composer Jon Magnussen, 
has been appointed to a new four-year term that will extend through the academic year 
2006-07. A composer of music for the concert hall, drama, and dance, Magnussen also 
organizes the Institute's annual concert series and all related lectures and workshops. The 
tenth concert season included eleven performances in Wolfensohn Hall, including pro- 
grams by vocal ensemble Fuma Sacra; fortepianist Malcolm Bilson, baritone Santord Syl- 
van; and guitarist Antigoni Goni. Jon Magnussen presented two events in the "Talking 
About New Music" series in addition to pre-concert talks before each of the four concert 
programs. In progress, among other projects, is an American Ballet Theatre-commis- 
sioned orchestration of chamber works by Ernest Chausson (1855-99) for choreographer 
Robert Hill's new ballet ba.sed on Oscar Wilde's novel. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Mag- 
nussen will conduct the ABT orchestra when the work premieres on October 30, 2004, 
at New York City's City Center. 

Thirteen/WNET New York's Big Ideas, the four-part public television series about some of 
the work that takes place at the Institute, featured several of our Faculty and Members in 
conversation with moderator Ira Flatow. The programs, titled "Exploring the Cosmos," 
"Einstein's Dream," "A New History of the World," and "Thinking Big," premiered in the 
New York/New Jersey/Connecticut area in April. The series was shown in over 45 markets 
across the country, with estimated audiences of over 450,000 individuals for each program. 
Thirteen maintains a Big Ideas website at . and videocassettes of 
the series are available. Big Ideas was made possible by the support of the Horace W Gold- 
smith Foundation, Strachan and Vivian Donnelley, the Ambrose Monell Foundation, and 
Rosalind P. Walter. The Institute is deeply grateful to Trustee Robert B. Menschel, with- 
out whom Big Ideas would not have been possible, and expresses special thanks to Trustee 
Emeritus Ralph Hansmann for his support and encouragement of this project. 



One ot the great joys of my twelve years and a halt as Director has been the opportuiiity 
to meet and learn from our very diverse group of Members and Visitors, the individuals 
who make the Institute such a rich and vibrant community. JudginK by their enthusias- 
tic year-end reports, what they take away from their experience here is every bit as valu- 
able as what they leave behind. The Institute is shaped by their intellectual legacies, 
through remembered seminars and conversations, articles and books, that influence and 
inspire Faculty and fellow Members and are passed on to those who come after. 

I personally have enjoyed an incomparable opportunity to interact substantively with col- 
leagues on intellectual issues. And thanks to the richness and warmth ot the extended 
Institute community, Taff^' and 1 have been privileged to have a welcoming and supportive 
home. 1 Uxik forward to a new role at the Institute as a member of the Faculty in the 
School of Mathematics, and to immersing myselt more deeply in some interesting mathe- 
matical projects I've undertaken in recent months. I also will continue to be involved in 
efforts to build and strengthen the scientific communities ot developing countries through 
the Millennium Science Initiative, and will be working on special projects tor The Andrew 
W. Mellon Foundation. 

I am proud to be handing over to my successor, Peter Goddard, the helm of a thriving 
institution. As the Institute moves through the uncharted waters of a new century, I am 
confident that under Peter's leadership it will continue to prosper by heeding the 
original Flexner vision - and by making the judicious course changes that will enable the 
Institute to continue to support and nurture this unique community of scholars. 

Phillip A. Griffiths 



The following is a calendar of events sponsored by the Office of the Director 

Academic Year 2002-Oi 

Septemher 26 
Member Family Barbecue 

Ocriiber 1 


The Little Foxes by Lillian Hellman 

October 2 

Talk sponsored by the School of Historical 


"Pope Pius Xll and the Holocaust" 

ROBERT WISTRICH, Hebrew Unwersky. 


October ^^ 

Talking About New Music 

"Words and Music" 

JON MAGNUSSEN, Artist-m-Residence . 

Institute for Advanced Study, STEVEN 

STUCKY, composer, and ANDREW 

MEGILL, Fuma Sacra Arrisric Director 

October 9. n. and 13 
Institute Concert Series 
Pierre Certon La, la, laje ne lose dire; Giraut 
de Bomelh Reis f^lorios; Josquin Desprez Mille 
regret;; Orlando di Lasso Bon jour, mon coeur; 
GuiUaume Dufay Vergene hella; Giovanni 
Giacomo Gastoldi Tuta, venite armati; Pietro 
Antonio Giramo Festa, riso; Robert Heppener 
Cann camascialeschi ( 1966) (excerpts); Jon 
Magnussen Occhi dolenti (2002); Cipriano de 
Rore Mia henigna fortuna; Claudio Monteverdi 
Zefiro toma e'l hel tempo rimena; Pierre 
Passereau II est hel et fcon; Steven Stucky 
Cradle Songs (1996); and Augusta Read 
Thomas Lofe Songs ( 1997) (excerpts) 
FUMA SACRA, i-ocaf ensemble 

October IH 
Institute Film Series 
T/ie Navigator (1988) 

October 20 

Friends Fireside Chat 

"It's Never Too Late" 

ANNE MARTINDELL, jonner Ambassador to 

New Zealand 

October 30 

Friends Forum 

"Holy War Before Globalization: 

The Pre-Modem Doctrine of Jihad" 

PATRICIA CRONE, Professor, School of 

Historical Sti«lies 

November 1 

Talking About New Music 

"Four Psalms" 

JOHN HARBISON, composer and bmnute 

Professor, Mossocliiisetts Institute of Technology 

No\i.Miibcr 5 
Serious Money by Caryl Churchill 

November 6 

Institute Lecture 

"The Missing Sentence: The Visual Arts and 

the Social Sciences in Mid-19th-Centurv 


WOLF LEPENIES, Visitor. School of Social 


NuvcmbLT 13 

Friends Forum 

"Chance in Physics and Mathematics from 

the Botanist Brown to Financial Markets" 

STEPHEN ADLER, Professor. School of 

Natural Sciences 

NdwnilxT 1 S 
Institute Film Series 
RoGoPaG (1962) 

November 20, 22, and 24 
Institute Concert Series 
Ludwig van Beethoven Sonata in E-flat Major, 
Opus 7 ( 1 796) and Seven Bagatelles, Opus 53 
(1802) and Franz Schubert Sonata in F -sharp 
Minor, D. 571 (1817) and Impromptu in F 
Minor, D. 935, Opus 142, No. 1 (1828) 
MALCOLM BILSON, /ortepiano 

Institute Film Series 



NovomK-r 1 1 

Institute Concert Series 

Concert Lecture 

"How To Read Urtext Editions And What, 

If Anything, Do Instruments Have To Do 

With It?" 

MALCOLM BILSON, Frederick;. Whiton 

Charr of Music, Cornell University 

November 26 
Institute Film Series 
Saint Clara (] 996) 

L\"cembcr 3 
Other People's Mone\ hy Jerry Sterner 

December 4 
Faculty/Colleague Dinner 

December 8 

Holiday Reception for Friends and Faculty 

LVccmbcr 1 1 
Institute Film Series 
Three Penny Opera (193 J) 

December 12 

Children's Holiday Celebration 


January' 7 


AU My Sons by Arthur Miller 

January' 10 

Memorial service and reception for former 

Institute Director Dr. Harry Woolf 

January 17 
Institute Film Series 
Daughters of the Dust ( 199 1 ) 

January 22 

Institute Lecture 

"Three Easy Pieces: Examples of Chaos in the 

Solar System" 

PETER GOLDREICH, Visiring Professor. 

School of hiaairal Sciences 

January 28 
Institute Film Series 
Blue Kite (1993) 

January- 30 

AMIAS Lecture 

"Project Orion" 

FREEMAN DYSON, Professor Emeritus, School 

of Natural Sciences and GEORGE DYSON, 

Director's Visitor 

Febriiar\' 3 

Special Faculty Lecture 

"Van Gogh's Postman: The Portraits of Joseph 



School of Historical Studies 

FolHu.iry 4 


Professional Skepticism hy James Rasheed 

Fcbriuin "i 
Institute Film Series 
The Golden Coach (1952) 

February 12 

Institute Concert Series 

Gabriel Faur6 Cimj melodies "de Venise"; Hugo 

Wolf Three Songs on Texts of Michelangelo and 

Poems o/Monke; Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky 

selected songs; and Jon Magnussen Psalm 21 

SANFORD SYLVAN, hantonc and 


February 13 

Dinner for new Friends of the Institute 

Institute Concert Series 

Concert Discussion 

JON MAGNUSSEN, Artist-m-Residence, 

Institute for Advanced Study, SANFORD 



February 14 

Institute Concert Series 

Franz Schubert Die Winterreise, Opus 89 

SCOTT MCCOY, tenor and 


February' 19 

Friends Forum 

"The Incumbent Protection Act of 2002: 

Politics Under the New Campaign Finance 



School of Social Science 

February' 20 
Institute Film Series 

February 22 
Midwinter Party 

Febniar\' 24 

Lecture Series in Biology: "Science, Anxiety, 

and Meaning: Biomedicine Encounters Ethics 

and Public Policy" 

HAROLD T. SHAPIRO. Pnnceton L'mtersit^ 


Institute for advanced study 

February' 26 

Institute Lecture 

"The Nanjing Massacre and Chinese 

Historical Memory" 

JOSHUA FOGEL, Two-Year Mellon Visiting 

Professor, School of Historical Studies 

March 2 

Event for prospective Friends 

"Grand Pursuit: In Search of 20th Century 

Economic Thinkers" 

SYLVIA NASAK, Director's Visitor 

March 4 


Old Money by Wendy Wasserstein 

March 5 

Institute Film Series 

Wedding in Gafike (1987) 

March 6 

AMIAS Lecture 

"Von Neumann's Universe: 1903-2003" 


March 1 1 

Dinner for members of the Director's and 

Chairman's Circles 

"Issues Museums Face Today" 

ROBERT ANDERSON, Member, School of 

Historical Studies 

March 16 

Institute Trip 

Museum of Modem Art 

March 26, 28, and 30 
Institute Concert Series 
Leo Brouwer El Decameron Negro; 
Agustin Barrios-Mangore Three Pieces; 
Joaquin Rodrigo Invocacion y danza\ Sergio 
Assad Three Greek Letters; Federico Mompou 
Suite Compostelana; and Alberto Ginastera 
Sonata, Opus 47 

March 27 

Institute Concert Series 

Concert Discussion 

JON MAGNUSSEN, Anisi-in-Residence, 

Institute for Advanced Study and ANTIGONI 

GONl, guitar 

April 4 

AMIAS Conference 

Institute Lectute 

"A Journey in the World of Differential 


JEAN BOURGAIN, Professor, School of 


Thirteen/WNET New York "BIG IDEAS" 
Showing: Episode One "Exploring the 
Cosmos." Is there life on other planets? 
Will humans colonize Mars? What happens 
when a large star runs out of fuel? 

April 5 

AMIAS Conference 

"Human Dissection and Vivisection: Science, 

Religion, and Politics in Ancient Greece" 


School uf Historical Sttniies 

"Einstein's Legacy: A Quarter Century of The 

Collected Papers ot Albert Einstein" 


Professor, California Institute of Technology: 

Genera/ Editor and Director, Einstein Papers 

Project; Member, School of Social Science. 


"The Human Genome Project: Where Do We 

Go from Here?" 

ARNOLD LEVINE, Visiring Professor, 

School of Natural Sciences 

April 8 


Mrs. Warren's Profession by George Bernard 


April 1 3 

Friends Fireside Chat 

"A Career in Human Genetics" 


.^Lpril 14 

Thirteen/WNET New York "BIG IDEAS" 

Showing: Episode Two "Einstein's Dream." 

Einstein spent his last 30 years searching for a 

unified theory to explain the universe, but 

didn't succeed. Has one been found in string 


Apnl 19 

Children's Easter Egg Hunt 

April 2 3 
Faculty/Colleague Dinner 



April 26 

Institute Trip 

American Museum ot Histury 

April 28 

Thirteen/WNET New York "BIG IDEAS" 
Showing: Episode Three "A New History of 
the World." Is there such a thing as a just 
war.' Is terrorism ever morally acceptable? 
Can ancient art change our current view 
of history? 

May : 

Institute Lecture 

"War and Moral Judgment" 


School of Social Science 

May 3 

Institute Trip 

Lim6n Dance Company, New York, N.Y. 

May 5 

Thirteen/WNET Now York "Blti IDEAS" 
Showing: Episode Four "Thinking Big." 
From diamond-toothed, garhage-eating turtles 
to the origins of language to Balinese 
cixkfights, listen to great minds talk about 
their big ideas. 

May 6 
Loot by Joe Orton 

May 28 

Friends Annual Meeting and Picnic 

July 9 

Institute Trip 

Museum of Modern Art 



he Institute has provided the ideal 
environment for nurturing my project, 
for it is a place rich both in scholarly 
resources arui in intellectual support and cavaaraderie . 
M)/ Membership has been invaluable, and 
I thank you from the heart for giving me the 
opportunity to live and work here." 

— Member, School of Historical Studies 

The terrace at the hack o/ Fuld Hall, looking towards the pond and the Institute Woods 


The Institute tor Advanced Study expresses deep appreciation 
for all gifts and grants to its endowment and capital funds, for annual 
operating support, and for in-kind contributions in fiscal year 2003. 


American Council ot Learned Societies 

AMIAS (AssiKiation of Members of the Institute for Advanced Study) 


John P. Birkelund 

Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation, Inc. 

Carnegie Corporation of New York 

Helen and Martin Chooljian 

Harry and Helen Cohen Charitable Foundation 

The Concordia Foundation 

Theodore L. and Mary Cross 

Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation 

Deutsche Bank AG 

George S. and Dolores Dore Eccles Foundation 

Friends of the Institute for Advanced Study 

The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation 

Doris M. and Ralph E. Hansmann 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Jaffin 

J. Seward Johnson, Sr. Charitable Trusts 

Helene L. Kaplan 

Mr. and Mrs. Immanuel Kohn 

Martin L. Leibowit: 

Nancy and Duncan MacMillan 

David F. Marquardt 

Hamish Maxwell 

TTie Andrew W. Mellon Foundation 

Robert B. Menschel 

Mrs. F. Merle-Smith 

The Ambrose Monell Foundation 

J.R Morgan &. Co. Inc.* 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

National Endowment for the Humanities 

National Science Foundation 

State of New Jersey 

Novartis International AG 

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation 

Martin E. Segal 

The Simons Foundation 

Space Telescope Science Institute 

The Starr Foundation 

United States Department of Energy 

^Matching gift to an individual contribution 


Institute for advanced study 

Mr. and Mrs. James D. Wolfensohn 

Wolfensohn Family Foundation 

Brian F. Wruhle 


The Einstein Legacy Society, which honors those who support the Institute 

through a trust or estate plan, expresses its gratitude 

to Phillip and Marian Griffiths 


Estate of Philip and Franciszka Merlan 

Estate of Ruth Kidder Rubenstein 

Estate of Lowell J. Schoenfeld 


A C K N O W L E nc. M E N T S 



Mr. :md Mrs. Charles L. Brown 

Helen and Martin Chtxiljian 

Donna and Morton Collins 

Mar>' and Tom E\slin 

Toby and Carl Feinberg 

Sally and Jim Hill 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Loughlin 

Nancy and Duncan MacMillan 

Elena and Giorgio Petronio 

Cindy and John Reed 

Louise and John Steffens 


Penny and Bill Bardel 

Mr. and Mrs. James E. Burke 

Barbara Chancellor 

Melanie and John Clarke 

Mr. and Mrs. William Greenberg 

Mr. and Mrs. Ward S. Hagan 

Mr. and Mrs. George H. Heilbom 

Lynn and Bob Johnston 

Ann and John McGoldrick 

John Rassweiler 

Michael P Schulhof 

Kit and Arnie Snider 

Susan and Donald Wilson 

Joyce and Georg Albers-Schonberg 

Joyce and Philip Anderson 

Rohen Aresty 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel T. Arnold, Jr. 

Elizabeth and Peter Baughan 

Leonard E. Baum 

Mr. and Mrs. B. Richard Benioff 

Phoebe and Charles Biddle 

Lynn and Peter Bienstock 

Susan Bombieri 

Eric Braverman 

John F. Brinster 

Addie and Harold Broitman 

Mar>' A. Bundy 

Mrs. John J. Bums and Lisa Burns 

Mr. and Mrs. Nathaniel Burt 


Betty Wold Johnson and Douglas F. Bushnel 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert O. Can- 
Edward T Cone 
Judith Brodsky and Michael Curtis 
Lydia de Botton-Edrei 
Micaela de LigneroUes 
Rysia de Ravel 
Katherine and Robert Del Tufo 
Elena V. Alexeeva and Pierre R. Deligne 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Dennison 
Judi and Sam deTuro 
Marlene and Aiden Doyle 
Mr. and Mrs. K. Philip Dresdner 
Jack Ellis 
Liz and Jon Erickson 
Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen 

(Nathaniel Bun deceased ]uly 1 , 2003} 
(Jacquelin Foundation Fund at PACE) 

Wendy and Larry Evans 
Lynne and Robert Eagles 


Institute for advanced study 

H. Dana Fearon III 

Dr. and Mrs. Jerome K. Freedman 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Gallagher 

Diana Garrett 

Linda and Steve Gecha 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Geddes 

Mrs. Walter F. Gips, Jr. 

(Gips Fund of the Princeton Area Community 


Rachel and Charles Gray 

Mr. and Mrs. Alan R. Griffith 

Suzanne Keller and Charles Haar 

Lisa and Richard Hagerty 

Mr. cind Mrs. Harleston J. Hall, Jr. 

Joan and Jack Hall 

Robert F. Hendrickson 

Drs. Frances and Simeon Hutner 

Janina M. Issawi 

Jacqueline and James H. Johnson 

Jeanne Perantoni and Bruce Jordan 

Florence and Steven Kahn 

Arianne and Allen Kassof 

Elizabeth F. and Walter Kauzmann 

Mary P. Keating 

Nora and Jack Kerr 

Yong Hui Kim 

Helen Burke and Allan King 

Shirley Kobak 

Gail Kohn 

Mr. and Mrs. Immanuel Kohn 

Dr. Arthur and Evelyn Krosnick 

Helene and Russell Kulsrud 

George Labalme, Jr. 

Louisa G. Lambert 

Karen C. Hegener and Samuel W Lambert III 

Mr. and Mrs. Peter Lawson-Johnston 

Mr. and Mrs. William T. Lifland 

Nancy and Pablo Lorenzo 

Sharon and Frank Lorenzo 

P. J. Lucchesi 

James Lynch 

Pamela and Roland Machold 

Melinda and James MacKenzie 

Jane L. and Robert S. MacLennan 

Emily Rose and James H. Marrow 

James F Mathis 

Professor and Mrs. James R. McCredie 

Charles W McCutchen 

Harriette and John McLoughlin 

Jackie and Cy Meisel 

Susan Merians 

Mrs. F. Merle-Smith 

Barbara F Graham and Theodore S. Meth 

Linda and Ned Morgens 

Ann and Craig Muhlhauser 

Mr. and Mrs. Michael J. Myers 

Etsuko Nakajima 

Mary Peterson O'Leary 

Caroline and John Pallat 

Mrs. Robert R. Palmer 

Jean and Larry Parsons 

Fayne and Sam Petok 

Jacquie and Woody Phares 

George Pitcher 

Ann and Conrad Plimpton 

Dorothy and Charles Plohn, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Richard G. Poole 

Melanie and Michael Rauch 

Frances F and Eric H. Reichl 

Millard M. Riggs, Jr. 

Laura and William Riley 

Rebecca and Christopher Roberts 

Harriet and David Robertson 

Karen and Lary Robins 

Diane D. and Leon E. Rosenburg 

Miriam O. Rosengarten 

William M. Roth 

Mr. and Mrs. Allen I. Rowe 

Nancy and James Russell 

Ingrid and Bernard Saint-Donat 

Carolyn and George Sanderson 

Andrew J. Schatkin 

Dr. William H. Scheide 

Alice and David Sengstack 

Pamela Aarons and Saul Skoler 

Margaret and Robert Slighton 

Roberta and Fred Slivon 

David Smith 

Marjorie and David Smith 

Marjtirie R. and Stanley C. Smoyer 

Margaret R. Spanel 

Joshua L. Steiner 

Fritz Stem 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. Taplin, Jr. 

(Frank E. Taplin, ]r. deceased May 1 1 , 2003) 

Harry J. and Alice A. Tashjian 

Penny and Ted Thomas 

Judith and John Thomson 

Kathrin Poole and Howard Tomlinson 

Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin B. Tregoe 



Mr. .uui Mrs. Jesse I. Treii Caroline S. and F. Helmut Weymar 

Gail and Richard UUman Laura and Roscoe White 

James R. Utaski Mr. and Mrs. Jnhn J. Wise 

Harriet and Jay Vawter Alice Y. Yi and Peter 1. Yi, M.D. 

Dr. and Mrs. Fong Wei 
Renee and Theixlore Weiss 
(Theodore Weiss deceased April 15, 2003) 


Institute for advanced study 


William Abikoff 

Alan Adolphson 

Susan Ames 


James G. Arthur 

Bulent Atalay 

Giles Auchmury 

Fernande Auslander* 

(In memory of Louis Auslander) 

Claude Bardos 

Christopher Baswell 

Felice and Paul Bateman* 

Steve Batterson 

Greg Bayer 

Brigitte Miriam Bedos-Rezak 

Anna S. Benjamin 

Paul Berg 

Sandra Bermann 

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Bernard 

Henry and Leigh Bienen 

David Bjelajac 

John Boler 

Armand Borel 

(deceased August 1 1 , 2003) 

Philippe Borgeaud 

John David Breit and Fanette Pollack* 

Ward Briggs 

Susan Brison 

John B. Bronzan 

Joseph E. Brown 

Virginia Brown 

Nicholas Buchdahl 

Glenn Richard Bugh 

Claude Calame 

James C. Cantrell 

Vicki Caron 

John Whiteclay Chambers II 

Heng Huat Chan 

Hoi Fung Chau 

Anne L. Clark 

Ed Cline and Holly Van Auken* 

Kevin and Jacquelyn Clinton 

Getzel M. Cohen 

Richard M. Cohn 

Owen Connelly 

Maria and Bruno Ct)ppi 

Mr. and Mrs. Dario A. Covi 

Vincent F. Cowling 

Charles W Curtis 

John W. Dawson, Jr. 

Lydia de Botton-Edrei 

(In memory of Professor Albert Edrei) 

Percy Deift 

Jacob C. E. Dekker 

Kequan Ding and Xiaomei Liu 

Walter Dittrich 

Willis Doney 

J. L. Doob 

Robert S. Doran 

Ronald G. Douglas 

Susan B. Downey 

Pierre and Julia Du Prey 

Lester E. Dubins 

Mary Maples Dunn and Richard S. Dunn 

Loyal Durand 

William Duren 

Clifford J. Earle 

Bruce S. Eastwood* 

Paul E. Ehrlich 
Dale F. Eickelman 

Carole K. Fink 

Thomas R. Flynn 

Gerald B. FoUand 

Uene Forsyth 

Dan Freed and Sonia Paban 

John Freed 

Karl Galinsky 

Dr. and Mrs. Reinhold W Gebert 

Ross Geoghegan 

Murray Gerstenhaber 

Charles C. Gillispie 

Leslie C. and June Glaser 

George Glauberman 

James Glazebrook 

Daniel and Ryoko Goldston 

Andrew P. Gould 

John C. Greene 

Michel Gros 

Erich Gruen 

Mauro F. Guillen 

Robert Gutman 

Mary-Elizabeth Hamstrom 

* Major donor to AMIAS 



Michele Hannoush 

Bert Hansen 

Jane Hathaway 

Lily Harish-(."handra* 

D. C. HcK,i;ie 

Henry Helson 

Ginette and Leon Henkin 

Robert C. Howell 

Michel Huglo 

J. E. Humphreys 

Spyros E. lakovidis 

Richard L. Ingraham 

Ron and Gail Irving 

Walter A. Jackson 

Howard Jacohson 

James J. John 

Aravind K. Joshi 

OUi K. Jussila 

Goro Kato 
Michael B. Kat: 
Takahiro Kawai 
Akio Kawauchi 
E. S. and M. H. Kennedy 
Toichiro Kinoshita 
Helmut Klingen 
Marvin I. Knopp 

Dorothy Ko 
Milton R. Konvitz 

A. A. Kosinski 

Masatake Kuranishi 

John Kwan 

Henry and Julie Landau 

(In memory of Harry Woolf) 

William E. Lang* 

Charlotte and Robert Langlands 

Richard Lashof 

Anatoly Libgober 

Hans Wolfgang Lieb 

David and Marcia Lieberman 

Joram Lindenstrauss 

Juan J. Lin: 

Ming-Chit Liu 

Stuart R Lloyd 

J.J. Loeffel 

Michael Maas 

Pierre A. MacKay 

Bob MacPherson 

Gregory Maertz 

Harold Mah 

Andrew Markoe 

Fouad J. Ma.srieh 

Michael P. Mezzatesta 

Erika and Ernest Michael* 

Henry and Judith Millon 

Vernon Hyde Minor 

Maria Teresa Marabini Moevs 

Lloyd and Dorothy MiKite 

Carlos J. Moreno 

John Morgan 

David R. Morrison 

Serge Moscovici 

Paul S. Mostert 

C. J. Mozzochi 

Benjamin I. Nadel 

Melvyn B. Nathanson 

Catharine Newbury 

Y. Jack Ng 

Mary Jo Nye 

Timothy O'Meara 

Takashi Ono 

Peter Orlik 

Sherry B. Ortner 

Martin Ostwald 

Burt Ovrut 

Richard S. Palais and Chuu-Lian Temg 

Leonard Parker 

Francois Paschoud 

James V. Peters 

Uya Piatetski-Shapiro 

David Pingree 

John C. Polking* 

Karla PoUmann 

Carlo Poni 

William L. Pressly 

Michael C. J. Putnam 

Theodore K. Rabb 

Susan E. Ramirez 

M. M. Rao 

Claudia Rapp 

Richard T. Rapp 

John G. Ratcliffe 

Jerome R. Ravetz 

Margaret A. Readdy 

B. P Reardon 

Erica Reiner 

Jean-Paul Rey-Coquais 

Roger E. Reynolds 

R J. Rhodes 

* Major donor to AMIAS 


Institute for advanced study 

L. Richardson, Jr. 

Melvin Richter 

Jennifer T. Roberts 

Paul Rorem 

Renato Rosaldo 

Myriam Rosen-Ayalon 

Hans Samelson 

Lyman Tower Sargent 

Ichiro Satake 

Dr. and Mrs. Robert E. Schofield 

John Schrecker 

Domenico Sella 

Freydoon Shahidi 

Richard B. Sher 

Allan J. Silberger 

Maxine F. Singer* 

Robert C. Sleigh, Jr. 

T. A. Springer 

Harold Stark 

Jim Stasheff 

Maria and Robert Steinberg 

Clarence F. Stephens 

George Sterman 

Ronald J. Stem 

Wilhelm StoU 

Susan M. Stuard 

R. Richard Summerhill 


Richard Talbert 

John Edwin Talbott 

Tsuneo Tamagawa 

David Tepper 

H. S. Thayer 

Franklin Toker 

Salvatore Torquato 

Howard G. Tucker 

A. Richard Turner 

Denis Twitchett 

Francine Frankel and Douglas Vemey 

Andrei Verona 

Linda Ehrsam Voigts 

Samuel S. Wagstaff, Jr. 

Jonathan Wahl 

John Walsh* 

John H. Walter 

Robert K. Webb 

David Weinberg and Lisa Florman 

John Wermer 

Sally S. Whiteman 

J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr. 

Karen K. Uhlenbeck and Robert F. Williams 

Robert L. Wilson 

Dr. and Mrs. Louis Witten 

John W. Wood 

Hung-Hsi Wu 

Dieter Wuttke 

Paul C P Yang* 

York- Peng Edward Yao 

Mitsuru Yasuhara 

M. Crawford Young 

Jing Yu 

J. K. Zawodny 

Gaoyong Zhang 

Emst-Wilhelm Zink 

* Major donor to AM IAS 




Stephen L. Adier 

BamherKer-AUen Health &. Education Foundatit)n 

The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter- Day Saints Foundation 

Gerald R. Daynes 

Enes Dedi>vic 

Janet and Arthur Eschenlauer 

Professor and Mrs. Harold Falk 

The J. Paul Getty Trust* 

Rachel and Charles Gray 

(In memory of Frank E. Tallin, Jr.) 

James F. Hawkins 

Sally and Jim Hill 

(/n memory of Frank E. Taplin, }r.) 

Hudson City Savings Bank* 

IBM International Foundation* 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Jaffin 

(In memory of Frank E. Taplin, ]r.) 

Zinovy Kravets 

George Lahalme, Jr. 

(In memory of Frank E. Taplin, ]r.) 

Microsoft Corporation* 

Nancy Michell 

Louise J. Morse 

Althea Grace Pineda 

R.J. Reynolds Foundation* 

Eugene R. Speer 

Fritz Stem and Elizabeth Sifton 

Donald B. Straus 

(In memory of Frank E. Taplin, Jr.) 

June W. Allison and Stephen Tracy 

Utah Families Foundation 

Verizon Foundation* 

Howard D. Weinhrot 


Shirley Dwork 

J. Lionel Gossman 

Patricia Lahalme 

(deceased October 1 1 , 2002) 

Peter Paret 

Fritz Stem 

Sybil L. Stokes 

Michael Walzer 

Matching gift to an individual contribution 


Institute for advanced study 


The Institute for Advanced Study acknowledges with gratitude all those who have made gifts in mem- 
ory of Leon Levy. Mr. Levy, a Trustee from 1988 until his death in April 2003, served as Chair of the 
Executive and Finance Committees, Vice Chairman of the Board, and President of the Corporation. 
Mr. Levy was a generous donor during his lifetime, and the Institute is now privileged to be the recip- 
ient of contributions commemorating this extraordinary member of our community. 

Herve Aaron 

Avatar Holdings Inc. 

Peter A. Bauer 

Peter Behr 

Nina Berg 

Gail W. Berry 

Gail Billig and Evelyn Kenvin 

Alan and Melinda Blinkin 

Ludwig Bravmann 

Caliper Management Inc. 

Sam Y. Cross 

Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman 

Milton H. Dresner 

Electra Partners, Inc. 

Elisabeth Familian 

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur A. Feder 

Helene Fischer 

Glorious Food, Inc. 

Catherine N. Goulandris 

Mr. and Mrs. George D. Gould 

Rachel and Charles Gray 

Greater Talent Network, Inc. 

Monroe E. Haas 

Hobbs Incorporated 

Pamela and Brian Hughes 

Adam Hurwich 

Institute for Mediterranean Studies 

Mr. and Mrs. Erwin Kelen 

George Labalme, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Todd Lang 

Martin L. Leibowitz 

Edward E. Matthews 

The McKenzie Foundation 

Joseph E. Mele 

Mildred H. Miller 

G. I. Moratis and Family 

Roy R. and Marie S. Neuberger Foundation, Inc. 

Mr. and Mrs. Herberto Oliva 

Oppenheimer Funds, Inc. 

Mr. and Mrs. Alan Parker 

Laura Pels 



Ani;inJ;i Remus 

Mr. anJ Mrs. Arthur Rock 

Rosen Consulting Group 

The Rosen Family 

Mr. and Mrs. E. John RosenwalJ, Jr. 

Eric Foster Schmidt 

Michael Sedor and Elizabeth A. Adams 

Hershel Shanks 

Eleanor Sheldon 

William G. Spears 

Mr. and Mrs. Ira N. Toff 

Helen Sonnenher^ Tucker 

Regina UUendorff 

Dietrich \on Bothmer 

Lulu C. Wang 

Warshaw Burstein Cohen Schlesinger &. Kuh, LLP 

J.C.Y. Watt 

Weil, Gotshal & Manges Foundation Inc. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dave H. Williams 

James D. and Elaine Wolfensohn 

Brian Wruhle 


Institute for advanced study 


The Institute for Advanced Study is deeply appreciative of gifts in fiscal year 2003 
designed to provide annual support tor Professorships and Memberships. 


W.M. Keck Visiting Associate in Cosmology 

hy the W.M. Keck Foundation 

Two-Year Mellon Visiting Professorship 
hy The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation 

Distinguished Visiting Professorship 
by The Ambrose Monell Foundation 

New Jersey Albert Einstein Professorship 
by the State of New Jersey 


American Council of Learned Societies 


Friends of the Institute for Advanced Study 

Gerda Henkel Stiftung 

Hubble Space Telescope Fellowships 

W. M. Keck Foundation 

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation 

The Ambrose Monell Foundation 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

National Endowment for the Humanities 

National Science Foundation 

State of New Jersey 

Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory 

Space Telescope Science Institute 

Fritz Thyssen Stiftung 

United States Department of Energy 



The Institute for Advanced Study continues to he grateful to dotiors for their past generosity in 
providing major gifts to estahlish endowed Professorships and Memherships. 


Richard Black Professorship 

Alhert O. Hirschman Professorship 

IBM von Neumann Professorship 

George F. Kennan Professorship 

Harold F Linder Professorship 

Andrew W. Mellon Professorship 

Charles Simonyi Professorship 

UPS Foundation Professorship 

Hermann Weyl Professorship 


The Bell Companies Fellowship 

Martin A. and Helen Chooljian Membership 

Edward T Cone Membership in Music Studies 

The Coming Glass Works Foundation Fellowship 

Geiuge William Cottrell, Jr. Membership 

Deutsche Bank Memberships 

Elizabeth and J. Richardson Dilvvorth Fellowships in Historical Studies 

The EUentuck Fund 

The 50th Anniversary Fellowship in Social Science 

Richard B. Fisher Membership 

Marvin L. Goldberger Membership 

The Hetty Goldman Membership Fund 

The Florence Gould Foundation 

Agnes Gund and Daniel Shapiro Membership 

The Ralph E. and Doris M. Hansmann Membership 

The Herodotus Fund 

The IBM Einstein Fellowships 

Hans Kohn Membership 

The Andrew W Mellon Foundation 

Otto Neugebauer Fund 

Patrons' Endowment Fund 

Raymond and Beverly Sackler Foundation 

Tlie Sivian Fund 

Frank and Peggy Taplin Memherships 

The Oswald Veblen Fund 

TTie von Neumann Fund 

The Weyl Fund 

Edwin C. and Elizabeth A. Whitehead Fellowship 

The James D. Wolfensohn Fund 


" ^^^^he Institute provides an ideal environment for writing 
I and research.... Interaction with Faculty professors and 
JL fellow Members, informally, and through seminars and 
workshops, offers benefit and pleasure. It is extremely valuable to 
be able to discuss ideas with a community of international scholars 
who, although they may be working in seemingly remote and 
refined fields , are congenitally curious about the research of 
others; there are often surprising conjunctions of interest." 

— Member, School of Historical Studies 

West Building, home of the School of Historiccd Studies and the School of Social Science 





GILES CONSTABLE (ihr-ugh l2-il-02) 

PATRICIA CRONE, AnJrcw W. Mellon Professor 

JOS£ CUTILEIRO, GcorKe F Kennan Professor 




Two-Year Mel/on Visiting Professor 

Professors Emeriti 


GILES CONSTABLE {as of 1-1-Oi) 







TTie School of Historical Studies is concerned principally with the history of Western 
European, Near Eastern, and East Asian civilizations. Both inside and outside these 
broad areas of study Faculty and Members have pursued a wide range of topics. The 
emphasis has been traditionally strong in the fields of Greek and Roman civilization, 
Western Medieval history, early modem and modem European history, but over time the 
School's interests have been enlarged to include Islamic culture, the history of China and 
Japan; international relations, the history of art, science, and ideas, and more recently; 
music studies. Well over one thousand Members have come to the School since its foun- 
dation, and their work here in these and other areas of research has regularly been 
enriched by the fruitful interaction of disciplines in a small and coUegial community. 

The various fields represented by the School are a product of its own history. Two years 
after the opening of the School of Mathematics in 1933, a School of Economics and 
Politics and a School of Humanistic Studies were established. In Humanistic Studies, the 
first professor, Benjamin Dean Meritt, a specialist in Greek epigraphy, was closely associ- 
ated with excavations in the Athenian Agora. The second appointment to the Faculty of 
the School of Humanistic Studies was that of the German art historian Erwin Panofsky. 

•The School was deeply saddened by the death of Kirk Vamedoe from cancer on August 14, 2003. Although 
he served at the Institute only a year and a half, Professor Vamedoe seemed to pack a lifetime of erudition, 
eloquence and energy into that brief time. This is reflected below in his report on his activities in his final 
academic year. His legacy is enormous and he is deeply missed. 


Institute for advanced study 

Panofsky's work ranged across European art from the Middle Ages to motion pictures, but 
he was most closely associated with the development of the field of iconology. 

Three additional appointments strengthened the field of classical and Near Eastern stud- 
ies: Elias Avery Lowe, a Latin palaeographer; Ernst Her:feld, a Near Eastern archaeolo- 
gist, and Hetty Goldman, a pioneering woman archaeologist, who worked at Tarsus in 
Turkey. Modem history was represented at the Institute from the outset with the 
appointment of the military and political historian Edward M. Earle. Earle was an origi- 
nal member of the School of Economics and Politics, which merged in 1949 with the 
School of Humanistic Studies to become the School of Historical Studies. 

After World War 11, classical studies were further augmented by the appointments of 
Homer A. Thompson in Greek archaeology, Harold F. Cherniss in Greek philosophy, and 
Andrew Alfoldi in Roman history and numismatics. Medieval history came to the 
Institute Faculty with Ernst Kantorowicz, whose interests ranged in time from the later 
phases of classical antiquity to the sixteenth century. The art historical tradition was 
taken over from Panofsky by Millard Meiss, who completed his work on Burgundian 
manuscript painting during his years at the Institute. 

Additional fields came with the appointments of Sir Ernest Llewelyn Woodward in diplo- 
matic history, James F Gilliam in Roman military history and papyrology, Kenneth M. Set- 
ton in medieval relations between the Papacy and the Levant, and Felix Gilbert in Renais- 
sance as well as modem German history. A new term professorship in honor of George F. 
Kennan brought Jack F Matlock, Jr. to the School as the first Kennan professor in interna- 
tional relations. Many of the major scholars who came to the Institute in the decades after 
World War 11 are still active in School affairs. These are the current faculty and emeriti, 
whose reports appear below. Their work illustrates the School's continued dedication to 
fields of historical inquiry that it has long supported, while maintaining an ongoing open- 
ness to new areas as reflected in the School's support over the past several years of a series of 
term-appointments at the faculty level in the field of East Asian history. Recognizing the 
value this new perspective brought to the range of study within the School led to the deci- 
sion to seek a permanent appointment in the field, which will be taken up in the coming 
academic year by Professor Nicola Di Cosmo. As in the past, the School will continue in 
the years to come to encourage the exploration or creation of new fields of historical inquiry 
and the breaking down of traditional academic boundaries. 



PROFESSOR GLEN BOWERSOCK participated in numerous .symposia and confer- 
ences in the course of the past academic year. In the autumn of 2002, he spoke on the 
Jewish kingdom of South Arabia in late antiquity at a symposium in Rome under the 
joint auspices of the Istituto Italiano per I'Africa e I'Oriente and the Accademia dei 
Lincei. A few weeks later, he delivered a paper on cults of the Highest God for a collo- 
quium in Bordeaux on the Black Sea in antiquity. At the Toronto meetings of the Amer- 
ican Society of Biblical Literature and the American Schools of Oriental Research, 
Professor Bowersock gave a paper on Nabataean onomastics and responded to a panel 
discussion of his book, Martyrdom and Rome. In the spring of 2003, at a conference in 



Catiinia devoted to the work ot M. I. Rostovt:eti, he spoke on the historian's little known 
Kxik, published in Petrograd in 1^18, on the birth ot the Roman Empire. He later went 
to Heidelberg to speak on Artemidonis' l\eam B<.Hik at a conference on the Second 
Sophistic, and to Pisa to give two semitiars at the Scuola Nortnale Superiore - one on 
Augustaii Athens, the other on the tirst basilica ot St. Peter in Rome. Finally, he >jave 
the inaugural lectures, on continuity and discontinuity in history, tor the newly estab- 
lished Istituto di Studi Unianistici in Florence. 

Professor Bowersock returned to Helsinki, along with former Institute member Alan 
Bowman ot Oxford, to continue work on an advisory committee tor the Academy of Fin- 
land with responsibility tor supervising the work ot a Fiiinish team of archaeologists and 
papyrologists at Petra in Jordan and a Finnish project for cataloguing the library of the 
Patriarchate ot Alexandria. He also continued as a member ot the consiglio scientifico of 
the Istituto in Florence and ot the editorial committees of several journals. He supervised 
arrangements tor cataloguing the archive of Louis Robert, ot which he is in charge, at the 
Institut de France in Paris, and he went to Paris to work out procedures for access to the 
archive and publication of its inedita. Professor Bowersock also joined a group of schol- 
ars to introduce the Metropolitan Opera's new production of Berlioz's opera Les Troyens 
through a symposium in New York, at which he lectured on Berlioz's use of Virgil's Aeneid. 
His publications in the past academic year included articles on philosophy in the Second 
Sophistic, central Syria in late antiquity, the historian Zosimus, and Edward Gibbon, as 
well as several reviews for the general public. In the Italian journal Rivista Storica Italiana, 
he added a response to several papers, published there, about his work on late antiquity. 

PROFESSOR CAROLINE WALKER BYNUM spent the fall of 2002 at the American 
Academy in Berlin, where she did research on titteenth-century cult sites in Mecklenburg 
and Brandenburg. She joined the faculty of the Institute in January 2003 and has spent 
much ot the spring learning her new environment. In 2002-03, she published an article on 
violent imager^' in late medieval piety and one on the cult ot the blood of Christ - both 
articles adumbrating the themes of the book on blood piety that continues to he her major 
research project. She also published (with her student Susan Kramer) an article on the 
issue of twelfth-century individualism that she first discussed twenty years ago. Two essays 
on topics not strictly speaking medieval appeared in the journal Common Knowledge. She 
wrote two book reviews, a long encyclopedia article on soul and body in the Middle Ages, 
an article on gender in the writings of Gertrude of Helfta, and an essay tor an Oxford Uni- 
versity Press volume on medieval soteriology. She gave lectures in Berlin, Muenster, Frank- 
furt, Helfta, Poznan, Jerusalem, New York (The Woodrow Wilson Foundation), London 
(The Victoria and Albert Museum), Cambridge Mass. (The Radcliffe Institute), and spoke 
at a workshop in Leeds, England, organized around her essay "Wonder," published in the 
American Historical Review in 1997. She continued to work with Columbia University dis- 
sertation students and, in spring 2003, held an informal reading class for Columbia gradu- 
ate students preparing for oral exams. She serves on the Board of the National Humani- 
ties Center and on the Selection Committee for the Yad-Hanadiv Foundation in Jerusalem, 
and is a mentor for the German Historical Institute Transatlantic Seminar tor German and 
American Doctoral Students. 

PROFESSOR PATRICIA CRONE sent her book on medieval Islamic political thought 
to press and completed three articles. One of her articles in press appeared. So too did an 
unauthorized Arabic translation, by a Syrian intellectual, of her first book, written with 


Institute for advanced study 

Michael Cook, which is somewhat unfortunate, given the current political situation. She 
delivered lectures at McGill and the Institute in November, taught a graduate seminar on 
the impact of the Turkish invasions on Islamic culture at the University ot Pennsylvania 
in the spring semester, acted as discussant at two conferences at the same university, one 
on the Koran in February and another on medieval Islamic thought in March, contributed 
a paper to a conference on toleration in medieval Islam at New York University in May, 
and organized her own conference on the Greek strand in medieval Islamic thought at the 
Institute in June. As in previous years, she ran two seminars at the Institute, one the time- 
honored Islamicist seminar and the other a new 'empire group'. Both her conference and 
her empire group were interdisciplinary, both were international, and both were based on 
the rule that no papers could be read in the proceedings, so that the gatherings could be 
used entirely for discussions (which is not as easily achieved as it sounds). But the par- 
ticipants in the empire group were mostly members of the Institute who proved to have 
an interest in the behavior of empires, whereas the participants in the conference were 
Islamicists supplemented by classicists, Syriacists, and European medievalists who were 
specially brought in from diverse parts of the world (Britain, Germany, France, Italy, 
Lebanon, Morocco, and the States), and whereas the empire group operated without for- 
mal papers, the conference was based on formal papers submitted in advance and selec- 
tions of texts for reading and/or discussion in specially appointed text sessions (an inno- 
vation that worked better at some times than at others). Crone also continued to com- 
mission titles for her new series, "Makers of the Muslim World", to be published by 
Oneworld, for which the first manuscripts began to arrive over the summer. 

PROFESSOR JOSE CUTILEIRO lectured at Le Centre Europeen de la Culture and at 
the Department of Political Science of the University of Geneva on European defense and 
security. He took part in the Seventh Arrahida Meeting, chaired by Lord Carrington, on 
transatlantic relations, European institutional architecture, and Iraq and the West after 
the war, held in Arrabida, Portugal. He participated in meetings of the International 
Institute of Strategic Studies (Washington). He published a book on the Yugoslav crisis 
of the 1990s: Vida e Morte dos Outros - A comuniioAe xmevnaciond. e o fim da Jugoslavia, 
Imprensa de Ciencias Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, 2003; and two articles "A Bosnia- 
Herzegovina revisitada - A proposito do livro de Brendan Simms, 'Untinest Hour'", in 
Politica Intemacional, no. 26, Fall-Winter, 2002 and "O Alto Comissariado das Na^oes 
Unidas para os Direitos do Homem" in Na0o e Defesa, no. 104, Spring, 2003. He is 
preparing an expanded English version of the Yugoslav book and continues working 
on the general question of humanitarian intervention. To pursue his research, he has 
traveled to Belgium, Britain, France, Portugal, and Switzerland. He is a member of the 
Steering Committee of the Arrabida Meetings, a co-director of the Arrabida Conflict 
Prevention Initiative, Lisbon, and a member of the Council of International Advisors of 
the Conflict Management Group, Cambridge, Mass. He kept a regular column of inter- 
national affairs commentary in Expresso, the most prestigious Portuguese weekly. As Spe- 
cial Representative of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights tor Bosnia- 
Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, he visited each of these two coun- 
tries twice, in November of 2002 and March of 2003. He presented the reports of his field 
missions to the Commission's plenary session in Geneva in March 2003. 

He organized the following two lectures at the Institute: 
December 9, 2002 

'A European (British) View of the Struggle against Terrorism' 
GENERAL LORD GUTHRIE, Former UK Chief of Defense Staff 



March 5, 2003 

'American Foreign Policy in an Age ot Preeminence' 

STROBE TALBOTT, President, Brookings Institution 

Several volumes edited hy PROFESSOR JOSHUA FOGEL are due to appear later this 
year. Based on an international conference supported hy both the Japan Foundation and 
the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation, the eleven essays in "The Role of Japan in Liang 
Qichao's Introduction ot Modern Western Civili:ation to China," edited hy Fogel and to 
he published hy the Institute ot East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, take 
up various aspects ot the lite and work of Liang Qichao (1873-1929), the most important 
Chinese joumalist-publicist-intellectual of the late nineteenth and early twentieth cen- 
turies. Liang provides a window onto the immense impact Japan and Japan-as-a-conduit- 
for-things- Western had on China at this time. The product of an international conterence 
held in Santa Barbara, Calif in 1999, "Late Qing China and Meiji Japan: Political and 
Cultural Aspects ot Their Interactions" ( edited hy Fogel), will be published by East 
Bridge Press. It is comprised ot eight scholarly essays concerned with Sino-Japanese polit- 
ical and cultural interactions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Fogel 
penned the introductions to both volumes, respectively: "Liang Qichao and Japan" and 
"Integrating Late Qing China and Meiji Japan." He also translated or co-translated four 
of the essays for the former volume (two from Chinese and two from Japanese). 

Fogel also recently completed a draft translation of a massive historical novel. Chronicle 
of the Tatar Whirlwind: A Novel ot Seventeenth-Century East Asia, by Shiha Ryotarci. 
TTie novel concerns the background to the Manchu conquest of China in 1644 by 
following the fictitious lives of a Japanese and a Manchu woman who find themselves in 
countless theaters over the course of the two decades or more leading up to that dramat- 
ic event. It will he published by Kodansha International as part of a series of translations 
from the voluminous works of Shiba Ryotaro (1923-96), the great historical novelist. 

"An Important Japanese Source for Chinese Business History" is a short essay Fogel wrote 
for the newsletter Chinese Business History (vol. 12.2, Fall 2002). It introduces a little 
known source, a Japanese newspaper published in the mid- 1880s in Shanghai. His piece, 
"Naito Konan (1866-1934) and Chinese Historiography," appeared in the inaugural issue 
of Historiography : East and West (2003). It examines the views on Chinese historiography 
of the great Japanese sinologist, Naito Konan. This journal is completely on-line with 
articles appearing in a host of languages and summaries in English and Chinese. 

For volume 15 (2003) of the journal he founded in 1988, Sino-japanese Studies, Fogel 
translated an essay entitled "Asian Female Sovereigns and the Empress Wu," by Araki 
Toshio. TTiis essay examines the extraordinary phenomenon of the many women who 
ruled in East Asian countries: Japan, Korea, China, and a mysterious Southeast Asian 
land known only in Chinese sources as "Dongnii guo" (Country of the Eastern Women), 
from the late sixth through the late eighth centuries. 

The conference he organized at the Institute in February 2002 on the theme of "How Did 
'China' Become China and How Did 'Japan' Become Japan: TTie Teleologies of the Mod- 
em Nation-.State," has since been edited and accepted for publication by the University of 
Pennsylvania Press. Fogel wrote the introductory essay (from his keynote address at the 
conference), entitled "The Teleology of the Nation-State." 


Institute for advanced study 

Over the course of the year, 2002-03, Fogel gave a number of scholarly talks. These 
included an analysis of Japanese historical fiction and its translation (at both the East 
Asian Studies Seminar, IAS, in October 2002, and at a conference in Banff in November 
2002). More closely attuned to his present research on the emergence and development 
of the Japanese community of Shanghai in the nineteenth century were several talks he 
gave on the subject of "Prostitutes and Painters: Early Japanese Migrants to Shanghai" (at 
the Shelby Cullom Davis Center Colloquium, Princeton University, November 8, 2002; 
at the Luce Center, Yale University, January 31, 2003; and at Ohio State University, May 
7, 2003). On February 26, 2003, he delivered the annual Faculty Lecture for the School 
of Historical Studies, entitled "The Nanjing Massacre and Chinese Historical Memory." 

In February 2003, Fogel organized a conference, again supported by the Andrew J. Mel- 
lon Foundation, entitled "Is It Really Like Kissing through a Handkerchief? Reading and 
Translation from Chinese and Japanese." He gave the keynote address: "On the Tasks of 
the Translator." The participants included: David Knechtges (University of Washing- 
ton), Thomas Hare (Princeton University), Patrick Hanan (Harvard University), Perry 
Link (Princeton University), John Nathan (University of California, Santa Barbara), Jay 
Rubin (Harvard University), and Laurence Venuti (Temple University). Serving as dis- 
cussants were three Institute Members in East Asian studies: Martin Kern, Joachim Kurtz, 
and Hu Ying; and Janet Walker (Rutgers University). 

As he had in 2001-02, in 2002-03 Fogel organized and led the East Asian Studies Semi- 
nar at the Institute. 

During the academic year 2002-03, PROFESSOR JON ATHAN ISRAEL continued with 
his long-term project on the origins and history of the European Radical Enlightenment. 
Besides research in libraries and archives in London, The Netherlands, and Greece, he 
has been examining rare printed materials preserved today in the rare book collections at 
Princeton, Yale, Columbia, and at the Library of Congress, in Washington. He gave a 
talk on the present state of his research to the History Department at Princeton Univer- 
sity on 3 December. At the same time, he has continued contributing to the current 
debate on the subject of diasporas. His latest book, Diasporas Within a Diaspora, jews, 
Crypto-] ews arul the World Maritime Empires (1540-1740), a study of the trans- Atlantic 
network of Western Sephardic communities between the sixteenth and eighteenth 
centuries, was published by E.J. Brill, of Leiden, in August 2002. 

The idea of 'a radical Enlightenment' as the origin of modem ideas of equality, democra- 
cy, and freedom of the individual was the topic of a special session of the 26th annual 
conference of the Northeast American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 
(NEASECS), held at the City University of New York, in October 2002. Panel discus- 
sions of the main themes of the book were also held at the University of Venice, in 
November 2002, at the Technical University of Athens in April 2003, and at both the 
University of Groningen and the Institute of Historical Research, in London, in May. 

On 1 1 and 12 November, Professor Israel spoke on the 'Radical Enlightenment' first to a 
general and, then, to a more specialized group at Wesleyan University. On 22 November, 
he gave a paper on 'Vico and the Radical Enlightenment', at the international Vico con- 
ference held at the Fondazione Cini, in Venice, and on 20 March presented a paper on 
the 'Seventeenth-century Origins of Modern Democratic Republicanism' to the History 
of Political Thought Seminar, at Columbia University. He also spoke on the 'Rise of 



History ot Philosophy', at the international conference on the Teaching i>t History ot 
Philosophy held at Princeton University on 4 and 5 April 2003. He n^ive speeches on 
the career ot the famous British scholar Charles Boxer, at the conference held in the 
latter's merrmry, at Yale, in Novemher, and, on 24 March, on the career of the hihliogra- 
pher Anna Simoni, at the Dutch Emhassy, in London. On 20 May, he delivered the 2003 
annual 'Town and Gown' lecture of the city and University of Groningen, in The 
Netherlands, speaking about Groningen as a regional culture of the Dutch Golden Age. 
On 20 June, he held a half-day 'master-class' session discussing the research dissertations 
of a group of Amsterdam graduate students researching on aspects of early modem intel- 
lectual history and, the following day, gave a short 'inaugural' lecture on the Radical 
Enlightenment at the ceremony of induction as an honorary professor of the University 
of Amsterdam. Also in June, he attended the annual meetings of the curati>rium of the 
Huizinga Institute for Cultural History, in Amsterdam and the UCL Committee for the 
Promotion ot Low Countries Studies, attended by the Dutch and Belgian ambassadors, 
and other representatives from the Low Countries, in London. 

His shorter publications this year were: "Heinsius, Dutch Raison d'Etat, and the Reshaping 
ot the Baltic and Eastern Europe", in J.A.F de Jongste and A.J. Veenendaal (eds.) Anthonie 
Heinsuts and ihe Dutch Republic, 1688-1720 (The Hague, 2002), pp. 25-44; "Dutch History 
from the Perspective of World History" in Over de grenzen van de Nederlandse Geschiedenis. 
]ubileumsymposium van het Instituut voor Nederlaiidse Geschiedcnh 19 April 2002 (The 
Hague, 2002), pp. 25-33; "The Dutch Republic and the Silesian Revolt against the Habs- 
hurgs (1618-1625)," in M. Kapustka, A Ko:iel, and Piotr Os:c:anowski (eds.) Netherlan- 
dism in Silesia and Neighbouring Countries, (Wroclaw, 2002) pp. 18-24; and the 'Teylers Lec- 
ture on Radical Enlightenment' in Mededelingen van de Stichting Jacob Campo Weyerman 
(Haarlem) xxvi (2003), pp. 4-9. In addition, there were several book reviews. 

PROI^SOR KIRK VARNEEXDE taught a seminar in the autumn semester at The Insti- 
tute of Fine Arts of New York University, on Abstract Art Since Jackson Pollock. He 
also lectured extensively in the New York Area and around the country: In October, he 
delivered: the John I. K. Baur Distinguished Scholar in American Art lecture at the 
Katonah, N.Y. Museum of Art, on "Jackson Pollock and his Consequences;" the inau- 
gural lecture, on creative processes in modem art, of a benefit drive in support of the PBS 
series on contemporary artists, ART2 1 , at the auction room of Philips, de Pury, and Lux- 
embourg, in New York City; a talk on Van Gogh's portraits of the Aries postman Joseph 
Roulin, at the Telfair Museum in Savannah, Georgia; a lecture entitled "Gauguin's Truth- 
ful Lies," at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York; an analysis of the work of the 
contemporary artist Janine Antoni at Site Santa Fe in Santa Fe, New Mexico; and a 
focused examination on one Picasso collage, "Picasso's 'Guitar and Wine Glass' in Con- 
text," at the Marian Koogler McNay Museum in San Antonio, Texas. In November, he 
continued by giving: a lecture on "Instinct and Intelligence in Modem Art," in the 
context of the Chicago Humanities Festival, at the Art Institute of Chicago; the third 
annual Rembrandt Lecture at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, on the subject of private 
versus public patronage in the American and European museum systems; and a more 
informal talk to the curatorial staff of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Addition- 
ally, Professor Vamedoe was asked to speak on the subject of memorial sculptures in 
modem art, to a meeting of the special Advisory Council appointed by TT>e Lower 
Manhattan Development Corporation to consider the terms of an appropriate memorial 


Institute for advanced study 

commemorating the events of September 11, 2001 . Also in November, he pubhshed an 
essay on the artist Chuck Close in the catalogue of Close's exhibition at the Pace- 
Wildenstein Gallery in Chelsea. In December, he gave the principal address for the 
meeting of the American Academy of Arts and Science, at The Rockefeller University 
in New York City, on "Matisse, Picasso, and the Idea of Influence." In January of 2003, 
Professor Vamedoe delivered two lectures, on Scandinavian art and on Gustave Caille- 
botte, at Augustana College in Illinois, and worked on the installation - at The Museum 
of Modem Art's temporar>^ facility in Queens, N.Y. - of the internationally acclaimed 
exhibition "Matisse/Picasso." He was one of a six-member team of curators from London, 
Paris, and New York who had organized the exhibition and wrote its catalogue. Imme- 
diately following the opening of the show in Queens in February, he lectured on the exhi- 
bition, in the first annual Elsen Memorial Lecture, at The Society of the Four Arts in 
Palm Beach, FL. Along with co-curator John Elderfield, he also taped an hour-long inter- 
view about the exhibition, aired on the Charlie Rose show on PBS in May, an interview 
with Motley Safer for the CBS Sunday Morning program, and a briefer segment with 
Michael Kimmelman for the Arts and Entertainment network. The principal event of 
the spring ot 2003, for Professor Vamedoe, was the series of six Mellon Lectures, at the 
National Gallery of Art in Washington. Under the general title "Pictures of Nothing: 
Abstract Art Since Jackson Pollock," the lectures were delivered every Sunday afternoon, 
for the three weeks preceding Easter and the three weeks following, concluding on May 
11. As is traditional with the Mellon Lectures, these talks will, after revision and edit- 
ing, be published as a book. Professor Vamedoe also continued to serve on several boards, 
advisory councils, and selection committees, attached to institutions including 
The Nasher Sculpture Center in Dallas, the Japan Society in New York, The National 
Humanities Center in North Carolina, the Princeton University Art Museum, the 
Center for Scholars and Writers of the New York Public Library, and the Praemium 

PROFESSOR HEINRICH von STADEN contributed a paper on the ancient Greeks' 
therapeutic uses of sexual abstinence and sexual intercourse to an international confer- 
ence on Hippocratic medicine at the University of Newcastle in August 2002. In early 
October 2002, he gave a lecture ("A Small Epilepsy") on further aspects of this topic at 
the Institute of the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology of The Johns Hopkins 
University at a symposium honoring the late Owsei Temkin. In mid-October, he gave a 
lecture ("Galen on Alexandria and Egypt") at a conference on Alexandria at the Center 
for the Ancient Mediterranean, Columbia University, as well as the Samuel X. Radbill 
Lecture on "To Help or Not to Harm: Ethics in the Hippocratic Writings" at the College 
of Physicians in Philadelphia. In late October, he lectured at Indiana University 
(Department of Classics) on Hellenistic anatomy. In early November 2002, he gave a 
lecture at Franklin and Marshall College (Department of Classics) on the Hippocratic 
Oath. In mid-November, he contributed a paper on Galen ("Le daimon de Galien") to a 
symposium on "Rationnel et irrationnel dans la medecine antique et medievale" at the 
Centre Jean Paleme, Universite de Saint-Etienne. In December 2002, he served as a 
commentator at a symposium on "Global Science and Comparative History: Jesuits, 
Science, and Philology in China and Europe, 1550-1850" at Princeton University 
(Program in the History of Science and the Shelby Cullom Davis Center). In February 
2003, he lectured at Trinity College, Hartford, on "Health as a Moral and Non-Moral 
Concept: Greek and Roman Perspectives" at a conference on "The Meanings of Health." 
In early April 2003, he gave a lecture at the biennial conference of the Association 
of Members of the Institute for Advanced Study ("Human Dissection and Vivisection: 



Science, Religion, and Politics in Ancient Greece"). In late April, he gave the Roth- 
schild Lecture at Harsard University (Department of the History of Science) on ancient 
Greek moral, siKiai, and epistemolofjical responses to the inevitability of error and 
failure in the practice of medicine. In early May, he participated in the annual meeting 
of the American AssiKiation for the History of Medicine in Boston. In mid-May, he lec- 
tured at McGill University, Department of Social Studies ot Medicine, on "Souls, Nerves, 
and Machines in Hellenistic Medicine" at a symposium in honor of the late Don Bates. 

In March 2003, Professor von Staden was elected a Corresponding Member of the 
Akademie der Wissenschaften in Giittingen. His publications in the academic year 
2002-03 included: "Hos e/)i to [)oly: 'Hippocrates' Between Generalization and Individual- 
ization", in Le normal et le pathologiquc dans, la Collection hipjyocratiquc . Actcs du Xeme 
CoUoque Intenuitional Ht/if)()CTuritjue, ed. Antoine Thivel and Arnaud. Zucker (Nice, 
2002) pp. 23-43; "Division, Dissection, and Specialization: Galen's On the Parta of the 
Medical Techne", in The \Jnknowi\ Galen, ed. Vivian Nutton {Bulletin of the Imtitute of 
Classical Studies. London, Supplement 77, 2002), pp. 19-45; "L'CEil d'apres Herophile, 
Demosthene Philalethes et Aglaias de Byzance", in Autour de I'aeil dans I'Antiquiie. 
Approche plundisciplinaire . Table ronde de Lons-le-Saunier, ed. (Lons-le-Saunier, 2003), 
pp. 83-93; "A Woman Deies Not Become Ambidextrous: Galen and the Culture of Scien- 
tific Commentary", in The Classical Commentary. Histimes. Practices, Thetrry, ed. Roy K. 
Gibson and Christina Shuttleworth Kraus (Leiden, 2002), pp. 109-139. He continued 
serving on the editorial boards of several professional journals. 


PROFESSOR MARSHALL CLAGETT, while continuing the preparation of the fourth 
and last volume of his Ancient E^ptian Science, also continued his new studies of the Liber 
Cakulationum of the fourteenth-century philosopher and logician, Richard Swineshead 
of Menon College, Oxford. Furthermore, he continued serving on editorial boards of 
journals in the history of science. 

During the academic year 2002-0?, GILES CONSTABLE published a revised edition of 
the Libelliis de diversis ordinibus et professionibus qui sunt in aecclesia (Oxford, 2002) and two 
articles: "Individualism and Institutions in Medieval Religious Communities" and "The 
Three Lives of Odo Arpinus: Viscount of Bourges, Crusader, Monk of Cluny". He pub- 
lished a memoir of Steven Runciman and another (in collaboration with Alan Bernstein 
and William Courtenay) of Heiko Oberman, and prefaces to two volumes. He gave the 
keynote address at conferences in Admont (Austria), Claremont, and Florence; spoke at 
a conference in Auxerre; served as Lansdowne Lecturer at the University of Victoria; and 
lectured at LawTence University (Appleton, Wisconsin), Rutgers University, and Cornell 
University. He attended (without speaking) several conferences, including the annual 
medieval congress at Kalamazoo. 

PROFESSOR OLEG GRABAR taught a seminar on "The Holy and the Sacred in Islam- 
ic Art" at the University of Pennsylvania. He lectured on Persian painting at the Los 
Angeles County Museum, Brown University, and the University of Michigan; on Islam 
and icons or images at the Louvre in Paris and Princeton University, where he gave the 
annual Helen Seeger lecture; and on Islamic art and the West at Dartmouth College. He 
gave a communication at the Academic des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in Paris on 


Institute for advanced study 

"Portraits of Prophets," and participated in coUoquia at the Doris Duke Foundation in 
Honolulu on the state of the field of Islamic art, at UNESCO in Paris on the protection 
of monuments, and at La Tourette in France on sacred spaces. He was on the juries of 
doctoral dissertations at the University of Lausanne and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes in 
Paris. He received the honorary degree of Doctor ot Humane Letters at the University 
of Michigan and was made an honorary member of the Middle East Studies Association 
and of Middle Eastern Medievalists. He also co-edited an issue of RES devoted to 
Islamic art. 

Tlie following is a list of his publications which appeared during the year: "About a Brorue 
Bird," in E. Sears and TTielma K. Thomas, Reading Medieval Images (Ann Arbor, 2002), 
pp. 1 17-25; "Reves d'empire dans le monde de I'lslam," Olga Weber ed., Les Civilisations 
dans le regard de I'autre (UNESCO, Paris, 2002), pp. 153-160; "Foreword and Comments," 
A. Petruccioli and Kb. K. Pirani, Understanding Islamic Architecture (London, 2002), 
pp. IX-X, 8, 48; "Reflections on Qajar Art and its Significance," Iranian Studies, 34 (2001 ), 
183-186; and "What should one know about Islamic Art," RES 43 (2003), 5-11. 

PROFESSOR CHRISTIAN HABICHT attended an international symposium on Lud- 
wig Ross, the first general director of antiquities in Greece (1834-36) and first professor 
of archaeology at the University of Athens (1837-43), an event jointly sponsored by this 
University and the local German Archaeological Institute. He spoke on Ross as an 
epigraphist. The Institute's director introduced him to the spectacular new finds from 
spring 2002 at the Kerameikos: the kourus by the "Dipylon master" of ca. 600 B.C. and 
the other major sculptures found with it. From Athens, he went to Rhodes, since he was 
working on a major Rhodian topic; he visited the sites and museums and talked to the 
authorities in charge of the Archaeological Service. 

In November, he presented a seminar at Berkeley on "Greek Festivals Neglected." He 
declined two other invitations: to deliver the keynote address at a conference on "Rome 
and Achaia: Greek Culture and Roman Society" (University of Missouri, Columbia), and 
to attend a symposium at La Coruna, Spain, on "La figura del principe heredero en epoca 
helenistica", but agreed to contribute a paper on the Attalid monarchy, to be read and 
included in the Proceedings. 

At the invitation of the University of Hamburg, he gave in May the main speech at a 
memorial for Peter Herrmann, a close colleague and friend who had been his fellow 
student since 1950 and was his most active correspondent ever since (the deceased had 
twice been a member of the School of Historical Studies). Habicht also wrote his obitu- 
ary, to appear in Gnomon. 

He worked during the year on the chronology of the eponymous magistrates of Rhodes. 
Several hundreds are known for the Hellenistic period, most from amphora stamps, some 
fifty from inscriptions on stone. As in previous years, he .spent much time preparing, with 
the assistance of Julia Bernheim, the inventory of the Institute's collection of squeezes of 
Greek inscriptions, some 25,000. The work resulted this spring in a CD-ROM which was 
distributed to interested parties in the U.S. and abroad. He continued to serve on the 
Committee for the award of the Jefferson Medal of the American Philosophical Society. 

His publications were: "Ein Spartaner namens Sybariadcs?" Hypcrboreua 8, 2002; 



"Weitere Weihungen Geretteter," Hv/vidoivus 8, 2002. A lar^e miiiihcr ot iicccptcJ 
papers still await publication. 

PROFESSOR GEORGE KENNAN, now in his 100th year of age, enjoys himselt, when 
strength permits, by reading literature, historical and other, which he should have read, 
hut did not succeed in reading, many years ago. 

When temporarily in Washington at the end ot the 2002 summer, he chose to make a 
minor exception to what had been for some years his regular rule and gave brief answers 
to two questioners in the seriousness of whose discretion he had confidence. A portion 
of those responses, dealing with the predictable efiects of any purely military invasion of 
Iraq, was printed in the Letters to the Editor column of The New York Times some seven 
months later in their issue of May 16, 2003. 

PROFESSOR IRVING LAVIN continues to serve on the editorial boards of a number of 
scholarly journals, including Quademi d'italianistica, History of European Ideas, Art e 
Dossier, and Palkuiio, rivista di storia dell' architettura e restauro. He participated as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trustees of the SacraTech Foundation at St. Louis University. He 
gave a course of lectures at the Istituto Italiano per gli Studi Filosofici in Naples, and a 
number of lectures and papers presented at symposia, including: Accademia Nazionale 
dei Lincei, Rome; colloquium "11 Ritratto nell'Europa del Cinquecento," Palazzo Strozzi, 
Florence; Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice; Busch Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, Mass.; 
Academia Espanola de Historia, Arqueologia y Bella Artes, Rome, Italy. Publications 
include: "Les filles d'avignon. Picassos schopferische Summe von Zerstorungen," in 
Steingrim Laursen and Ostrud Westheider, eds., Picasso und die Mythen, exhib. cat., 
Hamburg, 2002, 42-55. 

PROFESSOR PETER PARET published An Arnst Against the Third Reich: Ernst Barlach, 
I933-J938 (Cambridge University' Press, 2003). He contributed two essays, "Bemerk- 
ungen zu einem 'seltsamen Freundespaar'" and "Zehii unbekannte Briefe Barlachs" to 
Ernst Barlach im Kurutsalon und Verlag Paul Cassirer, ed. Volker Probst and Helga Thieme, 
Giistrow, 2003, the catalogue of the exhibition of Barlach's works on which he collabo- 
rated and which opened on June 15, 2003. He also wrote an essay "Crossing Borders," 
which appeared in Histonca(l\ Speaking, IV, 2 (November 2002), as well as reviews in the 
American Historical Revieu* and in Central European History. 

Professor Paret has begun work on a new project in German cultural history, and is writ- 
ing papers on historiography and on the methodology of interdisciplinary studies for 
delivery at conferences in the fall and winter of 2003 in this country and in Europe. 

PROFESSOR MORTON WHlTE's book, A Phibsophy of Culture: The Scope of Holistic 
Pragmatism, was published in 2003 by Princeton University Press, which has agreed to 
publish a volume of his essays entitled Selected Studies in Philosophy arui the History of Ideas. 
During three weeks in October, 2002, Professor White delivered three invited lectures at 
Keio University in Tokyo on holistic pragmatism in science, ethics, and epistemology; 
and in May, 2003, his essay, "Tolstoy the Empirical Fox", appeared in Raritan: A Quarter- 
ly Review, published at Rutgers University. He continues to work on a study of the 
decline and fall of classical rationalism from Descartes to the twentieth century, and to 
serve on the Council of the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia. 


Institute for advanced study 



Islamic History 

Institute for Advanced Study ■ a 


History of Science, History of Museums 

Brjti>h Museum 



Istituto Papirologico G. Vitelli, Florence • / 


Ancient History 

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales • / 

Medieval History 
Swarthmore College • s 

Dutch 1 7lh-Century Art History 
New York University 

Medieval History 
University of Akron 


Medieval Manuscript Illumination 

University of the South ■ s 



University of Cincinnati • v, s 

Early Modem Europe 
Seton Hall University 


Modem East Centra/ European History 

University of California, Berkeley 

History of Science 
Princeton University ■ v 


Ancient History 

Birkbeck College, University of London 



Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris • v 

Ear(\ Medieval History' 
Boston College 


Medieval History 

State University of New York, New Paltz ■ v 

Ear/31 Modem Europe 
University of Chicago • s 

Ear/31 Modem Ideas 
University of Leiden ■ / 

Medieval Musicology 
University of Western Ontario 

History of ZOth-Century Art and Criticism 
Williams College • / 


Early Modem Europe 

University of California, Riverside • / 


Ear/31 Modem Chinese Literature and Culture 

University of California, Irvine 



University of Texas, Austin • / 


Islamic Studies, History of Law 

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales 

a Research Assistant • / First Term ■ j Joint with School of Social Science • s Second Term ■ v Visitor 



Ancient Philosophy, Classics 
Universit>' of Edinburgh 


Mixieni Chmesf C»/ti<rui Historv. Print Culture. 

and Women s Historv 

University of California, Santa Barbara • v 

/nJo-European Studies, Classics 
Princeton University 


Early Chinese Literature and History 

Princeton Universit>' 



University of Oxford, Oriel College ■ f ■ v,s 


C/iinese /ntellectiw/ History'. Tramlation Studies, 

Historical Senwnrics 

University of Erlangen 

Comparative Historical Sociology 
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 

Ancient History 
Harvard University • s 

Ancient History 
University of Udine ■ / 


Islamic Middle East, Iran (1 6th- 19th Century) 

University of Delaware 


fskinic InteKectiui/ Historv 

Center tor islamic Studies, Istanbul 

Lkhan and Maritime History 
University of Mumbai 

Ottonwn Studies 
University at California, Berkeley 


20t/i-Centurii An History and Art Theory 

University of Bonn 

Political Science , Holocaust 
University of Konstan: • s 

Modem Chinese History 
University of Nevada, Reno • / ■ v,s 


Italian Baroque Art Historv and Theory 

University of Delaware 


Roman and B\;annne Art and Archaeology 

TTie Hebrew University of Jerusalem • / 


Historv of India 

University of Wisconsin, Madison • / 

Ancient Philosoph\ 
Harvard University 


Historv of Medieval Historiography and Exegesis 

Independent Scholar 

Early Modem Ideas 
University of Munich 


History of Art 

Institute for Advanced Study • a, s 

a Research Assistant • /First Term ■ j Joint with School of Social Science • s Second Term • v Visitor 



The following is a calendar of events sponsored by 
the School of Historical Studies 

Academic Year 2002-03 

Seprembcr 30 

Historical Studies Liinchtime Colloquium: 


October 2 

School Lecture: "Pope Pius XII and the 


ROBERT WISTRICH, Hebrew Umversity, 


October 7 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 
"Democracy Denied, 1905-1915: Intellectuals 
and the Fate of Constitutional Revolutions" 
CHARLES KURZMAN, University of North 
Carolina, Chapel Hill; Member, School of 
Historical Studies 

October 8 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "It Returns Our 

Calls: The Use and Abuse of Memory in a 

Chinese Community" 

QIN SHAO, The College of New Jersey 

Medieval Seminar: "The Casta of the Bishops 
of Auxerre in the Ninth Century" 
Akron; Member, School of Historical Studies 

Ocniber 14 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"Euripides' Chrysippus and the Problematiza- 

tion of Pederasty in Athenian Democratic 


THOMAS HUBBARD, University of Texas. 

Austin; Member, School of Historical Studies 

October 18 

Empire Group: "TTie Early Roman Empire" 
EMMA DENCH, Rtrkheck College. University 
of London; Member, School of Historical Studies 

October 2 1 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 
"Patjcs, Proofs, and Caravajjgio's Grand Master: 
The Wifjnacourt Porttait Re-Examined" 
DAVID STONE, University o/Dc(aivare; 
Member, School of Historical Studies 

October 22 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "Japanese 
Historical Fiction about China: On 
Translating Shiba Ryotaro into English" 
JOSHUA FOGEL, University of California. 
Santa Barbara; Mellon Visiting Professor, 
School of Histoncal Studies 

Medieval Seminar: "Corruption in the 
Twelfth-Century Bokhara" 
BABER JOHANSEN, Ecole des Hautes Eludes 
en Sciences Sociales, Pans; Member, School of 
Historical Studies 

Ocr..lvr :s 

Empire Group: "The Ottoman Empire" 
LESLIE PEIRCE, University o/Cali/oniia, 
Berkeley; Member, School of Historical Studies 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 
"Uses of Poetry in Early China" 
MARTIN KERN, Pnnceton University; 
Member, School of Historical Studies 

Novfuiber 4 

Empire Group: "A Sociological Apptoach to 

the Rise and Fall of Empires" 

CHARLES KURZMAN, University of North 

Carolina, Chapel Hill; Member, School of 

Historical Studies 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 
"What Changes When Words Change: 
Nervousness in Modem China" 
HUGH SHAPIRO, University of Nevada. 
Reno; Member, School of Historical Studies 

November 5 

TTie Islamicist Seminar: "The Legal Person: 

Proprietor or Believer.'" 

BABER JOHANSEN, Ecole des Hautes Etudes 

en Sciences Sociales. Pans; Member, School of 

Historical Studies 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "Mapping 


SUSAN NAQUIN, Pnnceton L'niversity 



NoveniK-r I 1 

Empire Group: "Safavid Attitudes to Subject 


RULX^LPH MATTHEE, University of 

Delaware: Member. School of Historictd Sttulit's 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 
"Mechanics, Museums, and Exhibitions: 
The Utility ot Coilectintj" 
ROBERT ANDERSON, British Museum; 
Mcmfvr, School of Historical Studies 

November 18 

Empire Group: "Indian Empires" 
ANDRE WINK, University of Wisconsin, 
MaJison; Member, School o/ Historical Studies 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"The Sphinx: A Greek Monster's Indian 


JOSHUA KATZ, Princeton University; 

Member, School of Historical Stupes 

Novciiibcr W 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "Matching 

Names and Actualities: Translation and the 

Discover^' of 'Chinese Logic'" 

JOACHIM KURTZ, Universit:y o/Eriangen; 

MeJTiter, School of Historical Studies 

November 25 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"The Old Testament, History, and the Church 

(Latin Christian Historians and Exegetes, 

Patristic and Medieval)" 

ELISABETH MEGIER, Independent Schokr. 

Member, School of Historical Studies 

November 26 

Medieval Seminar: "Hugh of Fleury and the 
Spiritual Understanding ot the Bible" 
ELISABETH MEGIER^ Independent Scholar: 
Mevnher, School of Historical Studies 

December 2 

Empire Group: "Justifications of Conquest" 
PATRICIA CRONE, Professor, School of 
Historical Studies 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 
"Crafts and Craftpersons of Kutch" 
ofMumhai: Member, School of Historical Studies 

December ^ 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "How Different 

are Chinese and Western Medicine? 

The Case of Neurasthenia" 

HUGH SHAPIRO, University of Nevada, 

Keno; Mem/vr, School of Historical Studies 

Medieval Seminar: "John ot Salisbury' and the 


JULIE BARRAU, Indt-pendent Scholar 

December ^' 

School Lecture: "A European (British) 
View of the Struggle Against Terrorism" 
Kingdom Chiej of Defense 

Empire Group: "Siam" 

NEIL ENGLEHART, La/a>ette College; 

Member, School of Socicd Science 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"Between Impressionism and Cubism: 

Carl Einstein's Bebuquin, err Dilettantes of the 



VC'illiams College; Member, School of Historical 


LVcember 1 1 

The Islamicist Seminar: "Who and What 

Were the Orang Laut?" 

ANDRE WINK, University of Wisconsin, 

Madison; Member, School of Historical Stitdies 

IVcfnilvr lo 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"The Zodiac in Ancient Jewish Art: 

The Dual Meaning of a Symbol" 

ZEEV WEISS, The Hebrew; University of 

Jerusalem: Member, School of Historical Studies 

December 1 7 

Medieval Seminar: "Broadening the Narrative 
in Early Medieval History: Incorporating 
the Evidence of Paleoarchaeology in Anglo- 
Saxon History" 

ROBIN REMING, Boston College: Member, 
School of Historical Studies 

Januar\- 13 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 


J.inuar\ 14 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "TTie Geopolitics 
of 'Sacred Ground' in Postwar Okinawa" 
GERALD FIGAL, University o/Delaivare 


Institute for advanced study 

Januar>' 20 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Collcxquium: 

"Deutsche Frage and Reformation: 

A New Approach" 

WILLIAM CONNELL, Setm Hall Unwershy. 

Member, School of Hisioncal Studies 

January 27 

Empire Group: "Chinese Concepts of Imperial 


BENJAMIN ELMAN, Princeton Unii'ersir* 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 
"Beauty and Truth" 
Universit;y; Member, School of Historical Studies 

January 28 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "Who Buried 


HU YING, University of California, Irvine; 

Member, School of Historical Studies 

Februar\' ) 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"Wine in Early Modem Iran: Ritual, Pleasure, 

and Proscription" 

RUDOLPH MATTHEE, University of 

Delaware; Member, School of Historical Studies 

February 7 - S 

East Asian Studies Workshop: "Is it Really 

Like Kissing TTirough a Handkerchief? 

Reading and Translation from Chinese and 


"On the Tasks of the Translator" 

JOSHUA FOGEL, University of California. 

Santa Barbara; Me//on Visiting Professor, School 

of Historical Studies 

Translating from Premodem Chinese and 


"Rose or Jade? Piohlems of Translating 

Medieval Chinese Literature" 

DAVID KNECHTGES, University of 


"Tlie Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Expletives, 

Misprision, and Pidgin in Zeami's 

Performance Notes" 

THOMAS HARE, Princeton University 

Translating from Modem and Contemporary 


"The Early Translations of Western Fiction 

into Chinese" 

PATRICK HANAN, Hari-ard University 

"Why and How Non-Existent Mirrors Are 

Useful: My View of Translation" 

PERRY LINK, Princeton University 

Translating Contemporary lapanese Fiction: 

"Conveying the Author's Voice: Translating 


JOHN NATHAN. University ofCalifomia. 

Santa Barbara 

"No Smoking: What to Do When the Author 

Gets it Wrong" 

JAY RUBIN, Harvard University 

Lingering Theoretical Problems: 

"Translating; or. What Do You Do with the 


LAWRENCE VENUTl, Temple University 

February 10 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colkxjuium: 
"Mutations of the Year 800: Was Charle- 
magne Really a Glorious Turning Point?" 
Akron; Member, Schoo/ of Historical Studies 

Februar>' 14 

Empire Group: "Empires and Mercenaries" 
NINO LURAGHI, Harvard University; 
Member, School of Historical Studies 

February 18 

Medieval Seminar: "Women and the Liturgy 
in the Late Medieval English Parish" 
KATHERINE FRENCH, State University of 
New York, New Pakz; Visitor, Sc/iool of 
Historical Studies 

February' 24 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"Traders, Pirates, Warriors: Greeks in the 

Levant in the Early Iron Age" 

NINO LURAGHI, Harvard University; 

Member, School of Historical Studies 

March 3 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"How to Bury A Revolutionary: Biography, 

Epigraphy, Calligraphy" 

HU YING, L'niversity of California, Irvine; 

Member, School of Historical Studies 

March 4 

Medieval Seminar: "Sorting Out the Family: 

Power, Kinship, and Conflict in Early 


STEPHEN BENSCH, Su-arthmore College; 

Member, School oj Historical Studies 

M.irch 5 

SchtKil Lecture: "American Foreign Policy In 

an Age of Preeminence" 

STROBE TALBOTT, Brookin^js Institution 



March 10 

Historical Studies Lunclinme C^ilKviumm; 

"Family and Constitution in Modem Egyptian 


BABER JOHANSEN, Ecok des Hautes Erndes 

en Sciences Sociales. Pans; Memher, School of 

Historicd Studiei 

March 1 1 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "Early Chinese 
Aesthetics of Pi>etrv and Persuasion" 
MARTIN KERN, Pnnceion University; 
Metnfcer, School of Historical Sttidies 

Medieval Seminar: "Manuscript Painting in 
Pans and Rouen During the English 
Occupation ( 14 W- 1449)" 
GREGORY CLARK, L'niivrsit> of the South: 
Member, School of Historical Studies 

March 17 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"Venetians, English, and Greeks: 

A Reassessment ot Eastern Mediterranean 

Trade in the Early Modem Period" 

MARIA FUSARO, University of Chicago: 

Member, School of Histoncd Studies 

March 18 

Medieval Seminar: "Castiglione, Signer 
Gasparo, and the Lombard Nobility" 
WILLIAM CONNELL, Seton Hall University: 
Member, School of Historical Sti«lies 

March 24 

Historical Studies Lunchtime Colloquium: 

"Ad^mar de Chabannes (989-1034), 

Monastic Musician Extraordinaire" 

JAMES GRIER, University of Western Ontario: 

Member, School of Historical Studies 

March 25 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "Cosmology, 

Civilization, and the Meanings of Female 

Virtue in Late Qing China" 

JOAN JUDGE, University of Calif ontia, Santa 

Barbara; Visitor, School of Historical Sttidies 

March 26 

The Islamicist Seminar: "Ottoman Clothing 


MADELINE ZlLFl, University of Maryland 

March M 

Historical Studies Lunchtime ColUxjuium: 

"Polyglotism and (the Ottoman) Empire: 

Writing Bigger History" 

LESLIE PEIRCE, University of California, 

Berkeley: Member, School o/ Historical Studies 

April 1 

East Asian Studies Seminar: "Nalan Xingde's 

(1655-1685) Appreciation of Chinese 

Calligraphy and Pictorial Art" 

ERLING VON MENDE, Free University of 


April : 

The Islamicist Seminar: "Ottoman Kalam" 

M. SAIT OZERVARLI, Center /or Islamic 

SiiiiJies, Istanbul: Member, School of Historical 


April 14 

Empire Group: "Attitudes to the Greeks in 

Hellenistic Egypt" 

GETZEL COHEN, University of Cincinnati; 

Visitor, School of Historical Studies 

April 2 1 

Empire Group: "The Achaemenids" 
Gerda Henkel Stiftung 

Apni :s 

Empire Group: "The Ottomans" 
STEPHEN BENSCH, Swanhmore College; 
Member. School of Historical Studies 

May 1 

School Lecture: "Early Years at the School of 

Historical Studies" 

GEORGE DYSON, Director's Visitor 

May 21 

Empire Group: "Imperial Government in 


MICHAEL MAAS, Rice University; former 

Member, School of Historical Studies 

In addition to the events listed above, some groups also met informally. This included weekly 
gatherings over lunch for Members and Visitors in art history and classics, who met to discuss 
ongoing projects and the specific problems encountered in their research. Individual Faculty 
members also occasionally arranged other informal gatherings or talks by invited speakers. 
Although these do not appear on the above list, these informal gatherings also played an impor- 
tant role in the intellectual life of the School. 



_^_^_ _ 3 






he Institute provides unrivaled 

conditions for conducting research. 
The focus on research and the quietness 
allow you to start long-term programs 
and learning cycles . " 

— Member, School of Mathematics 

Robert Lan^nds, Profesior in the School of Mathenuitics , in his office in Fuld Hail 



ENRICO BOMBIERI, IBM ion Neumann Professor 



ROBERT P. LANGLANDS, Ht-munn Weyl Professor 





Professors Emeriti 



This year's special program in the School of Mathematics concentrated on applied math- 
ematics and was entitled "Stochastic Partial Differential Equations and Models of Turbu- 
lence". Weinan E (Princeton University) and Gregory Falkovich (Weizmann Institute 
of Science), were the main organizers together with the School of Mathematics. Other 
senior participants included John Ball (Oxford), Krzysztof Gawedzki (Lyon), Massimo 
Vergassola (Nice), and Homg-Tzer Yau (NYU). Approximately 20 of the School's mem- 
bers actively participated in this program. 

The aim of this program was to bring together researchers from mathematics, physics, and 
fluid mechanics to explore mathematical aspects of fluid flow, especially those motivated 
by turbulence. Although the problem of three-dimensional turbulence has been exten- 
sively studied over the past century, our mathematical understanding of important issues 
such as regularity, intermittency, and coherent structures is still primitive. For this rea- 
son there has been a surge of activity and progress on a more tractable class of differen- 
tial equations with random coefficients which are expected to share some of the same fea- 
tures observed in three-dimensional turbulence. Such models include advection by a pas- 
sive scalar and the randomly driven Burgers equation. Tliis year's program built upon this 
progress and extended it to include new directions of research. 

The major topics covered in this year's program were broader than initially anticipated 
and included the following: 

1 ) Advection of passive scalar 

2) Wave turbulence 

3) Stochastically driven Burgers equation 

4) The structure of invariant measures for Navier Stokes and related PDE 

5) Theory and numerics of transition pathways in rough landscapes 

6) Modeling neural activity of the visual cortex 

7) Description of inertial particles in incompressible flows. 


Institute for advanced study 

TTiere were approximately two-to-three seminars per week in which the senior partici- 
pants gave expositor^' lectures about their work and junior Members elaborated on the 
ideas which they presented informally at the start of the term. In addition, there were 
several minicourses on various aspects of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics covering 
topics such as "weak turbulence" and "energy landscapes and rare events". Other infor- 
mal meetings addressed uniqueness and regularity of invariant measures which provide a 
statistical description of chaotic flows. 

TTiere were three conferences during this program. The first concerned "Stochastic and 
multi-scale problems in the Sciences". The purpose of this conference was to bring 
together leading scientists from several disciplines including biology, chemistry, complex 
fluids, material sciences, and mathematics to exchange ideas and to identif\' common 
themes and new frontiers of further research. TTie second conference entitled "Confer- 
ence on Stochastic Differential Equations" was more mathematical in character and was 
devoted to the analysis of qualitative properties of solutions of stochastic partial differen- 
tial equations that arise in applications. The last conference focused on models of turbu- 
lence and brought together both theorists and experimentalists to discuss the present state 
of the field and to offer unifying approaches to the analysis of non-equilibrium systems. 
Topics included general turbulence theory, singularity formation in fluids, mixing, and the 
distribution of inertial particles (such as water vapor) in turbulent flows. Finally, there was 
a one-day workshop devoted to examining the role of noise in neural networks. 

Highlights of the research in special programs: 

D. Cai made significant progress modeling the neural activity of the visual cortex. In the 
recent work, he and his collaborators have been able to go beyond the usual models of 
mean dynamics and include fluctuations which are crucial for an understanding of many 

H.-T. Yau proved new results about logarithmic fluctuations of the bulk diffusion for a 
class of two-dimensional interacting particle systems. TTiese results imply the lack of a 
classical hydrodynamic scaling. In another paper, he has also established significantly 
longer time scales for the transport of a quantum particle in a weak random potential. 

Another area of activity at the Institute concerned the behavior of inertial finite si:e par- 
ticles in an incompressible random flow. This has been a very active field of activity at the 
Institute this year and was studied from both a theoretical and applied perspective. Of par- 
ticular physical interest are mechanisms for accelerated formation of rain in warm clouds. 
A key ingredient of this work is understanding the clustering of inertial particles on multi- 
fractal dynamical sets and incorporating this structure into certain kinetic equations. This 
work was carried out by J. Bee, G. Falkovich, K. Gawedzki, M. Stepanov, and others. 

Weinan E, W. Ren, and E. Vanden Eijnden have developed the theoretical foundation 
and numerical methods for studying the transition between metastable configurations 
with rough energy landscapes. In this situation, the conventional Went:el-Freidlin 
theory is not practical. The new framework extends standard potential theory by exploit- 
ing the spectral gap between small eigenvalues associated with the metastable states and 
the larger eigenvalues associated with relaxation processes. This approach has been suc- 
cessfully applied to numerous problems in material sciences and chemistry and is now 
being used to study transition pathways in protein dynamics. 



TTiere was a weekly seminar in classical statistical mechanics. David SherrlnKtun 
(Oxford) was here tor the tall term and John Cardy (Oxford) and Stanislav Smimov 
(KTH StiKkholm) were here during the spring term. Both Cardy and Sherrington had 
joint appomtments in the School of Natural Sciences. Sherrington spoke aK)ut "Statis- 
tical physics of non-equilihrium disordered and frustrated many body problems". Cardy 
and Smimov gave expository talks about remarkable progress on scaling limits of two- 
dimensional statistical mechanics models at the critical temperature. 

During the fall term, a seminar entitled "Arnold diffusion" was organized by Dmitry Dol- 
gopyat and Vadim Kaloshin. This seminar concerned the long-time behavior of chaotic 
motions from both a deterministic and probabilistic perspective. It provided an interest- 
ing complement to the themes ot the special program. The organizers gave talks about 
variational geometric approaches to Arnold diffusion, and Jean Bourgain gave an infinite 
dimensional version ot this diffusion. During the second term, Percy Deift (NYU) and 
Emma Previato (Boston University) organized a seminar on "Aspects of integrability" 
which covered such diverse topics as the spectral theory of random matrices, and Gro- 
mov-Witten theory and solutions in algebraic geometry. 

TTie Number Theory Seminar was organized jointly with Princeton University and Rut- 
gers University. Among the highlights of this seminar were talks by P. Samak (Prince- 
ton) on "Classical versus quantum fluctuations for the modular surface" and by H. 
Iwaniec (Rutgers) on "Exceptional zero and prime numbers". 

The program in theoretical computer science and discrete mathematics engaged in inten- 
sive research covering almost all areas of theoretical computer science as well as many 
directions in combinatorics. Some particular topics include de-Randomization, proof 
complexity, quantum computing, and communication complexity. Altogether the pro- 
gram included four senior Members (Arora, Raz, Razborov, Rockmore) and eight post- 
doctoral Members. Some 25 people came to visit for a short time ranging from a few days 
to one month. TTie main educational component of the program consisted of two week- 
ly seminars. One of them was quite traditional (guest speakers, one hour talks), whereas 
the second was much more informal and specifically designed as a venue for the program's 
residents to present more detailed expositions of their research. 

The Marston Morse Memorial Lectures entitled "Motivic Algebraic Geometry" were 
delivered by Fabien Morel (Universite de Paris, Jussieu). This was a series of three expos- 
itory lectures on the homotopy theory for algebraic varieties with applications to the 
proof of the Milnor Conjecture. 

In August 2002, Vladimir Voevodsky received one of two Fields Medals awarded in 
Beijing, China for his work in developing new cohomology theories for algebraic varieties 
thereby providing new insights into number theory and algebraic geometry. 

Enrico Bombieri was elected a Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences. 

Next year's special program "Analysis and non-linear PDE's" will be led by Carlos Kenig 
(U. Chicago) and Jean Bourgain. Topics include dispersive Hamiltonian systems, equa- 
tions with critical nonlinearity, and the structure of singularity formation. The following 
year, Vladimir Voevodsky will lead a program on the Bloch-Kato conjecture relating 
Milnor's K-theory and etale cohomology. 





Complexity Theory, Approximation 

Princeton University ■ v 


Mathematical. Statistical Hydrodynamics 
International Institute of Earthquake Prediction 
Theory, Russia 


Wave Turbulence, Nonlinear Phenomerm 

University of Utah 


Calculus of Variations , Materials Science, 

Nonlinear PDEs 

University of Oxford 



Observatoire de Nice, France • s 

Automorphic Forms 
Ecole Normale Superieure Paris, France ■ / 


Applied Mathematics, Probability 

Universitat Tubingen, Germany • i 


Applied Math , Nonlinear Waives 

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign • s 


Nonlinear Dispersive Waves 

Courant Institute, New York University 


Staristical Mechanics, Non-equilibrium Systems 

All Souls College, University of Oxford • j, s 


Algebraic Geometry 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 


Complexity' Theory and Approximation Algorithms 

Princeton University 

String Dualities 
Columbia University • ; 


Inte^able Systeim and Spectral Theory 
Courant Institute, New York University • s 


Differential and Q-difference Equations 

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 


Constructive Quantum Field Theory 
State University of New Yotk, Buffalo • / 

Geometric Anal\sis 
Universite de Cergy-Pontoise, France • v 


Statistical Properties of Dynamical Systems 

Pennsylvania State University 


Fluid Equations, Imcompressihle Flows 

Princeton University 

Algonthmics, Graph Theory 
Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel 


Turbulence Theory 

Wei:mann Institute of Science, Israel 


Stochastic Forcing 

Courant Institute, New York University 


Mat/iematical Physics 

Ecole Normale Superieure do Lyon, France ■ s 

* On leave academic year 
dvp DistinKuished Visiting Professor /First Term i Vchlen Research Instructorship ■ 5 Second Term • v Visitor 



Geometry, Automorphic Forms 
Institute fot Advanced Study 


Automorphic Forms 

Institute tor Advanced Study ■ i 


Passiitr Aditction 

Institul Mittag-Leffler, Sweden 

Applied Dyrxamical Systems 
Princeton University • s 


Dynamical Systems 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

Intersection Theory 
Boston University 


Quantum Computing 

Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica, 

TTie Netherlands 


Automorphic Forms 

Purdue University, West Lafayette 


Number Theory, Algebraic Geometry 

Pennsylvania State University 

Lou/'dimensioruil Topology 
University of Texas, Austin 


Nonlinear Analysis 

Institute for Advanced Study 

Stochastic PDEs 
Stanford University 

Geomemc Representation Theory 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 


Lm'-(iimeivsioiui/ Topology, Qi^ntum Topology 

Br>'n Mawr College • v, / • s 


Algeln-aic Geometry 

Institute tor Advanced Study 


Geometric Aruilysis. Partial Differential Equatioi\s Discrete Subgroups 

Institute for Advanced Study • i Princeton University 

Combinatorics, Graph Theory 
University of Memphis 

Modular Representation Theory 
Northwestern University 


Number Theory 

University of Melbourne, Australia 


Moduli Spaces. Differential Equations 

Boston University 


Multiple Zeta Values. Multiple Polylogarilhms 

Institut fiir Mathematik, Germany ■ / 


Complexity Theory 

Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel • / 

Theoretical Computer Science 
Institute for Advanced Study 


Approximation Methods, Scheduling 

Institute for Advanced Study 


Cryptography, Computational Complexity 

Institute for Advanced Study ■ v 

* On leave academic year 
dvp Distinguished Visiting Professor ■ / First Term i Veblcn Research Instructorship s Second Term • i- Visitor 


Institute for advanced study 


Scientific Computation 

Courant Institute, New York University 

Fast Fourier Transforms 
Dartmouth College ■ / 


Schrodmger Evolution, Geometric Analysis 

Princeton University • / 

Many Body Systems 
University' of Oxford • j, f 

Differential Geometry, Topology 
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign 


Low-dimensional Topology 

Centre de Recherches Mathematiques, Canada • s 


Complex and Harmonic Analysis 

Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden • s 

Repreientatiun Theory 
Harvard University 



Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Russia 


Numerical AnaKsis 

University of California, Los Angeles ■ i 


Applied Mathematics 

Courant Institute, New York University ■ v, f ■ s 


Stansrical Physics 

Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, France ■ s 


Ana/>sis and Mathematical Physics 

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 



Courant Institute, New York University ■ / 


Algebraic Number Theory 

Princeton University and Institute for Advanced 

Study • s 


Special Values of L-series 

Columbia University 


Mathematical Physics 

Courant Institute, New York University ■ s 

Princeton University • s 


Probability Theory 

Courant Institute, New York University 


Computer Science 

Rutgers University, Piscataway 


Hodge Theory 

University of Tokyo, Japan 

* On leave academic year 
dvp Distinguished VisiriniL! ProfcssDf ■ / First Term ■ i Veblcn Research Insirucinrship * SoccmJ Term i' Visitor 



The following is a calendar of events sponsored hy 
the School of Mathematics 

Academic Year 2002-Oi 

SeptemK'r ^ 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 

"Derandomi:ing Polynomial Identity Tests Means 

Proving Circuit Lower Bounds" 

VALENTINE KABANETS, L'nivm.t> ofCdifomia. 

San Diego 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 
"A Switching Lemma for Small Restrictions and 
Lower Ekiunds tor k-DNF Resolution" 
RUSSELL IMPAGLIAZZO, L'niversiry ofCaUfomia. 
San Diego 

September 17 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"Mixing in Time and Space on the Integer Lattice: 

A Combinatorial View'" 

DROR WEITZ, L'nivmit>' ofCdifomia. Berkeley 

September 23 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 

"Phase Transitions for Random Processes" 

JOEL SPENCER, Cowrant Institute of Mathematical 

Scierxces, New York University 

Computet Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 
"Topological Lower Bounds for the Chromatic 
Number: A Hierarchy" 
JlRl MATOUSEK, Charles University. Prague 

September 24 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 111: 

"Proving Integrality Gaps without Knowing the 

Linear Program" 

SANJEEV ARORA, Prrnceton University; Visitor, 

School of Mathematics 

September 26 

Special Seminar: "On the Cohomology of Arithmetic 
Manifolds: Vanishing and Nonvanishing Results" 
JOACHIM SCHWERMER, University of Vienna 

September 27 

Short Talks by PostdiKtotal Members: "Modular 

Forms and Representation Theory" 

JOEL BELLAiCHE, Ecoie Normak Sup&rieure, 

Pans, Memher, School o/ Mat/iemaiics; NADYA 

GUREVICH, Member, School of Mathematics; 


Purdue University. West Lafayette: Member. School of 

Mat/ienuitics; HEE OH, Pnnceton Universiiv; Member. 

School of Mathematics; and HUl XUE, Columbia 

University; Member, School o/ Mat/iematics 

Septembet 30 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"L')imension Reduction in the 1_1 Norm" 
MOSES CHARIKAR, Princeton University 

Short Talks by Postdoctoral Members: "Algebraic 
Geometry and Geometric Representation Theory" 
ANA-MARIA CASTRAVET, MassachMseits Institute 
o/ Technology; Member, School of Matherrtatics; LING 
LONG, Penm^li'ania State L'niversitv; Member. School 
o/Matherruirics; KEVIN McGERTY, Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology : Member, School of Mathematics; 
TAKURO MOCHIZUKI, Member, School of 
Mathematics; JULIA PEVTSOVA, Northwestern 
University; Member, School of Mathematics; and ERIC 
SOMMERS, Harvard University; Member, School of 

October 1 

Computet Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"Quantum Security in the Bounded Storage Model" 

HARTMUT KLAUCK, Centrum I'oor Wiskunde en 

Informatica. The Netherlands; Member. School of 


Short Talks by Postdoctoral Members: Algebra and 


Institute for advanced study 

October 3 

Short Talks by Junior Members: Analysis 

"Asymptotic Limits of Perturbed Gia:burg-Landau 


IBRAHIM FATKULLIN, Courani Insmute of 

Mathematical Sciences, New York UnweTsity; Member, 

School of Mat/iemarics 

"Degenerate Elliptic Operators in Passive Advection" 

VILLE HAKULINEN, Institut Mittag-Leffler, Sweden; 

Member, School of Mathematics 

"Approximation of Sobolev Mappings" 

FENG BO HANG, Member, School of Mathematics 

"Prevalence of Certain Phenomena in Dynamical 


VADIM KALOSHIN, Massachusetts Institute of 

Technology; Member, School of Mathematics 

"On Multi-Dimensional Spike Layers" 

ANDREA MALCHIODI, Member, School of 


"Randomly Forced Burgers Equation" 

TOUFIC SUIDAN, Courant Institute 0/ Mat/iemarica/ 

Sciences, New York University; Member. School of 


October 4 

Short Talks by Junior Members: Computer Science 

and Discrete Mathematics 

"The Hardness ot Testing Graph Properties" 

AMIT CHAKRABARTl, Princeton University; 

Member, School of Mat/ienuitics 

"Approximating Graph Metrics by Sparse Subgraphs" 

MICHAEL ELKIN, Weizmann Institute 0/ Science, 

Israel; Member, School of Mathematics 

"Quantum Communication Complexity" 

HARTMUT KLAUCK, Centrum voor Wiskunde en 

Informatica, The Netherlands; Member, School of 


"Reconstruction of Finite Groups" 

LUKE PEBODY, University of Memphis; Member. 

School of Mathematics 

"Tradeoff Lower Bounds" 

XIAODONG SUN, Rutgers University, Piscataway; 

Member, School of Mathematics 

Short Talks by Junior Members: Analysis 

"Tunable Dynamics and Bistability of Neural 


DAVID CAl, Courant Institute of Mathematical 

Sciences. New York University; Member, School of 


"Hyperbolicity and Chaos" 

DIMTRY DOLGOPYAT, Pennsylvania State 

(Jnit/ersit)!; Member, School of Mathematics 

"Stochastic Navier Stokes" 

JONATHAN MATTINGLY. Stanford University; 

Member, School of Mathematics 

"Numerical Methods for the Study of Rare Events" 

WEIQING REN, Courant Institute of Mathematical 

Sciences, New York University; Member, School of 


"Topic in Analysis" 

IGOR RODNIANSKI, Princeton University; Member. 

School of Mathematics 

"Some Aspects of Stochastic Modeling in Complex 


ERIC VANDEN-EIJNDEN, Courant Institute of 

Matherruitical Sciences. New York L/nit'ersit>; Visitor 

ai\d Member. School of Mathemarics 

October 7 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"TTie Elusiveness of Braess's Paradox: Designing 

Networks for Selfish Users is Hard" 

TIM ROUGHGARDEN, Cornell Uni*^ersit:# 

October 8 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"Universally Composable Security: Overview of the 

Paradigm and Some Constructions" 

RAN CANETTl, IBM Watson Research Center 

Oa.. Ivr^' 

Geometric Representation Theory Seminar: 
"The Peterson Variety and Total Positiviry" 
KONSTANZE RIETSCH, King's College, London 

October 10 

Dynamical Systems Seminar: "Lyapunov Exponents 

in Non-Perturbative Regime" 

RAPHAEL KRIKORIAN, Ecole Polytechmque 

Princeton/IAS/Rutgers Number Theory- Seminar: 
"Congruences Involving Non-Tempered Automor- 
phic Forms and Bloch-Kato Conjectures" 
JOEL BELLAiCHE, Ecole Normale Supeneure, Paris; 
Member, School of Mathematics 

October 1 1 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Statistical Physics of 

Fiber Optics Communications" 

MICHAEL CHERTKOV Los Alamos National 


Stochastic Analysis and Modeling Seminar: 
"Statistical Integrals of Motion and Anomalous 
Scaling in Turbulence" 

GREGORY FALKOVICH. Wei^mann Institute of 
Science, Israel; Member, School of Mathematics 



Stochastic Analysis and MixJeling Seminar: 
"Generalized Flow and Turbulent Transport" 
ERIC VANPEN-EIJNDEN, C.ourant Institute of 
Maihcmatical Sciences. New York Unii'ersirv: Visitor 
and Member, School of Mathematics 

Stix-hastic Analysis and Mixleling Seminar: 
"Degenerate Elliptic Operators in Passive Advection" 
VILLE HAKULINEN, Institut Mittag-Leffler. Sweden: 
Member. School of Mathematics 

October 14 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 
"The Hardness of 3-Unitorm H^'pergraph Coloring" 

October 1 5 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"Time-Space Tradeoff Lower B<.iunds for Randomized 


XIAODONG SUN, Rutgers University. Piscataway. 

MeTnber, School of Mathematics 

October 18 

Applied Math/Statistical Mechanics Seminar: 

"Reduced Dynamics for Stochastically Perturbed 


IBRAHIM FATKULLIN, Courant Instituu of 

Mathematical Sciences. New York University; Member, 

School of Mathemarics 

October 2 1 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 

"Free and Pseudo-Surjective Functions, and 

Provability of Circuit Lower Bounds" 

JAN KRAJICEK, deck Academy of Sciences. Prague 

Members Seminar: "Some Problems on Entire 
Arithmetic Functions" 
JONATHAN PILA, L/niuersiry o/MelboMme; 
Member, School of Mathematics 

October 22 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"Time-Space Tradeoff Lower Bounds for Randomized 

Computation (Continued)" 

XIAODONG SUN, Rutgers University. Piscataway; 

Member, School of Mathematics 

October 24 

Geometric Representation Theory Seminar: 
"The Singular Locus of a Schubert Variety" 
CHRISTIAN KASSEL, CNRS et L/niversite Louis 
Pasteur. Strasbourg 

».\tol>er 2S 

Applied Math/Statistical Mechanics Seminar: 
"Mixleling and Computation ot Tumor Growth" 
QING NIE, L 'mi'ersit> of California. Irvine 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "Non-Generic ity of 
Minimizing Peritxiic Orbits" 
DANIEL MASS ART, Cenrro de iniiestigocion en 
Mrttematicos, Mexico 

Stochastic Analysis and Modeling Seminar: 
"Weak Turbulence" 

ALEXANDER BALK. University of Utah; Member. 
School o/ Mathematics; DAVID CAI, Courant Institute 
o/ Mathemarical Sciences. New York University; 
Member, School of Mathematics; GREGORY 
FALKOVICH, Weijmann Institute of Science, Israel; 
Member, School of Mathcjnatics 

October 28 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"Random Sub-Problems of a Given Problem" 
RAVINDRAN KANNAN, Yale University 

October 29 

Analysis/Math Physics Seminar: "A Survey of 

Quasi-Periodic Localization" 

JEAN BOURGAIN, Professor, School of Mathematics 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 
"Derandomizing Special Polynomial Identities via 
Cyclotomic Rings" 

MANINDRA AGARWAL, Indian Institute of 
Technology. India 

November 1 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "Convergence of Viscosity 
Solutions for Random Hamilton-Jacobi Equations" 
RENATO ITURRIAGA, Centra de Investigacion en 
Matematicas. Mexico 

Stochastic Analysis and Modeling Seminar: 
"Energy Landscapes and Rare Events" 
PHILLIP GEISSLER, Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology; WEIQING REN, Courant Institute of 
Mathematical Sciences, New York University; Member, 
School of Mathematics; and ERIC VANDEN- 
EIjNDEN, Courant Insritute o/ Maihemaricoi Sciences, 
New York Universit^i; Visitor and Member, School of 


Institute for advanced study 

Novembver 4 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Non-Linear Versions of Dvoret:ky's Theorem" 

ASSAF NAOR, Microsoft Research 

Members Seminar: "The Euler-Lagrange Equation 

and Minimizers in Elastostatics" 

JOHN BALL, University of Oxford: Member. 

School of Mathevnatics 

Special Seminar: "The Concept of EPR States and 
Their Structure" 

RAJA VARADARAJAN. New York University and 
University of California. Los Angeles 

NoveiiihiT S 

Analysis/Math Physics Seminar: "The Ultraviolet 

Problem for (QED)3" 

JONATHAN DIMOCK, State University of New 

York. Buffalo: Member. School of Mathematics 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"A Lower Bound for Approximate Nearest Neighbor 


AMIT CHAKRABARTI, Princeton University: 

Member, School of Matherruitics 

November 7 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "Variational Approach to 

Mather Connecting Theorem and Arnold's Example 

of Diffusion" 

VADIM KALOSHIN, Massachusetts Institute of 

Technology: Member, School of Mathematics 

Special Seminar: "Computation of Crystal 


ZHIPING LI, Peking University 

November 8 

Applied Math/Statistical Physics Seminar: "Various 

Fluid Equations and Numerical Tests of Their 

Equivalence to Navier Stokes" 

GIOVANNI GALLAVOTTI, Universita degli Studi di 

Roma. La Saptenza and Rutgers University 

Stochastic Analysis and Modeling Seminar: 
"Stochastic Navier-Stokes Equations" 
JONATHAN MATTINGLY, Stanford University: 
Member. School of Mathematics; LAI-SANG 
YOUNG, Courani Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 
Neu; York University; XIAOMING M. WANG, Iowa 
State University; Member, School of Mathematics 

November 1 1 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"How Intractable is the 'Invisible Hand': Polynomial 

Time Algorithms for Market Equilibria" 


November 12 

Analysis/Math Physics Seminar: "MHL") Turbulence" 

PETER GOLDREICH, California Institute of 

Technology; V'isinng Professor, School of Natural 


Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"A Lower Bound for Approximate Nearest Neighbor 


AMIT CHAKRABARTI, Pnnceton University: 

Member, School of Mathematics 

November 14 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "Variational Approach to 

Mather Connecting Theorem and Arnold's Example 

of Diffusion (Continued)" 

VADIM KALOSHIN, Massachusetu Institute of 

Technology; Member. School of Mathematics 

No\ ember 15 

Applied Math/Statistical Physics Seminar: "Statistics 

of Fourier Amplitudes in the Kazantsev-Kraichnan 

Dynamo Model" 

SERGEY NAZARENKO, The University of Warwick 

November 18 

Members Seminar: "K3 Surfaces vs. Principal G- 

bundles on Elliptic Curves, A Comparison of the 

Moduli Spaces" 

ADRIAN CLINCHER, Columbia University; 

Member, Schools of Malhemtirics arui Natural Sciences 

November ]■-) 

Analysis/Math Physics Seminar: "The Phase Transi- 
tion in the Biased Integer Partitioning Problem" 
JENNIFER CHAYES, Microsoft Research 

November 21 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: 'Tangent Bundle 


ENRIQUE PUJALS, Instituto Nacional de Matcmdtica 

Pura e Aplicada. Brazil 

November 22 

Members Seminar: "Asymptotic Stability of N- 

Solitons of NLS" 

IGOR RODNIANSKI, Princeton L'niversity, Member, 

School oj Mathematics 



NiiveinKT 2^ 

Computer Science/Discrete M.ith Seminar I: 
"Erdiv^-Renyi Scalmg for the n-Cuhe and Beyond" 
CHRISTIAN BORGS, Microsoft Reiearch 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Semmar II: 
"Graphs with Tmy Vector Chromatic Numbers and 
Huge Chromatic Numbers" 
MICHAEL LANGBERG, Uci^jTumn Imntute of 
Science, Israel 

NovemK-r 2fi 

Analysis/Math Physics Seminar: "Statistical Physics 

of Non-Equihbrium Disordered and Frustrated Many 

Body Systems" 

DAVID SHERRINGTON, L'mVersirv of Oxford; 

Member, School of Mathematics 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar III: 

"Combinatorial Reconstruction Using Invariant 


LUKE PEBODY. University of Memphis: Member. 

School of Matherruittcs 

December 2 

Members Seminar: "Suppon Varieties tor Finite 

Group Schemes" 

JULIA PEVTSOVA, Nort/iu'estem University; 

MeiTiber. School of Mathematics 

Decembc 3 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 

"Combinatorial Reconstruction Using Invariant 

Polynomials (Continued)" 

LUKE PEBODY, L'niversirv of Memphis: Member, 

School of Mathevnatics 

December 5 

Arnold Dififusion Seminar: "Geometry of High 

Frequency Vibrations" 

MARK LEVI, Penn State Universiry 

December 6 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "Nekhoroshev Estimates 

for Stability of Nearly Integrable Hamiltonian 

Systems" (An Elementary Introduction) 

DMITRY DOLGOPYAT, Pennsylvania State Unitersiry; 

Member, School of Mathematics 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "A Lagrangian Proof of 

Moser's Twist Theorem" 

MARK LEVI, Penn State University 

Math Seminar: "Generalized Polynomial Chaos for 

Stochastic PDLs" 

IX^NGBIN XIU, BrouTi Unii'ersit> 

Conference on Stixhastic and Multi-scale Problems 
in the Sciences 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Fofbidden Information" 

LEONID A. LEVIN, Boston Universiry 

December 10 

Conference on Stochastic and Multi-scale Problems 

in the Sciences 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 
"Inapproximability and Instance Complexity of the 
Distributed Minimum Spanning Tree Problem" 
MICHAEL ELKIN, Wci;mann Institute of Science, 
Israel: Member. School of Mathematics 

December 1 1 

Conference on Stochastic and Multi-scale Problems 

in the Sciences 

LVceinber 1 2 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "Diffusion in PDE" 

JEAN BOURGAIN, Professor. School ofMathemaacs 

IVceniber 1 3 

Arnold Diffusion Seminar: "Critical Saddle-Node 

Bifurcations and Morse-Smale Maps" 

BRIAN HUNT, Universiry of Maryland. College Park 

December 16 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 

"Derandomizing Low Degree Tests via Epsilon-Biased 


ELI BEN-SASSON, Harvard University 

Members Seminar: "SL(2,p): Computations, 
Quantum Chaos, and Conjectures" 
DANIEL ROCKMORE, Dartmouth College: Member. 
School of Mathematics 

L")ecember 1 7 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 

"Path Algebras for FFTs on Groups" 

DANIEL ROCKMORE, Dartmouth College: Member. 

School of Mathematics 


Institute for advanced study 

January' 9 

Analysis/Math Physics and Applied Math/Statistical 

Physics Seminar: "3D Navier-Stokes and Euler 

Equations with Initial Data Characterized by 

Uniformly Large Vorticity" 

ALEX MAHALOV, Arizona State University 

January 13 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"Lower Bounds for Matrix Multiplication" 
AMIR SHPILKA, Harvard University and 
Mossoc/iusetts Institute of Technology 

January 14 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 
"New Lattice Based Cryptographic Constructions" 
ODED REGEV, Member, School of Mathematics 

January 20 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"A Second Threshold for the Hard-Core Model" 

|.inuar\' 2 1 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 

"Inapproximability of the Distributed Minimum 

Spanning Tree Problem" 

MICHAEL ELKIN, Weizmann Institute of Science, 

Israel; Member, School of Mathematics 

January 24 

Stochastic Analysis and Modeling Seminar: 
"Three Wave Interaction for Ocean Turbulence?" 
ALEXANDER BALK, University of Utah; Member. 
School of Mathematics 

January' 27 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 
"The Exact Turan Number of rhe Fano Plane" 
PETER KEEVASH, Princeton University 

Members Seminar: "Asymptotics of Toeplitz and 

Hankel Determinants" 

PERCY DEIFT, Courant Institute of Mathematical 

Sciences, New York University; Member. School of 


January 28 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11; 

"Perfect Graphs" 

PAUL SEYMOUR, Pnnceton University 

January' 29 

Aspects of Integrable Systems: "Geometric Methods 
in Nonlinear Dynamics: A Survey PART 1: 
Integrable Hierarchies of Nonlinear PDEs" 
EMMA PREVIATO, Boston UniveTsit>'; Member, 
School of Mat/iematics 

Aspects of Integrable Systems: "Geometric Methods 

in Nonlinear Dynamics: A Survey PART 11: ACI 

(Algebraically Completely Integrable) Hamiltonian 


EMMA PREVIATO, Boston University; Member, 

School of Mathematics 

January 30 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "SLE and Scaling 


STANISLAV SMIRNOV, Royal Institute of Technology, 
Sweden; Member. School of Mathematics 

February 3 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"The Number of Directions Determined by n Points 

in Space" 

JANOS PACH, City College of New York and Ren^i 

Institute , Budapest 

Members Seminar: "Asymptotics of Toeplit: and 

Hankel and Toeplit: Matrices via Riemann Hilbert 


PERCY DEIFT, Courant Institute o/ Mai/iematica/ 

Sciences, Netv York University; Member. School of 


February 4 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 

"Testing Large Directed Graphs" 

NOG A ALON, Tel Avw University 

February 6 

Statistical Mechanics: "Coulomb Gas Methods for 2d 

Critical Behavior" 

JOHN CARDY, All Souk College, University of 

Oxford; Member, Schools of Mathematics and Natural 


February 7 

Stochastic Analysis and Modeling: "Dimensional 

Reduction of Mechanical Systems with Heat Bath" 

RAZ KUPFERMAN, Laurence Berkeley National 




Fehmarv' 10 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1; 
"Coloring Products of Graphs, A Fourier Approach" 
EHUD FRIEDGUT, Hehrcu' L'ni«'iTsir>' ofjmisiilcm 

Stochastic Mixlcliny Sonunar: "Adaptive Predictum 


ALEXANDER CHORIN, L'nu'ersit> ofCcdifomia. 

Berkeley I 1 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 
"Set-Systems with Restricted $k$-Wise Intersections" 
BENNY SUDAKOV, Princeton L'niiersit^; Member. 
School of Mat/ienuitics 

Fehruar>- 12 

Aspects of Integrable Systems: "Random Characteris- 
tic Polynomials: Riemann-Hilbert Approach" 
EUGENE STRAHOV, Bn^ncl L'nii-ersit^, England 1 i 

Princeton/IAS/Rutgers Number Theory Seminar: 
"Integral Points on Algebraic Curves and Surfaces" 

Special Analysis Seminar: "Theory of Continuous 


SEMYON ALESKER, Tel Aw Universin and 

Universicy of Chicago 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Dimers on Periodic 

Planar Graphs" 

ANDREI OKOUNKOV, Pnnceton University 

February 17 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 

"Chromatic Number of the Plane and its Relatives: 

History, Problems, Results" 

ALEXANDER SOIFER, D/MACS, Rutgers University 

and Unwersiry of Colorado 

Members Seminar: "How Rain Starts" 
GREGORY FALKOVICH, Weizmmn Institute of 
Saence, Israel; Member, School o/ Mathematics 

February 18 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"Quantum Time-Space Tradeoffs for Sorting" 

HARTMUT KLAUCK, Centrum I'oor Wiskunde en 

Informatica. The Netherlaruls: Member. School of 


February 20 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Stationary Solutions 
of Stochastic Differential Equations with Memory" 
YURI BAKHTIN, Instiiuie for Advanced Stud> 

February 24 

Qimputer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Approximation Complexity of MIN-BISECTION 


MAREK KARPINSKl, L'nn'ersii> of Bonn 

February 2S 

Computer Science/L^iscrete Math Seminar II: 

"Systems of Linear Equations Hard for k-DNF 


ALEXANDER RAZBOROV, Member, School of 


February 26 

Aspects of Integrable Systems: "Solitons and Many- 
Body Systems in Algebraic Geometry" 
DAVID BEN-ZVI, University of Chicago 

February 27 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Superdiffusivity of 

Two Dimensional Lattice Gas with Navier-Stokes 

Equation as the Formal Limit" 

HORNG-TZER YAU, Courant Institute of 

Mathcmarical Sciences, New York University; Member, 

School of Mathemarics 

March 3 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Coin Flipping From a Cosmic Source; or, On Error 

Correction of Truly Random Bits" 

RYAN O'DONNELL, Massachusetts Institute of 


Conference on Stochastic Partial Differential 

March 4 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Reading Seminar: 
"Exponential Lower Bound for 2-Query Locally 
Decodable Codes via a Quantum Argument (on the 
paper by lordanis Kerenidis and Ronald de Wolf)" 
XIAODONG SUN, Rutgers University, Piscataway; 
Member, School of Mathematics 

Conference on Stochastic Partial Differential 


Institute for advanced study 

March 5 

Conference of Stochastic Partial Differential 


March 6 

Conference of Stochastic Partial Differential 


Joint Princeton/IAS/Rutgers Analysis and Number 

Theory: "Combinatorial Measure Theory Problems 

Related to the Kakeya Conjecture" 

JEAN BOURGAIN, Professor, School of Mathematics 

March 7 

Conference of Stochastic Partial Differential 


March 10 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 

"Learning Juntas" 

ROCCO SERVEDIO, Columhm L'nii'ersii>> 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar; "Branched Polymers 

and Dimensional Reduction" 

JOHN CARDY, All Souls College, Unwersay of 

Oxford; Member Schools of Mathematics and Natural 


March 1 1 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 

"Long Arithmetic Progressions in Sumsets and 

Erdos-Folkman Conjecture" 

VAN VU, University of California, San Diego 

March 12 

Stochastic Analysis and Modeling Seminar: 

"Introduction to Hydrodynamic Limit of Interacting 

Particle Systems" 

HORNG-TZER YAU, Courant Institute of 

Mathematical Sciences, New York University; Member, 

School of Mathematics 

March 1 3 

Princeton/IAS/Rutgers Analysis and Number Theory 
Seminar: "Exceptional Zero and Prime Numbers" 
HENRYK IWANIEC, Rutgers University 

March 17 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Chromatic Number of the Plane and Its Relatives: 

History, Problems, Results" 


and University of Colorado 

March 18 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Reading Seminar: 
"Lower Bounds for Multi-Party Set Disjointness" 
AMIT CHAKRABARTl, Pnnceion University; 
Member, School of Mathematics 

March 19 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "On the Spaces of 
Flat Connections and L^iagonal Curvatures" 
VLADIMIR ZAKHAROV Anjona University 

March 20 

Conference on Turbulence 

March 21 

Conference on Turbulence 

March 22 

Conference on Turbulence 

March 24 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Generalized Compact Knapsacks, Cyclic Lattices, 

and Efficient One-Way Functions from Worst-Case 

Complexity Assumptions" 

DANIELE MICCIANCIO, University of California, 

San Diego 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 11: 
"Discrete Analytic Functions and Global Information 
from Local Observation" 
LASLO LOVASZ, Microsoft Research 

March 25 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar III: 

"Algebraic C^onsrraint Satisfaction Problems" 

MADHU SUDAN, Massachusetts Institute of 


Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar IV: 
"List-Decoding Using the XOR Lemma" 
LUCA TREVISAN, Berkeley University 

March 26 

Number Theory Seminar: "Limits of Semi-Stable 


LAURENT BERGER, Harvard University 

Aspects of Integrable Systems Seminar: "Hidden 
Symmetries in Integrable Systems and Dynamical 
Poisson Groupoids" 
LUEN-CHAU LI, Penns-y/vania State Universirv 



Aspects oi Integrable Systems Seminar: "Integrable 

Chains on Algebraic Curves" 

IGOR KRICHEVER, Colmnhw L'niitT5it> 

M.iah M 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"On the lmp<.issibiht>- of Dimension Reduction in 11" 

BO BRINKMAN, Pnnceton I'mtCTsit? 

Marston Morse Memorial Lecture: "Motlvic 

Algebraic Topolog>'" 

FABIEN MOREL, Imntut dt- Muth^matuju^ de htssieu 

Member Seminar; "How Rain Starts" 
Science, Israel; Member, School of Mathematics 

April 1 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 
"Extractors - Optimal Up To Constant Factors" 
OMER REINGOLD, .Member, School of Mathematics 

April : 

Marston Morse Memorial Lecture: "Motivic Algebraic 


FABIEN MOREL, Imncut de Mathimadque de Jussieu 

April ^ 

Marston Morse Memorial Lecture: "Motivic Algebraic 


FABIEN MOREL, Institut de Mathematique de }ussieu 

April 4 

Geometric Representation Theory Seminar: 

"Homomorphisms of the Icosahedral Group into 

Semisimple Groups" 

GEORGE LUSZTIG, Massachusetts Institute of 


April 7 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Scale-Free Random Graphs" 

BELA BOLLOBAS, University of Memphis and 

University of Cambridge 

April 10 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Passive Transpiirt by 

Stochastic Flows" 

DMITRY DOLGOPYAT, Pennsylvania State Umiersit^; 

Member. Sc/iool of Matbcmurics 

April 14 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar 1: 
"Adding Random Edges to Dense Graphs" 
MICHAEL KRIVELEVICH, Tel Aviv Lfniversity 

Special Seminar: "Global Attractors for Generalized 


JOHN B.\LL, L'niversiry of Oxford: Member, School of 


.^pril 17 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Sticky Flows on the 


OLIVIER RAIMOND, Vniversiti Paris-Sud 

Stochastic Modeling Seminar: "Contact Line 
Singularity in TTiin-Film Flows" 
FELIX OTTO, University of Bonn 

April 21 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 

"Analysis of Boolean Functions and Various 


MULl SAFRA, Tel Avw University 

April 24 

Stochastic Modeling Seminar: "Around Random 

Burgers on Unbounded Domains" 

KOSTl'A KHANIN, Neivton Institute. Cambridge 


.April 25 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Kraichnan Model 

and Stochastic Differential Equations" 

YVES LE JAN, Universite Pans-Sud 

.April ^) 

Aspects of Integrable Systems: "The Large N 
Expansion for a Random Matrix Partition Function" 
NICK ERCOLANI, University of Arizona. Tucson 

Aspects of Integrable Systems: "Universality of 
Discrete Orthogonal Polynomial Ensembles" 
JINHO BAIK, Princeton University 


Institute for advanced study 

April > 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"Partial Results on the Total Colouring Conjecture" 
BRUCE REED, McGill University 

Special Stochastic Modeling Seminar: "Multiscale 

Computation of Turbulent Flames via Asymptotic 


ANNE BOURLIOUX, Urdversity of Montreal 

Statistical Mechanics Seminar: "Multifractality of the 
SRB Measures in the Kraichnan Flow" 
PETER HORVAl, Ecole Polyiechnique and Ecole 
Normale Superieure de Lyon 

April 50 

Aspects of Integrable Systems Seminar: 

"Gromov-Witten Theory 1" 

ANDREI OKOUNKOV, Pnnceton Unwersivy 

Aspects of Integrable Systems Seminar: 

"Gromov-Witten Theory 11" 

RAHUL PANDHARIPANDE, Pnnceton University 

Mav 1 

Stochastic Modeling Seminar: "Computational 

Studies of Conformational Transitions of Parts of the 

ATP Synthase" 

PAUL MARGARAKIS, Harvard Universe 

Jiini- ^ 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar II: 

"On the Rectangle Bound in Communication 


HARTMUT KLAUCK, Centrum voor Wiskunde en 

Informatica. The Net/ierlatvis: Member, School of 



Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar III: 
"Noise-Resistant Boolean Functions Are Juntas" 
GUY KINDLER, Tel Aviv Unwersity 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"Optimal Integer Arrangement on the Square Grid" 
JOZSEF BALOGH, Ohio State Unwersity 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"Dual-Bounded Monotone Properties" 
LEONID KHACHIYAN, Rutgers University 

Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"Frugality in Path Auctions" 
EDITH ELKIND, Princeton L'niversiry 

May 13 
Neuroscience Day 


Computer Science/Discrete Math Seminar I: 
"Tracking Frequent Items Dynamically" 



had been a Member at the Institute a decade ago, 
but the reality proved better than my youthful 
memories of the place. Beyond all, it is 
the inspiring intellectual environment that makes 
this place so rare and precious . " 

— Member, School of Natural Sciences 

Working in t^ Common Room, Bloomierg Hall 



STEPHEN L. ADLER. Particle Physics 

Neu' Jersey Alhen Emsuin Pro/essor 

JOHN N. BAHCALL, Astrophysics 

Richard Black Professor 

JUAN MALDACENA, Theoretical Physics 

NATHAN SEIBERG, Theoretical Ph>'sics 

EDWARD WITTEN, Mathematical Physics 

Charles Simonyi Professor 

Professor Emeritus 
FREEMAN J. DYSON, Mathematical Physics and Astrophysics 

W.M. Keck Visiting Associate in Cosmology 
MATIAS ZALDARRIAGA, Astrophysics ■ / 

Visiting Professors 

PETER GOLDREICH, Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology 
ARNOLD LEVINE, Molecular Biology 


PROFESSOR STEPHEN ADLER's time this year has been devoted primarily to work on 
fundamentals of quantum mechanics. He wrote a paper generalizing the Weisskopf- 
Wigner theory for the line shape and transition rates of decaying states to the case of the 
energy-driven stochastic Schrodinger equation. The calculation shows that the line 
shape is unchanged, but that the stochastic terms alter the early time transient rate of the 
decay in a way that eliminates the quantum Zeno effect. This result was used to place 
bounds on the stochasticity parameter using data from charmed meson decays. Using a 
simplified form of the analysis suggested by Lajos Diosi, who visited the Institute from 
Hungary for a month in the fall of 2002, Professor Adler also computed the stochastic 
modifications of the Rabi oscillations for a two-level system, which can again be used to 
set experimental bounds on the stochasticity parameter. 

Professor Adler's main project throughout the year has been completion of a book 
entitled Qiumtum Mechanics as an Emergent Phenomenon, and subtitled "The Statistical 
Dynamics of Global Unitary Invariant Matrix Models as the Precursor of Quantum Field 
Theory", that is now under contract with Cambridge University Press. This book is a 
revised and expanded version of a draft preprinted last year on the high energy theory 
archive, and gives a detailed development ot work by Professor Adler and collaborators 
over the last 8 years on the idea that the classical dynamics of non-commutative matrix 
variables can lead, in the statistical thermodynamic approximation, to an emergent 


Institute for advanced study 

quantum field theory. The book also suggests that Brownian motion corrections to this 
thermodynamics can give an underlying justification for proposals by Ghirardi, Rimini, 
and Weber, by Pearle, and others, that stochastic modifications of the Schrodinger equa- 
tion can give a phenomenology of state vector reduction. It is anticipated that the book 
will be ready for submission to the publisher around mid-June, 2003. 

In the Academic year 2002-03, PROFESSOR JOHN BAHCALL worked on a clean 
method for measuring or limiting the cosmological time-dependence of the fine-structure 
constant, an empirical analysis of the energy spectrum of ultra-high energy (> 1019 eV) 
cosmic rays, and a series of problems related to solar neutrino physics and astronomy. 

Together with C. Steinhardt and D. Spergel (of Princeton University), Bahcall developed 
the O 111 emission line method for testing the time-dependence of the fine structure con- 
stant. This method has the advantage that no assumptions need be made regarding the 
velocity structure of the clouds producing the emission lines and, moreover, the lines are 
so prominent that all of the measurements can be made algorithmically and with no 
ambiguities. The use of SDSS quasar spectra produced a significant limit on the time 
dependence of alpha, one that is free from the questionable assumptions that plague some 
other methods. The O 111 method is now being applied to more distant quasar whose 
higher resolution spectra are being obtained at Keck (Bahcall is the PI on one such 
observing proposal that was recently awarded Keck time for this purpose.). 

Bahcall and Eli Waxman (Weizmann Institute of Science) analyzed the energy spectra of 
UHE cosmic rays from different experiments. They showed that the observed energy 
spectra from the Fly's Eye, Yakutsk, HiRes, Haverah Park, and AGASSA experiments are 
all in agreement with each other (within small adjustments of the energy scales that are 
consistent with the published energy uncertainties) below 5*1019 eV and, all except 
AGASSA, show strong evidence for the GZK cutoff above 5*1019 eV. 

Together with M. C. Gonzalez-Carcia (CERN and SUNY, Stony Brook) and C. Pena- 
Garay (Valencia, Spain, and IAS), Bahcall wrote a series of four articles on topics relat- 
ed to solar neutrinos. They developed a method for determining both the total 8B neu- 
trino flux from the Sun and the sterile component of the flux, using the fact that solar 
neutrino experiments determine the neutrino mixing parameters (but not the total flux), 
whereas the total flux and the observed rate are known for the KamLAND reactor exper- 
iment. Combining solar and reactor experiments, one can limit the sterile component of 
the total 8B neutrino flux. They then applied their method to the recently released Kam- 
LAND reactor data, finding a total 8B neutrino flux of 1 .0 ± 0.06 times the standard solar 
model flux and an upper limit of 9% for the sterile fraction (at Is). Other results include 
showing that only the LMA solution is allowed at 4.7s, and maximal mixing is disfavored 
at 3.3s. These same authors tested the standard solar model prediction that the Sun 
shines primarily by energy derived from nuclear reactions in the proton-proton chain, not 
the CNO cycle (as originally suggested by Bethe). Using all available solar and reactor 
experiments, they succeeded in placing an upper limit of 7.8% on the fraction of the solar 
luminosity that is derived from CNO reactions. This upper limit represents an order of 
magnitude improvement over previous limits based upon solar neutrino experimental 
data. In an earlier paper, Bahcall, Gonzalez-Garcia, and Pena-Garay used the publication 
of the SNO neutral current and charged current data to make a global analysis of all 
available data on solar neutrinos. In the course o{ this work, they introduced several 



improvements in the methcxls of analysis that influence the allowed regions of neutrino 
oscillation parameter space. In addition to computing accurately the allowed regions, the 
authors used their results to predict the values oi 10 oKservahles that will he measured in 
the future by the BOREXINO, KamLANP, .md SNO experiments and a generic detec- 
tor of p-p solar neutrinos. 

VISITING PROFESSOR PETER GOLDREICH completed several projects during the 
2002-03 academic year. 

Work in collaboration with Nicole Rappaport on the origin of chaos in the Prometheus- 
Pandora system demonstrated that the chaotic orbits of Prometheus and Pandora, two 
small satellites ot Saturn, are due to interactions associated with their 121:118 mean 
motion resonance. Differential precession splits this resonance into a quartet of compo- 
nents equally spaced in frequency. Libration widths of the individual components exceed 
the splitting resulting in resonance overlap which causes the chaos. A single degree of 
freedom model captures the essential features of the chaotic dynamics. Mean motions of 
Prometheus and Pandora wander chaotically in zones of width l.Sdegy' and 3.1degy', 
respectively. These results are scheduled to be published in Icarus. 

Professor Goldreich also worked on planet - disk symbiosis, in collaboration with Re em 
Sari. Planets form in disks around young stars. Interactions with these disks cause them to 
migrate and thus affect their final orbital periods. We suggest that the connection between 
planets and disks may be deeper and involve a symbiotic evolution. By contributing to the 
outward transport of angular momentum, planets promote disk accretion. Here we demon- 
strated that planets sufficiently massive to open gaps could be the primary' agents driving 
disk accretion. Tliose having masses below the gap opening threshold drift inward more 
rapidly than the disk material and can only play a minor role in its accretion. Eccentricity 
growth during gap formation may involve an even more intimate symbiosis. Given a small 
initial eccentricity, just a fraction of a percent, the orbital eccentricity of a massive planet 
may grow rapidly once a mass in excess of the planet's mass has been repelled to form a gap 
around the planet's orbit. Then, as the planet's radial excursions approach the gap's width, 
subsequent eccentricity growth slows so that the planet's orbit continues to be confined 
within the gap. This work will be published in ApJ Letters. 

Professor Goldreich worked with Michael Efroimsky on gauge freedom in the N-body 
problem of celestial mechanics. Whenever a standard system of six planetary equations 
(in the Lagrange, Delaunay, or other form) is employed, the trajectory resides on a 9(N- 
l)-dimensional submanifold of the 12(N-l)-dimensional space spanned by the orbital 
elements and their time derivatives. The freedom in choosing this submanifold reveals an 
internal symmetry inherent in the description of the trajectory by orbital elements. This 
freedom is analogous to the gauge invariance of electrodynamics. In traditional deriva- 
tions of the planetary equations this freedom is removed by hand through the introduc- 
tion of the Lagrange constraint, either explicitly (in the variation-of-parameters method) 
or implicitly (in the Hamilton-Jacobi approach). This constraint imposes the condition 
that the orbital elements osculate the trajectory, i.e., that both the instantaneous posi- 
tion and velocity be fit by a Keplerian ellipse (or hyperbola). Imposition of any supple- 
mentary constramt different from that of Lagrange (but compatible with the equations of 
motion) would alter the mathematical form of the planetary equations without affecting 
the physical trajectory. 


Institute for advanced study 

For coordinate-dependent perturbations, any gauge different from that of Lagrange makes 
the Delaunay system non-canonical. In a more general case of disturbances dependent also 
upon velocities, there exists a "generalised Lagrange gauge" wherein the Delaunay system 
is symplectic (and the orbital elements are osculating in the phase space). This gauge 
reduces to the regular Lagrange gauge for perturbations that are velocity-independent. 

We provided a practical example illustrating how the gauge formalism coi«iderably sim- 
plifies the calculation of satellite motion about an oblate precessing planet. Professor 
Goldreich will continue work on the origin of magnetic fields of millisecond pulsars, in 
collaboration with Feryal Ozel; on imbalanced strong MHD turbulence, in collaboration 
with Yoram Lithwick; and on an explanation for the spectrum of density fluctuations in 
the solar wind. 

VISITING PROFESSOR ARNOLD LEVINE's report for the academic year can be found 
in the Report for the Program in Theoretical Biology on page 122. 

During the 2002-03 academic year, PROFESSOR jUAN MALDACENA researched the 
following topics. First, he continued to work on plane waves in string theory. These are 
interesting because they are non-trivial spacetimes where one can solve string theory 
exactly. In addition, an interesting relationship to integrable systems has been dis- 
covered. These plane waves were analyzed in lightcone gauge and it was not obvious that 
they solved the string equations of motion. That question was settled when it was shown, 
using the Berkovits formalism, that they indeed solve the equations. 

Maldacena then computed the leading non-Gaussian effects in single field inflationary 
models. It is well known that inflation predicts a spectrum of fluctuations that is Gauss- 
ian to high accuracy. But the level of non-Gaussian effects was only crudely estimated. 
Maldacena computed the precise form of the non-Gaussian aspects of the primordial 
fluctuations. He found that in single field inflationary models they are too small (by two 
orders of magnitude) to be measurable by the MAP and Planck satellites. He showed the 
formal similarity between this computation and similar computations in Anti-de-Sitter 
spacetimes, which are relevant in AdS/CFT. 

With M. M. Sheikh-Jabbari and M. Van Raamsdonk, Maldacena considered the problem 
of the transverse 5 brane in the matrix formulation of M-theory. Matrix theory is a pro- 
posal for a full description of M-theory. It has been technically hard to show that it indeed 
contains the 5-brane in the spectrum. In their joint paper, a concrete proposal was made 
for the corresponding state and some evidence given in support of the proposal. 

With O. Lunin and L. Maoz, Maldacena constructed a large family of gravity solutions 
corresponding to supersymmetric states in A<iS3. These states are predicted by AdS/CFT 
and a precise gravity description was considered. 

Finally, with N. Lambert and H. Liu, the problem of decaying D-branes was considered. 
Maldacena computed the precise nature of the closed strings that come out of decaying D- 
branes and proposed that these closed strings are all that remain once the tachyon decays. 

Maldacena is planning to continue working on some ot these problems during the rest of 
the academic year. 


During this period, PROFESSOR NATHAN SEIBERG's work had two themes. He stud- 
ied strings in time-dependent backgrounds and the dynamics ot supersymmetric gauge 

In a series ot papers with H. Liu and G. Moore, string theory in time dependent hack- 
grounds was explored. They focused on solvable models in which classical string effects 
can be exactly analy:ed. They formulated conditions for a time-dependent orbitold to 
be amenable to perturbative string analysis and classified the low-dimensional orbifolds 
satisfying these conditions. The simplest example they studied was a time-dependent 
orbifold with a null singularity. The singularity separates a contracting universe from an 
expanding universe, thus constituting a big crunch followed by a Big Bang. 

These theories were quantired both in light-cone gauge and covariantly. They analy:ed 
the tree and torus amplitudes oi some of these orbifolds. The tree amplitudes exhibit a 
new kind ot infrared divergences which are a result of some ultraviolet effects. These UV 
enhanced IR divergences can be interpreted as due to back reaction of the geometry. 
They argued that for this reason the three dimensional parabolic orbifold is not amenable 
to perturbation theory. Similarly, the smooth four dimensional null-brane tensored with 
sufficiently few noncompact dimensions also appears problematic. However, when the 
number of noncompact dimensions is sufficiently large, perturbation theory in these 
time-dependent backgrounds seems consistent. 

The implications of these results for the Ekpyrotic/Cyclic Model were discussed. 

The work ot Dijkgraaf and Vafa on the interesting connection between matrix model and 
supersymmetric gauge theories has led to the other theme in Seiberg's work. With E 
Cachazo, M.R. Douglas and E. Witten, anomalies and the chiral ring structure in a super- 
symmetric (JfN) gauge theory with an adjoint chiral superfield and an arbitrary super- 
potential were analyzed. A certain generalization of the Konishi anomaly leads to an 
equation which is identical to the loop equation of a bosonic matrix model. This has 
allowed them to solve for the expectation values of the chiral operators as functions of a 
finite number of "integration constants." From this, they derived the Dijkgraaf- Vafa 
relation of the effective superpotential to a matrix model. Some of their results are 
applicable to more general theories. For example, they determined the classical relations 
and quantum deformations of the chiral ring of N = 1 super Yang-Mills theory with 
S\J(N) gauge group, showing, as one consequence, that all supersymmetric vacua of this 
theory have a nonzero chiral condensate. 

These theories were further studied with F. Cachazo and E. Witten. The classical theory 
has several vacua labeled by integers (Nj, Nj, •■•. Nj^). with the classical unbroken gauge 
group n, (J(Nj). Quantum mechanically, each classical vacuum leads to 0, N, different 
vacua. As the parameters of the classical superpotential are varied, these vacua change 
in a continuous (and holomorphic) fashion. Tliey found that vacua associated with (Nj, 
Nj, ••■, N(^) can be continuously transformed to vacua with (N|, N2, ..., N/^), thus lead- 
ing to a new kind of duality. Traditional order parameters, like the Wilson loop and 
't Hooft loop, sometimes distinguish different phases. They also found phases that are not 
distinguished by conventional order parameters. The whole picture of the phase diagram 
is reminiscent of the phase diagram of M-theory. 


Institute for advanced study 

These theories were generaUzed by the inclusion of matter fields in the fundamental and 
anti-fundamental representations. This theory can also be described by a matrix model. 
In particular, the anomaly equations in the gauge theory were identified with the loop 
equations in the matrix model. 

The theories with fundamental matter were further analyzed with F. Cachazo and E. Wit- 
ten, who solved for the expectation values of all chiral operators. A simple geometric pic- 
ture emerged involving a description by a meromorphic one-form on a Riemarm surface. 
The equations of motion are equivalent to a condition on the integrality of periods of this 
form. The solution indicates that all semiclassical phases with the same number of 17(1) 
factors are continuously connected. 

In the Academic Year 2002-03, PROFESSOR EDWARD WITTEN wrote with co- 
authors a series of three papers on supersymmetric gauge theories. The first paper, 
written with F. Cachazo, M. Douglas, and N. Seiberg, obtained an explanation using 
anomalies of results by R. Dijkgraaf and C. Vafa relating gauge theories to matrix 
models. The last two papers, with Cachazo and Seiberg, uncovered many interesting 
physical properties of these theories, such as the role of confinement, oblique confine- 
ment, and the Higgs mechanism in the exact nonperturbative solution and the possibil- 
ity of smoothly interpolating between vacua that from a classical point of view have 
different gauge groups. 

With a graduate student, T Freedman, Witten computed the threshold corrections to 
grand unification in M-theory on a manifold of G2 holonomy. With I. Klebanov, he has 
estimated the proton lifetime in a certain class of orientifold compactifications of Type II 
superstrings — regrettably learning that it is apparently a little too long to be measured 
in the next generation of detectors. Witten has also completed a paper with a student, 
C. Beasley, giving a new explanation of surprising old results about cancellations among 
heterotic string worldsheet instantons. 

Finally, he has investigated a natural group of transformations among three-dimensional 
conformal field theories with global symmetries. 

PROFESSOR EMERITUS FREEMAN DYSON spent much of the year traveling and 
lecturing, and writing reviews and prefaces for other people's books. He served as a mem- 
ber of the NASA Advisory Council, helping to ensure that the excellent NASA program 
of unmanned science missions will not be damaged by the disasters that have overtaken 
the NASA manned mission programs. In the limited time that he spends thinking about 
physics, he is concerned with the question, whether the concept of quantum gravity has 
any operational meaning. Is it possible to devise a thought-experiment by which the 
existence of individual gravitons could be detected? 





Institute for Advanced Study 


Panicle Physics 

Ir\stitute for Advanced Study 


Applied Mathematics 

Institute tor Advanced Study • m 


Particle Physics 

Ecole Normale Sup^rieure, France ■ v, f 

Panicle Physics 
Harvard University 


Quantum Theory 

Institute for Advanced Study 

Mathetnaricol and Particle Physics 
Har\ard University 


Mat/iematical arui Parricic Physics 

All Souls College, University of Oxford • j, s 


Particle Physics 

Institute for Advanced Study 

Mathematical arui Particle Physics 
Columbia University • ; 

Mot/iematical and Particle Physics 
University of Peiuisylvania • s 



University of California, San Diego 


Particle Physics 

Institute for Advanced Study 


Particle Physics 

Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, 

Hungary • v, f 


Particle Physics 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

iVeurnno Asrroph\sics 
Institute for Advanced Study 

Mathematical and Particle Physics 
King's College, London ■ / 



Institute for Advanced Study 


Matherrujtical and Particle Physics 

Institute for Advanced Study 


Particle Physics 

Institute for Advanced Study 



Ohio State University • v, s 

/ First Term • j Joint with Program in Theoretical Biology • m Long Term Member ■ s Second Term • v Visitor 


Institute for advanced study 



Institute for Advanced Study 


Parncle Physics 

Institute for Advanced Study ■ m 



Institute for Advanced Study 


Particle Physics 

Tel Aviv University • v, s 


Particle Physics 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

Particle Physics 
Princeton University • s 

Particle Physics 
University of Pennsylvania 

Neutrino Astrophysics 
University of Bari, Italy ■ v 

Harvard University 


Neutrino Astrophysics 
Institute for Advanced Study 


Mathematical and Panicle Physics 

Ohio State University 



Michigan Technological University • v 


Particle Physics 

Rutgen University, Piscataway 



Johns Hopkins University • v, s 


Particle Physics 

Tel Aviv University • v, / 

Harvard University 


Particle Physics 

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor • / 

Particle Physics 
Hamilton College ■ v 


Neutrino Astrophysics 

Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Spain 

Mathematical and Particle Physics 
New York University • / 



Institute for Advanced Study • m 


Particle Physics 

Ohio State University • s 

Princeton University 

Mathenwrical and Particle Physics 
Seoul National University 

/First Term -j Joint with Program in Theoretical Biology ■ m Long Term Member • s Second Term • v Visitc 





Institute for Ad\anced Study 



Rutgers University', Piscataway • s 

Mac/iemohcol and Particle Physics 
University of Oxford • j, f 



Princeton University • / 



Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel • v 


Particle Physics 

Institute for Advanced Study 

/ First Term • ) Joint with Program in Theoretical Biology • m Long Term Member ■ s Second Term ■ v Visitor 



The following is a calendar of events sponsored by 
the School of Natural Sciences 

Academic Year 2002-03 

September 12 

Astrophysics Seminar; "Physics with Supemovae" 

GEORG RAFFELT, Max Planck Insame for Physics 

September 17 

Astrophysics Seminar: "When Was the Universe 


AVI LOEB, Institute for Advanced Study and Harvard 


September 18 

Astrophysics Seminar; "Small-Scale Structure in 

Lens Galaxies" 

CHARLES KEETON, University of Chicago 

September 24 

Astrophysics Seminar; "The 2dF Galaxy Redshift 

Survey; Cosmological Parameters and Galaxy 


OFER LAHAV, Institute of Astronomy, University of 


September 25 

Astrophysics Seminar; "Studying the Reionization of 
the Universe with Recent and Future Observations" 
RENNAN BARKANA, Tel At-ii; University 

September 30 

High Energy Theory Seminar; "Supersymmetric 

SU(5)xSU(5); Unifying the Ununified Standard 


GRAHAM KRIBS, University of Wisconsin, Madison 

October 1 

Astrophysics Seminar; "DASl CMB Polarization 


JOHN CARLSTROM, University of Chicago 

October 4 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar; "N=l and 

N=2 Field Theory Results from Fluxes" 

FREDDY CACHAZO, Institute for Advanced Study 

October 8 

Astrophysics Seminar; "Kuiper Belt Binaries: 
A New Window on Runaway Accretion" 
PETER GOLDREICH, insritute for Adi-anced Study 
and California Institute of Technology 

October 9 

Astrophysics Seminar; "Occultation and 


ERIC AGOL, California institute of Technology 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Neutrino Oscillations: 

A Summary" 

CARLOS PENA-GARAY, Institute for Advanced 


October 10 

Physics Group Meeting; "Adding Flavors to 

AdS/CFT with Supergraviry Solution of Localized 

Brane Intersections" 

AKIKAZU HASHIMOTO, Institute for Advanced 


October 14 

High Energy Theory Seminar; "New Results in 
Topological Open String Theory" 
MICHAEL DOUGLAS, Rutgers University 

October 15 

Astrophysics Seminar; "Star Formation Thresholds 

and Galaxy Edges" 

JOOP SCHAYE, Institute for Advanced Study 

October 16 

Joint Physics/Astrophysics Seminar: "Gamma-Ray 

Bursts; The Brightest Explosions in the Universe" 

AVI LOEB, Institute for Advanced Study and Harvard 


Astrophysics Seminar: "Energetics and Intrinsic 
Timescales of Gamma-Ray Burst Triggers" 
ENRICO RAMIREZ-RUIZ, Institute of Astronomy 



October 17 

Astrophysics Seminar: "LightninK Up the L>.irk 
Matter: The Galaxy - Dark Matter Connection" 
FRANK VAN DEN BOSCH, Max Planck Institute 

Physics Group Meeting: "Properties and Problems of 
4-D Gravity on a Brane in 5-D Minkowski Space" 
MASSIMO PORRATl, JnstimK for Advanced Study 
and New York L'nii'ersirv 

October k'^ 

Joint Physics/Astrophysics Seminar: 

"Cosmic Rays and the GZK Cutoff" 

ELI WAXMAN. Wei^mann Institute of Science. Israel 

Octohcr ?1 

Astrophysics Papers Discussion Group: "Black Holes 
in Binary Systems. Observational Appearance" by 
Sakura &. Sunyaev (1973) 

Oa.^vr !'< 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 

"A String Theory of Hadrons via a Penrose Limit" 

LEOPOLDO PAN DO ZAYAS, Institute for Advanced 

Study and Uniiiersir* of Michigan, Ann Arbor 

October 22 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Non-Thermal Emission from 

Structure Formation" 

ELI WAXMAN, Weizrrmnn Institute of ScierKe. Israel 


Astrophysics Seminar: "The End of the Dark Ages: 

The Formation of the First Stars and Quasars" 

VOLKER BROMM, Harmrd-Smithsoman Center for 


Joint Physics/Astrophysics Seminar: "Inflation" 
JUAN MALDACENA, /mritute for Advanced Study 

October 24 

Astrophysics Papers Discussion Group: "Formation of 

Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies by Self-Similar 

Gravitational Condensation" by Press & Schechter 


Particle Physics Phenomenology Discussions: 
"Gauge Mediation of Supersymmetry Breaking" 
SCOTT THOMAS, Stanford University 

Physics Group Meeting: "Lepton Flavor Violating 
Processes in Discrimination of the Models of Physics 
Beyond the Standard Model" 
RYUICHIRO KITANO, Insatute for Advanced Study 

Ocr,.!'cr ^- 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "Null-Branes and 

Time Dependence in String Theory" 

JOAN SIMON SOLER, Weizmann Institute of 

Science, Israel 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 
'Non-Planar Anomalies in Noncommutative 
Theories and the Green-Schwarz Mechanism" 
ADl ARMONl, CERN Theory Division 

No\cmber S 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Force-free Electrodynamics 

and Ultrarelativistic Astrophysical Flows" 

ROGER BLANDFORD, California Institute of 


November 6 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Probing the State and 

Composition of the Intergalactic Medium" 

STEVEN FURLANETTO, Harvard Center /or 


joint Physics/Astrophysics Seminar: "Inflation, 
Part 11" 

JUAN MALDACENA, Institute for Advanced Study 

N.Acnilvr 7 

Astrophysics Papers Discussion Group: "Primordial 
Helium Abundance and the Primordial Fireball. 11" 
by Peebles (1966) 

Ninx'iiibti > 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 
"Supersymmetry, Axions, and Cosmology" 
MICHAEL DINE, University of California, Santa Cruj: 

November 1 1 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Entropy in the Intracluster 

Medium: 'Where's the Kaboom? There Was Supposed 

to be an Earth-Shattering Kaboom!' " 

ARIF BABUL, University of Victoria 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "Adventures Beyond 
the Operator Product Expansion" 


Institute for advanced study 

November 12 

Astrophysics Seminar: "CMB Anisotropy: 
Recent and Future Milestones" 
WAYNE HU. University of Chicago 

Analysis-Mathematical Physics Seminar: 
"MHD Turbulence" 

PETER GOLDREICH, Insmute for Advanced Study 
and California histitute of Technology 

NowmlxT 1 1 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Neutrino Flux Predictions for 

Known Galactic Microquasars" 

DAFNE GUETTA, Osservatorio Ascrofisico Arcetri 

Joint Physics/Astrophysics Seminar: "What Can 
CMB and Other Cosmological Observations Tell Us 
About The Early Universe" 
UROS SELJAK, Princeton University 

November 14 

Astrophysics Papers Discussion Group: "The 
Maximum Mass of Ideal White Dwarfs" by 
Chandrasekhar (1931) and "On Massive Neutron 
Cores" by Oppenheimer & Volkoff ( 1939) 

Physics Group Meeting: "Geometries Dual to Chiral 
Primaries in AdS3/CFT2 Correspondence" 
OLEG LUNIN, Institute for Advanced Study 

November 19 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Formation of Supermassive 

Black Holes: Simulations in General Relativity" 

STU SHAPIRO, University of Illinois, Urbana- 


November 20 

Astrophysics Seminar: "The Star Formation History 

of SDSS Galaxies and the Equation of State of Dark 


RAUL JIMENEZ, University of Pennsylvania 

November 2 1 

Astrophysics Papers Discussion Group; "Neutrino 

Oscillations In Matter" by Wolfenstein (1978) 

Physics Group Meeting: "Gauge Mediation with Split 
Messengers and the Higgs Boson Mass in 
Supersymmetric Theories" 
SCOTT THOMAS, Stanford University 

November 25 

High Energy Theor>' Seminar: "M-Theory Action 
and Gauss Law for Manifolds with Boundary" 
GREG MOORE, Rutgers University 

L^'ecember ? 

Astrophysics Seminar: "OGLE Highlights" 

BOHDAN PACZYNSKl, Pnnceton University 

December 4 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Cosmic Magnification" 

BRICE MENARD, Max Planck Institute 

December 6 

High Energy Theory' Lunchtime Seminar: 
"D-Branes in the PP-Wave Background" 
MATTHIAS GABERDIEL, Institute for Advanced 
Study and King's College, London 

December ^ 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Supemo\ae in Galaxy 


AVISHAY GAL-YAM, Tel Aviv University 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "Spacetime Energy- 
Decreases Along Worldsheet RG Flow" 

SHIRAZ MINWALLA, Harvard University 

December 1 1 

Joint Physics/Astrophysics Seminar: "A Simple 
Physicist's Approach to Complex Problems" 
SHMUEL NUSSINOV, Tel Aviv University 

December 12 

Astrophysics Papers Discussion Group: "Pulsar 

Electrodynamics" by Goldreich &. Julian (1969) 

Physics Group Meeting: "Chiral Rings, Anomalies, 

and Matfices" 

NATHAN SEIBERG, Imtitute for Adiwnced Study 

January 8 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Mapping the L')ark Matter: 
Mass Selected Galaxy Clustets from Weak Lensing" 
JOSEPH F. HENNAWI, Pnnceton L'niversity 

January 1 5 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Galaxy Formation: 

The Reioni:ation Years" 

MICHAEL SANTOS, California Institute of Technology 



JanuaiA' -- 

Astrophysics S>eminar: "The Nearest and Farthest 

Supermassive Black Holes in the Universe" 

AVI LOEB, /mncuK far Adt'onced Study and Hanwrd 

L 'nittTsi t^ 

lanu.irs 28 

Astrophysics Seminar "Does the Fine Structure 
Constant Depend upon Cosmological Epoch?" 
JOHN BAHCALL, Instituu- for AdvaiKed Study 

Ia^uar^• 30 

Physics Group Meeting: "Solving Niatrux Model 

Using Holomorphy" 

DAVID BERENSTEIN. Insatuu for Advanced Study 

January- 11 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 

"Gravitational Instantons ot D Type" 

SERGEY CHERKIS, Insntuu for Advanced Study 

Ivhru.irv > 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "A Little Higgs from a 

Simple Group" 

MARTIN SCHMALTZ, Boston L'n.versit^ 

Fcbniar\' 4 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Is LELUYA, Goddess of 

Lightning, Also a Goddess ot Multidimensional 

Radiative Transfer T" 

DEjAN VINKOVIC, Unii-ersit^ of Kentucky 

Astrophysics Seminar: "The Human Genome for 

Physicists and Astronomers" 

ARNOLD LEVINE, Instititte for Advanced Study 

Fohni.irv t 

Astrophysics Seminar: "X-ray Spectroscopy of the 

Isolated Neutron Star 1E1207.4-5209: Atmospheric 

Composition and Equation of State" 

KAYA MORI, Coiumbw Unit^rsiry 

February 6 

Physics Group Meeting: "Lightcone Supergravity on 

PP-Wave and Correspondence to the Super- Yang- 

MiUs Theory" 

J AEMO PARK, Pohang University of Science and 

Technology,' 7 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: "Dynami- 
cal Wavefunction Collapse: Getting Quantum 
Tlieory to Describe Reality" 
PHILIP PEARLE, Hamiiton College 

Fcbru.iry 1 1 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Tlie Star Formation History 

of the LIniverse" 

LARS HERNQUIST, Harvord-SmitAsonian Center /or 


Febru.irv 1 i 

Astrophysics Seminar: "MHD of GRB Jets" 

NEKTARIOS VLAHAKIS, University of Chicago 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "High-Spin Operators 
and Their Duals" 

IGOR KLEBANOV, Institute far Advanced Study and 
Princeton University 

Fobniar\- 18 

High Energy Theory' Seminar: "Families of N=2 Strings" 


February 19 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Dark Matter Cusps and Bars" 
JERRY SELLWOOD. Insrituie far Advanced Study and 
Rutgers University 

Febru.irv 20 

Physics Group Meeting: "Introduction to SLE for 

Theoretical Physicists" 

JOHN CARDY, Insritute for Advanced Study and 

Oxford Universirv 

February 25 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Feeding Black Holes" 

DAVID MERRITT, Rutgers University 

Fobru.irv 27 

Physics Group Meeting 

STEPHEN SHENKER, Stanford University 

February 28 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 
"Behind the Horiion with AdS/CFT" 
STEPHEN SHENKER, Stanford University 

March 1 

High Energy TT\eory Seminar: "De Sitter Vacua in 

String Theory" 

SHAMIT KACHRU, Stanford University 

M.irch 4 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Probing Active Galactic 

Nuclei with High Resolution X-ray Spectroscopy" 

CLAUDE CANIZARES, Massachusetts Institute of 



Institute for advanced study 

March 5 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Large Angle CMB 

Polarization as Reionizationometer" 

GIL HOLDER, Institute jar Advanced Stud> 

March 6 

Physics Group Meeting: "Closed Strings from 

Decaying D-Branes" 

JUAN MALDACEN A, Imtxtute for Advanced SiMd> 

March 1 1 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Spectroscopy of lO-' 
Galaxies: Implications for Cosmic Gastro-Physics" 
TIM HECKM AN, Johns Hopkins University 

March 12 

Astrophysics Semmar: "Reioniiation of Hydrogen 
and Helium hy Early Stars and Quasars" 
STUART WYITHE, University of Melbourne 

March 13 

Physics Group Meeting: "Reviews of Recent Work on 

Godel Universes" 

ERIC GIMON, Imtaute for Advanced Study 

Mirdi 14 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 
"Geometries Dual to Chiral Primaries" 
OLEG LUNIN, Institute for Advanced Study 

March 17 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "The Wave Function 

of a 3-Dimensional Universe" 

SERGEI GUKOV, Harvard University 

March 20 

Physics Group Meeting: "The Closed String 
Tachyons of Nonsupcrsymmetnc Orbifolds" 
RUTH BRITTO, Imtitute for Advanced Study 

March 21 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 

"The Higgs Boson Mass in Supersymmetric Theories" 

TIANJUN LI, /mtilute for Advanced Study 

March 25 

Astrophysics Seminar: "The Formation of Massive 


CHRIS MCKEE, Universit> of California, Berkeley 

March 27 

Physics Group Meeting: "Cosmological Backgrounds 

from Compactifications ot *-theories" 

KLAUS BEHRNDT, Alfccri Einstein Institute for 

Advanced Study 

March M 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "S-Brane 


ALEXANDER MALONEY, Harvard University' 

April 1 

Astrophysics Seminar: "From Sgr A" to the Dark 
Halo: New Results On Galactic Structure" 
ANDY GOULD, Ohio State University 

April 2 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Death in the Dark Ages: 

The First Supernova Explosions" 

VOLKER BROMM, Harvard-Smithsonian Center /or 


April 3 

Physics Group Meeting: "Phases of N = l 
Supersymmetric Gauge Theory with Flavors" 
BO FENG, Institute for Advanced Study 

April 4 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: "Are 
Supersymmetric Compactifications Unstable?" 
GARY HOROWITZ, University of California. 
Santa Barbara 

April 8 

Astrophysics Seminar: "The First Billion Years: 

A Snapshot of Fast Evolving Knowledge and 

Theoretical Speculations" 

PIERO MADAU, University of California. Santa Cruz 

April 9 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Magnetic Reconnection" 

RUSSELL KULSRUD, Pnnceion University 

April 10 

Physics Group Meeting: "Particles and Strings: 
A Route to the Six-Dimensional (2, 0)-Theories" 
MANS HENNINGSON, Chalmers University 

March 26 

Astrophysics Seminar: "L")ark Matter Structure and 

Luminous Mattet Morphology" 

AMR EL-ZANT, University of Kentucky 



April M 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Mars, Panspermia, and the 

OriKin ot Lite: Where Did It All Bej;in.'" 

JOSEPH KIRSCHVINK, Cahfomia Institute of 


Hiph Energ>' Theor>' Seminar: "Evidence for 
Existence of S-Matrix for Strings on Plane Waves" 

April :S 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "Spacelike Brancs and 

Timelike Liouville Theory" 

MICHAEL GUTPERLE, Stanford University 

April 2^5 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Thermal and Nuclear 

Evolution of Accreting White IVarfs" 

LARS BILDSTEN, Institute fur Theoretical Physics, 

Universit^i of Cdifomia 

April 15 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Oscillating Neutrinos from 

Heaven and Earth" 


Univenit^ of New York, Stony Brook 

April V"* 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Transport in the Asteroid 

Belt: Kirkwoixl Gaps, Stable Chaos, and Local 

Integrals of Motion" 

HARRY VARVOGLIS, University of Thessaloniki 

April 10 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Extrasolar Meteors" 


April 1 7 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Manifest CP Violation from 

Neutrino Majorana Phases T' 


Physics Group Meeting: "Black Holes in Godel 

Universes and PP- Waves" 

AKIKAZU HASHIMOTO, Institute for Advanced 


April 21 

Astrophysics Seminar: "On the Stellar Content of 

the Galactic Center" 

MILOS MILOSAVLJEVIC, California Institute of 


April 22 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Planetary Pinballs" 

RE'EM SARI, Cahfomia Institute of Technology 

April 23 

Astrophysics Seminar: "The Implications of WMAP 

Results for Inflation" 

HIRANYA PEIRIS, Princeton University 

M.iy 1 

Physics Group Meeting: "Natural Framework for 

Bi-Large Neutrino Mixing" 

STUART RABY, Institute for Advanced Study and 

Ohio State University 

M.iv : 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 

"Phenomenology of the Minimal SO(IO) SUSY 


STUART RABY, Institute for Advanced Study and 

Ohio State University 

May 5 

High Energy TTieory Seminar: "Strings from 


HERMAN VERLINDE, Pnnceion (Jniversiry 

May 6 

Astrophysics Seminar: "In a Spin: The Origin and 

Fate of Neutron Star Rotation" 

BRYAN GAENSLER, Harvard University 

May 7 

Physics Group Meeting: "Brane-Localized Kinetic 

Terms in the Randall-Sundrum Model" 

HOOMAN DAVOUDIASL, Institute for Advanced 


April 24 

Physics Group Meeting: "Twistors in Higher 


SERGEY CHERKIS, institute for Advanced Study 

May 11 -n 

Neutron Stars on Fire: Thermonuclear Probes of 

Rotation, Magnetism, and Nucleat Physics 



Institute for advanced study 

May 12 

High Energ\- TTieory Seminar: "On Supersymmetric 

Space Forms" 



Astrophysics Seminar: "Cooling, Heating, and 
Conduction in Galaxy Clusters" 
MARCUS BRUGGEN, /ntertwrional Universiry 

Mav 14 

Astrophysics Seminar: "A Correlation of the Cosmic 
Microwave Sky with Large Scale Structure" 
STEPHEN BOUGHN. Haverford College 

May 16 

High Energy Theory Lunchtime Seminar: 
"Large-N Collective Fields and Holography" 
SUMIT DAS, University of Kentucky 

June 1 1 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Save the Sky: Topics in Sky 


ROBERT NEMIROFF, Mic/iigan Tech University 

June 17 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Soft Gamma Repeater Burst 

Activity in Anomalous X-ray Pulsars" 


Mav 20 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Stellar-mass Black Holes as 

X-ray Sources" 

NICK KYLAFIS, University- of Crete 

May 22 

Physics Group Meeting: "From Free Fields to AdS" 

RAJESH GOPAKUMAR, Institute for Advanced 


Mav 27 

High Energy Theory Seminar: "Comparing Strings in 
AdS(5)xS(5) to Planar Diagrams for Wilson Loops" 
KONSTANTIN ZAREMBO, Uppsala University 

May 29 

Physics Group Meeting: "Two-Dimensional String 

Theory and D-Branes" 

IGOR KLEBANOV, Institute for Advanced Study and 

Princeton University 

Astrophysics Seminar: "Observable Consequences 
of SUSY Leptogenesis" 

SASHA DAVIDSON, Institute for Particle Physics 
Phenomenology, University of Durham 

June 27 

High Energy Theory Special Seminar: "Unity of 

Elementary Particles and Forces in Higher 






completed a draft of my main book project . . . most of 
the work is done . This book has been on my agenda for 
several years, but ifVd been on my home campus this 
past year, the book would still be just scattered fragments. 
Another book manuscript . . . had been in fragmentary form as 
of last summer. This past year J finished assembling the pieces, 
edited them , and now have a completed manuscript 
under consideration by three publishers." 

-Member, School of Social Science 

2002-2003 was the second year of the School of Social Science's three-year focus on ethical issues. Shown above are participants in a 

serTUTUiT on lAe topic o/corruplion ami its opposiles: civic virtue, puhhc responsibility, arui bureaucratic rationality. From left to right: 

Jenrufer Hasty. John Gerring, Professor Emeritus Albert O. Hirschnuin, Bremla Chol/in, Rasma KarUins, Professor Michael Waker, 

Madelirxe Kochen. Michael Johmton, Ofrit Liviatan, Neil Englehari, Molgosia Madajewicz, Joao Biehl, and Philip B<md. 



ERIC S. MASKIN. AKvri O Hnschman Professor 
JOAN W. SCOTT, Hur.)ld F UniL-r Professor 
MICHAEL WALZER, L'PS founJatum Professor 

Professors Emeriti 


Visiting Associate Professor 


The School of Social Science invited nineteen scholars from a pool of 112 applicants 
from the United States and abroad to be part of the School's scholarly community as 
Members for the 2002-03 academic year. Seven visitors and two research assistants also 
participated in the year's activities. The National Endowment for the Humanities par- 
tially or fully funded three Members, while two Members were funded with Frederick 
Burkhardt Fellowships through the American Council of Learned Societies. Economists 
were supported by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, as well as the Richard 
B. Fisher and the Deutsche Bank Memberships. Fields of inquiry of the group included 
anthropology (five), economics (seven), history (four), philosophy (one), political 
science (eight), and sociology (three). 

The thematic focus for 2002-03 was "Politics and Ethics: The Case of Corruption." Fac- 
ulty and visiting Members explored a range of i.ssues related to corruption in political and 
economic life, in public and private settings, in Western Europe and North America, in 
the former communist states, and in what used to be called the "Third World." They also 
addressed the questions: What is the opposite of corruption? WTiat is the positive descrip- 
tion of a non-corrupt or less-corrupt state or society? 

The School conducted three seminar series - the Social Science Thursday Luncheon 
Seminar, the Corruption Thematic Seminar (which extended into a summer seminar on 
corruption), and the IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop - and continued 
publication of its Occasional Papers and Economics Working Papers Series. 

Princeton University in the African Studies Program and at Harvard University in the 
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, published an essay entitled "AIDS and Witch- 
craft in Post- Apartheid South Africa" (in The State and its Margins: Comparative Ethno- 
graphies, Veena Das and Debbie Poole), and completed a book entitled V7itc/iCTa/t, 


Institute for advanced study 

Violence, and Democracy in Post-Apartheid South Africa. He continued working with 
researchers from Princeton University on a research project funded by the National Insti- 
tutes of Health entitled "Poverty, Inequality, and Health in Economic Development" 
(NIH Grant ROl AG20275-01) studying health, economic well-being, and community 
relations in South Africa. He also began a new research project examining law, gover- 
nance, and the limits of state regulatory authority in post-colonial contexts. 

PROFESSOR EMERITUS CLIFFORD GEERTZ received an honorary doctorate of laws 
from Colby College in June 2003. His work was the subject of a Presidential symposium 
at the American Anthropological Association in November 2002; the proceedings will be 
published, together with his response, as Interrogating Geenz, Schweder, R. and B. Goode, 
eds.. Fall 2003. A conference on his book Local Knowledge was held at the University of 
Virginia, May 2003. He was a visitor at the University of Michigan Law School during 
the Spring 2003. He published several essay reviews in the New York Review of Books and 
the New Republic, and various scholarly essays, including "An Inconstant Profession; The 
Anthropological Life in Interesting Times," in Annual Review of Anthropology, 2002. An 
interview with him, by N. Panourgia, appeared in Anthropological Theory, 2002. 

Throughout the 2002-03 academic year, PROFESSOR EMERITUS ALBERT O. 
HIRSCHMAN continued to monitor the political economy of developing nations (par- 
ticularly those of Latin America) with daily examination of the unfolding political climate 
of Brazil. His interest in the analysis of the sociopolitical/economic progress of emergent 
populations was acknowledged this year with the conferment of two honorary degrees and 
several publications. 

On June 6, 2002, Professor Hirschman was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree 
from Harvard University. The honor, presented at Harvard's 351st Commencement 
ceremony, was bestowed in recognition of his long career of "trespassing boldly across 
scholarly domains, developing insights into developing societies," and named him "a 
splendid social scientist with a bias for hope and a passion for the possible." 

On October 4, 2002, Professor Hirschman was one of three scholars presented with an 
honoris causa from the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. It was the first 
occasion that honorary degrees had been presented in the 25-year history of the EUl, a 
doctoral and postdoctoral institution committed to the study of Europe and its relations 
with the rest of the world. 

This year also saw several additional translations and reprintings of Professor Hirschman's 
works, among them a Greek language edition of Exit, Voice, arid Loyalty (Papazisis Pub- 
lishers, Athens: 2002); a reprinting of the 1982 Italian edition of E.vit, Voice arvi Loyalty 
(RCS Libri's Studio Bompiani, Milan: 2002); a Chinese edition of T/ie Rfietoric of Reac- 
tion (The Journalist, Taiwan: 2002); and several additional editions — Greek, Chinese, 
Czech, Lithuanian, Slovene — of The Passions arui the Interests. 

In addition to these many recently translated editions of his own works, a book on the 
subject of Professor Hirschman's political-economic theories was also published this aca- 
demic year in France under the title, L'erufuete inachevee: Introduction a I'economie 
politique dAlben O. Hirschman. The book was written by Ludovic Frobert and Cyrille 
Ferraton and was published in January of 2003. 



In July 2002, PROFESSOR ERIC MASKIN gave the keynote address at the Economic 
Design Conference at New Yotk University on the subject ot the 2002 U.K. Cathon 
Emissions auction, which he was invoked in designing. He also spoke on this topic at 
the 2002 International Game Theory conference at SUNY Stony Brook and the 200? 
meeting of the American Economic Association in Washington, D.C., as well as in talks 
at the University of Toulouse and the Catholic University of Louvain. He gave a gradu- 
ate course on auction theory at Princeton University in Spring 2003. 

Professor Maskin lectured on the benefits and drawbacks of making government officials 
more accountable at Har\'ard-M1T, the University o( Pittsburgh, the University of Florida, 
the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, New York University, UCLA, the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, the University of Paris, Rutgers University, and California Institute ot 
Technology. He gave talks on the subject o( majority rule as an election method at cim- 
ferences in Louvain, the University of Rochester, and Malaga, Spain. 

In February' 2003, Professor Maskin was named a Monash Distinguished Visiting Scholar 
in a ceremony in Melbourne, Australia, where he spoke on "Globali:ation and Inequali- 
ty." In January 2003, he began his service as president of the Econometric Society and 
delivered the presidential address in Chicago in June. 

PROFESSOR JOAN SCOTT is completing her book project on le mouvemeni pour la par- 
ite in late twentieth-century France. She lectured at the University of Maine (Orono), 
Har\^ard University, Johns Hopkins University, the University of Bern (Switzerland), 
and the University of Zagreb (Croatia). She gave papers at the meetings of the Ameri- 
can Historical Association and at the Interuniversity Center in Dubrovnik (Croatia). 
Professor Scott served as the School of Social Science's representative on the search com- 
mittee for the Institute directorship. She continues as a senior fellow of the School of 
Criticism and Theory; as an adjunct professor in history at Rutgers University; and as the 
chair of the Committee on Academic Freedom and Tenure of the American Association 
of University Professors. 

During the academic year 2002-03, PROFESSOR MICHAEL WALZER gave the Millen- 
nium Lecture at Delhi University in India, the Hesburgh Lectures at the University of 
Notre Dame, and the Feibel Lecture at Ohio State University; he also lectured at the 
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, the University of Chicago, Loyola University, Indi- 
ana University, Princeton University, the New School, New York University, Columbia 
Law School, DePauw University, the City University of New York, Georgetown Univer- 
sity, the U.S. Naval Academy, and Tel Aviv University (where he also received an hon- 
orary degree). The second volume (of four projected) of The Jewish Political Tradition, 
entitled Membership, was published by Yale University Press. New collections of his 
essays appeared in Italian under the title II Filo della Politica and in German under the title 
Erkldne Kriege-Kriegserkldrungen. His Horkheimer Lectures, published in German in 
1999, appeared in Italian. His book On Toleration came out in a Roumanian edition. 





Institut d'Eriides Politiques 



Princeton University • MF 

Princeton University 



Rutgers University • v, s 


Northwestern University 

University of Florida 



Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales • a 

Polincal Science 
Colgate University ■ n 


Polincal Science 

University of Illinois, Chicago 

Political Science 
Harvard University • a 



Wissenschaftskolleg iu Berlin • v, f 

Political Science 
Tufts University • v 



Columbia University • v 


Political Science 

New School for Social Research • n 

Political Science 
Lafayette College 

Poiiticai Science 
Boston University 



University of Chicago ■ v 



Pacific Lutheran University 



Michigan State University • b 



University College London • MF 



Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales 



University of Michigan • v 



Stanford University • MF 



Brown University 

a Research Assistant • b Burkhardt Fellow • /First Term ■ jv Joint Visitor with Historical Studies • MF Supported 

by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation ■ n Supported hy the National Endowment for the Hiini;inities • 

s Second Term • v Visitor 





University of Chicago ■ n 



University of Chicago • v, s 

Political Science 
Brandeis University ■ / 



University of Pittsburgh • b 

a Research Assistant ■ b Burkhardt Fellow • / First Term • jv Joint Visitor with Historical Studies • MF Supported 

by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation • n Supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities • 

s Second Term • v Visitor 



The following is a calendar of events sponsored by 
the School of Social Science 

Academic Year 2002-03 

September 30 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Strategic Pre-commitment in House Location 


MICHAEL D. WHINSTON, Nonhwesum Unwersity 

OctoK-r 1 

Social Science TTiursday Luncheon Seminar: 

Organizational meeting followed by an open 

discussion on the question of war with Iraq 

MICHAEL WALZER, Professor, School of Social 


October 7 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Partners: Assortative Matching with 


ANDREW NEWMAN, University College. London; 

Member, School of Social Science 

Octi)her 10 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Mathematical Logic as a Field for Sociological 

Investigation: Startmg with the Sociology of a 


CLAUDE ROSENTAL, Centre National de la 

Recherche Scientifique; Member, School of Social Science 

Oc u.k-r 14 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Bounded Rationality and Socially Optimal Limits 

on Choice: An Example" 

EYTAN SHESHINSKI, The Hebrew University of 


October \(^ 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "Political Institutions 

and Corruption: The Role of Parliamentarism and 


JOHN GERRING, Boston University; Member, 

School of Social Science 

October 1 7 

Social Science TTiutsday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Comparing Corruption: Participation, Institutions, 

and Development" 

MICHAEL JOHNSTON, Colgate University; 

Member, School of Social Science 

October 2 1 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Coordination Failures and the Lender of Last Resort: 

Was Bagehot Right After All?" 

XAVIER VIVES, INSEAD (with Jean-Charles 


October 24 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Globalization in the Age of Enlightenment: 

The Case of Diderot" 

SANKAR MUTHU, New School for Social Research; 

Member, School of Social Science 

(Vruber JS 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Cooperation with Mistakes: The Stochastic Stability 

of Edgeworthian Recontracting" 

ROBERTO SERRANO, Brown University; Member, 

School of Social Science 

iVfoher V' 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "Anti-Corruption 
Incentives and Constituencies in the Post- 
Communist Region" 

RASMA KARKLINS, University of Illinois, Chicago; 
Member, School of Social Science 

October 3 1 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"Sex After Fascism: West Germany, 1945-1953" 
DAGMAR HERZOG, Michigan State University; 
Member, School of Social Science 



NovcmK-r 4 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Preventing Crime Waves" 

PHILIP BOND, Nort/rnvsKfrn University; Member, 

SchexA of Socied Science 

NovcmK'r t 

School of Social Skrience Lecture: "The Missing 

Sentence: The Visual Arts and the Social Sciences in 

Mid-19th-Centurv Paris" 

WOLF LEPENIES, WissenschaftskoUcg, zii Berlin: 

Visitor, School of Social Science 

NovemK'r 7 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"The Rational-Legal State and Human Rights" 
NEIL ENGLEHART, Lafayette CoUege; Member. 
School of Social Science 

Nin emlxT 1 I 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Optimal Pricing Mechanisms with Unknown 


ILYA SEGAL, Stanford University; Member. School of 

Social Science 

NovemhtT 14 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Rejecting Small Gambles Under Expected Utility: 

A Recent Controversy" 

ROBERTO SERRANO, Brown University; Member. 

School of Social Science 

November 18 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Optimal Expectations" 


University (with Jonathan Parker) 

November 2 1 

Social Science TTiursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Women, Modernity, and the Uses of History in 

Early Twentieth Century China" 

JOAN JUDGE, University ofCalifomia. Santa 

Barbara; Member, School of Historical Studies 

November 25 

IAS/Princeton Univetsity Economics Workshop: 
"Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics" 
ROLAND BENABOU, Princeton University; Member 
School of Social Science (with Jean Tirole) 

IV.i-inlvr : 

lAS/Princeton University Economics Workshi>p: 
"The Evolutionary' Role of Toughness in Bargaining" 
ELLA SEGEV, Ph.D. student at Tel Aviv University 
(with .Viad Heifet:) 


IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 


PATRICK LEGROS, ECARES, University Libre de 

Brwxelies (with Andrew Newman) 

IVvcniKr II 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "The Politician and 

the Judge: Accountability in Government" 

ERIC S. MASKIN, Professor. School of Social Science 

Deccmkr 1 2 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"Does Globalization Make Inequality Worse?" 
ERIC S. MASKIN, Professor. School of Social Science 

January 1 t 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "Corruption as a 

Crime Against the Social Order: The qadi-s of 

Bukhara and the United States House of 


BABER JOHANSEN, L'Ecoie des Hautes Etudes en 

Sciences Sodales; Member. School of Historical Studies 

January Ki 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Pharmaceutical Governance: A Critique of the 

Brazilian AIDS Model" 

JOAO BIEHL, Princeton University; Member, School 

of Social Science 

January 2 i 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"The Dimensions of Bourdieu Sociology" 
LAHOUARl ADDI, Institm d'Etudes Politiques; 
Member. School of Social Science 

|.inii:ir\ 2 , 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Online Information Transmission" 

ABRAHAM NEYMAN, Hebreu' University of 


)anuar\' 29 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "Four Syndromes of 


MICHAEL JOHNSTON, Colgate University; 

Member, School of Social Science 


Institute for advanced study 

January- 30 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"Cencripetahsm: A Tlieory of Governance" 
JOHN GERRING, Boston Universicy; Member, 
School of Social ScieiKe 

February 3 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Adaptive Dynamics" 

SERGIU HART, The Hebrew Unwersky of Jerusalem 

Febniary 6 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Working the Border in Ghana: Technologies of 

Sovereignty and its Others" 

BRENDA CHALFIN, Universii> of Florida; Member, 

School of Social Science 

February 12 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "Corruption, 
Coercion, and the Loss of Entitlement Under the 
People's Commune: Revisiting the Causality of 
Starvation in Mao's Great Leap Forward Famine, 
with Special Reference to Qian Fo Village" 
RALPH THAXTON, Jr., Brandeis University: 
Member, School of Social Science 

February 13 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"Rethinking the 'Social' in Social Science" 
WILLIAM SEWELL, University of Chicago; Member, 
School of Social Science 

February 20 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Amarrya Sen's Grand Pursuit: Writing About 20th 

Century Economic Thinkers" 

SYLVIA NASAR, Columbia Universicy; Director's Visitor 

February 26 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: Open discussion on 
the concept of corruption itself, addressed through 
exploration of issues raised by the distributed read- 
ings, and examination of the general themes of the 
presentations to date 

MICHAEL WALZER, Professor, School of Social 

February' 27 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Anti-Corruption Incentives and Strategies in the 

Post-Communist Region" 

RASMA KARKLINS, University oflUinois, Chicago; 

Member, School of Social Science 

March 6 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Reflections of Law and Disorder in Post-Apartheid 

South Africa" 

ADAM ASHFORTH, Visinng Associate Professor, 

School of Social Science 

March 10 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 
"Inequality, Growth, and Trade Policy" 
ABHIJIT BANERJEE, Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology (with Andrew Newman) 

March 12 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "Airport 

Anthropology: Globalization and the Shifting 

Frontiers of Customs, Class, and Corruption in 


BRENDA CHALFIN, L'mi'ersit> of Florida; Member, 

School of Social Science 

March 1 5 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Worker Ownership in the U.S.: Contrasting 

Traditional Corporations and High Tech Knowledge 


JOSEPH BLASl, Rutgers Universiry; Visitor, School of 

Social Science 

March 17 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 
"The Measurement of Intellectual Influence" 
OSCAR VOLIJ, lou-a State L'nii-ersiry 

March 20 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"Bribery and Extortion in the Courtroom" 
PHILIP BOND, Northwestern Unii-ersit^; Member, 
School of Social Science 

March 24 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 
"Inequality, Technology, and the Social Contract" 
ROLAND BENABOU, Princeton University; Member 
School of Social Science 

March 26 

Corruption Thematic Seminar; "Bihar: The Privatiza- 
tion of Violence" 

NEIL ENGLEHART, Ufayetie College; Member, 
School of Social Science 



March 27 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: "What 
is It to Wrong Someone.' A Pu::le About Justice" 
MICHAEL THOMPSON, I'mu-rsit^ o/ Pittsburgh: 
Member, School oj Social Science 

March 31 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Market Power and Information Revelation in 

D>'namic Trading" 

ROBERTO SERRANO, Brown University; Member. 

School of Social Science 

April 3 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"The Pleasures of Corruption: Desire and Discipline 

in Ghanaian Political Culture" 

JENNIFER HASTY, Pacific Lutheran Unirersit:*: 

Member, School of Social Science 

April 7 

IAS/Princeton Universir\^ Economics Workshop: 

"The Communication Requirements of Efficient 

Allocations and Supporting Lindahl Prices" 

ILYA SEGAL, Stanford Uruversicy; Member, School of 

Social Science 

April 9 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "Laws and Contracts" 
PHILIP BOND, NonAtfestem University; Member, 
School of Social Science 

April 10 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Globalization and Insecurity" 

ANDREW NEWMAN, Unwersity College London: 

Member, School of Socud ScierKe 

April 14 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Uncertainty, Waiting Costs, and Hyperbolic 


ERIC S. MASKIN, Professor, School of Social Science 

(with Partha Dasgupta) 

April 17 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 

"Antitrust in Dynamic Industries, with Application 

to the Microsoft Case" 

ILYA SEGAL, Stanford University; Member, School of 

Social Science 

April :i 

lAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 
"Incomplete Information, Credibility, and the Qire" 
RAJIV VOHRA, Broum University 

April 23 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: "The Circle of 

Beneficence: Narrating Coherence in a World of 


LAWRENCE ROSEN, Pnnceton University 

April 24 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics" 
ROLAND BENABOU, Pnnceton University; Member 
School of Social Science 

April 2S 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 
"Contracting in the Presence of Judicial Agency" 
PHILIP BOND, Northu^estem University; Member, 
School of Social Science 

Mav 1 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"Social Policies and State Activism in Brazil" 
JOSE SERRA, Vniversidade de Campinas. Sao Paulo, 
Bra'^il; Director's Visitor 

May 7 

Corruption Thematic Seminar: Open discussion of 

issues raised throughout the year 

May 8 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: 
"What Does Not Kill You Makes You Stronger? The 
Case of Arsenic in Drinking Water in Bangladesh" 
MALGOSIA MADAJEWICZ, Columbia University; 
Visitor, School of Social Science 

May 15 

Social Science Thursday Luncheon Seminar: "Which 

Way to Mecca.' Remarks on Some Recent American 

BcKiks on Islam" 

CLIFFORD GEERTZ, Professor Emeritus. School of 

Social Science 

M.iy 21 

Summer Seminar on Corruption: "Four Corruption 

Syndromes: Case Studies" 

MICHAEL JOHNSTON, Colgate University; 

Member, School of Social Science 


Institute for advanced study 

May 28 

Summer Seminar on Corruption: "Restraining or 
Radicalizing? Division of Labor and Persecution 
Effectiveness" and "A Market for Mass Crime? 
Inter-institutional Competition and the Initiation of 
the Holocaust in France, 1940-1942" 
WOLFGANG SEIBEL. University ofKonsmnz; 
Member, School of Historical Studies 

June 4 

Summer Seminar on Corruption: "Intellectuals and 
Democratization, 1905-1912 and 1989-1996" 
CHARLES KURZMAN, University of North Carolina. 
Chapel HiU; Member, School of Historical Studies 

Summer Seminar on Corruption: "Somalia: Rising 
from the Ashes?" 

NEIL ENGLEHART, Lafayette College; Member, 
School of Social Science 

June 25 

Summer Seminar on Corruption: "Modernity and 

Divided Mankind: Notes on a Constitutional 


MATEO TAUSSIG-RUBBO, University of Chicago; 

Visitor, School of Social Science 

July 2 

Summer Seminar on Comiption: "The Press and 

Political Culture in Ghana" 

JENNIFER HASTY, Pacific Lutheran University',- 

Member, School of Social Science 

julv 16 

Summer Seminar on Corruption: "Beyond Gift and 

Commodity: The Economy of the Sacred in Jewish 


MADELINE KOCHEN, Harvard Law School; 

Research Assistant, School of Social Science 

June 16 

IAS/Princeton University Economics Workshop: 

"Bargaining, Coalitions, and Externalities" 

ERIC S. MASKIN, Professor, School of Social ScierKe 

June 18 

Summer Seminar on Comiption: "Working the 

Border/Navigating Sovereignty: Ghana's Customs 


BRENDA CHALFIN, University of Florida; Member, 

School of Social Science 



uring this year, I have also devoted a large 
part of my time to educating myself and 
learning new things ... the Institute is a 
great place to be since it allows one to expand 
scientific horizons so easily. I am eagerly using this 

opportunity by attending various seminars and 
workshops, and interacting with other Members." 

— Member, School of Natural Sciences 

Aftertwon tea in the Common Room , Fuld Hail 




FIET HUT established a new interdisciplinary program. His visitors spanned the fields 
of physics and astrophysics, computational biology, computer science, cognitive science, 
and philosophy. 

Professor Hut's own research focused on astrophysics. Together with colleagues from 
Japan and Holland, he published results from the first realistic N-body simulations ot 
globular clusters, modeling the galactic cluster Ml 5 and the giant cluster Gl in M32. 
He published several other papers in stellar dynamics, on the long-term evolution of 
isolated N-body systems, on the details ot core collapse, as well as on other topics. 

He published a book, The Gravitatioiial Million-Body Problem, coauthored with Douglas 
Heggie of Edinburgh University. He organized a second workshop in the MODEST series 
(for Modeling DEnse STellar systems), which he had started the year before, when he 
organized MODEST- 1 in New York City. MODEST-2 was held in Amsterdam, in 
December 2002, with co-organi:er Simon Portegies Zwart of Amsterdam University. 

Together with Apollo astronaut Russell Schweickart, Professor Hut organized a workshop 
on Deflecting Asteroids, at the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. This 
was a follow-up meeting of a conference he organized there in 2001 with astronaut Ed Lu. 
He was also one of the organizers of a conference and summer school on the topic of 
"Ways of Knowing," at Amherst College, as the fifth public offering of the Kira Institute, 
of which he is one of the founding members. 

Tlie program welcomed the following visitors during the course of the year: 
Yoko Funato, Astrophysics, University of Tokyo 
Douglas Heggie, Astrophysics, University of Edinburgh 
Jun Makino, Astrophysics, Tokyo University 
Steve McMillan, Astrophysics, Drexel University 
Steven Tainer, Asian Philosophy, Institute for World Religions 


Institute for advanced study 


Martin A. Nowak, Head 

Martin Nowak completed his fifth year as Head of the Program in Theoretical Biology at 
the Institute for Advanced Study. TTie research interests of Nowak 's group included the 
dynamics of infectious diseases, evolutionary genomics, genetic instability and tumor pro- 
gression, evolution of language, and evolutionary theory in general. The group included 
three Members, Yoh Iwasa (Kyushu University), Natalia Komarova, and Alun Lloyd; one 
Visitor, Steve Frank (University of California, Irvine); and three Ph.D. students, 
Franziska Michor, Garrett Mitchener, and Joshua Plotkin. Research reports are included 

Martin Nowak worked on mathematical models of cancer genetics. In collaboration with 
experimental groups led by Bert Vogelstein and Christoph Lengauer, he developed a the- 
ory for the initiation of colon cancer and the role of chromosomal instability. With Yoh 
Iwasa, Natalia Komarova, and Franziska Michor, he worked on a precise quantification 
for the somatic devolution of tumor suppressor genes. He invented the 'Linear process,' 
a stochastic description of evolutionary dynamics in multi-cellular organisms including 
cellular differentiation. With Iwasa and Michor, Nowak developed a general theory for 
escape dynamics from lethal selection pressure. This theory describes, for example, emer- 
gence of resistance of microbes or cancer cells to drug treatment and vaccination. 

With experimentalists George Shaw and Persephone Borrow, Nowak quantified the role 
of neutralizing antibodies and cytotoxic T cells in primary' HIV infection defining 
'co-dominance' of immunological responses. 

With Partha Niyogi and Erez Lieberman, Nowak is working on a review of learning theo- 
ry in the context of language acquisition introducing cooperative teachers and ambitious 

Nowak received the Henry Dale Prize of the Royal Institution ot London. He gave the 
David Starr Jordan Prize Lecture at Cornell University. 

In July 2003, Martin Nowak moved to Harvard University as Professor of Mathematics 
and of Biology, and founding Director of Harvard's new Institute for Theoretical Biology. 

Yoh Iwasa worked on the somatic evolution of cancer, and mathematical formulas tor 
transition rates. To estimate the risk of cancer, stochastic modeling of somatic evolution 
is very effective. In collaboration with Martin Nowak, Steve Frank, and Franzi,ska 
Michor, Iwasa has been working on the importance of chromosomal instability (or 
genomic instability) or tissue structures, such as compartmentalization or the division to 
the stem cells and differentiated cells. In all of these, Iwasa played a role of deriving for- 
mulas that needed to analyze mathematical models used in these theoretical works. First, 
Iwasa developed a method estimating the risk of escape via a chain of mutations leading 
to cancer cells, in which the intermediate states are of fitness lower than the normal cells. 
Second, he examined the mathematical formula for the fixation of the second step 
mutants without fixation of the first step mutants, named "tunneling." 


Program in Theoretical Biology 

Iwasa also worked on escape probability, and the host's optimal immune response. He 
and others in the group discussed the optimal immune response to a community of viral 
strains includuiK multiple \iral strains with dittcrent epitomes deleted. Iwasa proved that 
the optimal host response is the mmi-max solution, and could solve so the ver>' clear pat- 
tern as the optimal response ot the host. 

Natalia Komarova's research was mostly concerned with three topics: modeling of 
cancer, virus dynamics in immunosuppressive infections, and the physics of DNA tran- 
scription. In modeling ot cancer, Komarova sought to describe cancer initiation and pro- 
gression by using methods ot population dynamics. The tocus of this research is to under- 
stand the role ot chromosomal instability in tumors. Insights were obtained tor how 
tissue is organized to be best protected against cancer; the results can also be beneficial 
for designing methixis oi treatment since it sheds light on how chemotherapy may work. 
The second direction ot research is concerned with modeling how anti-drug therapy can 
boost the immunity in immunosuppressive like HIV or Hepatitis C. An inter- 
esting relationship between the timing ot the therapy, its efficacy and success has been 
found. Finally, Komarova worked on a mathematical description ot biological double 
membranes. A new equation has been proposed that supports a stable, pinned soliton- 
like solution. This can explain the details of the process of DNA transcription. 

Alun Lloyd's research addresses various issues regarding infectious diseases. Lloyd's main 
ongoing project involves a study of the historical record of childhood disease incidence in 
the United States. Spatial structure is of particular interest and Lloyd has been develop- 
ing models that relate frequency of travel between major cities and patterns of disease 
spread. In other projects, Lloyd has been considering infections which consist of a collec- 
tion of related 'strains;' examples of such diseases include the common cold, influenza and 
HIV. Since treatment, or vaccination, is unlikely to be equally effective against all strains, 
any attempt to understand the impact of treatment must consider this strain structure. 

Much of this work is very topical, given the increased concern regarding bioterrorism, the 
spread of drug resistance, and emerging infectious diseases such as SARS. As a result, 
during the last year Lloyd has been very actively involved in promoting the wider use of 
mathematical techniques to address such questions. This effort has included presenta- 
tions at both the NIH and NSF, organizing an international conference that discussed 
spatial aspects of epidemiology, as well as being a coauthor on a major review project for 
a U.S. Homeland Defense Agency. In addition, Lloyd works with pharmaceutical com- 
panies in developing mathematical models to better understand the consequences of the 
deplo^Tnent of novel antiviral drug therapies. 

Garrett Mitchener's research has focused on exploring population-level dynamics ot lan- 
guages, following the language dynamical equation, a model being studied by Martin 
Nowak and others in the Program in Theoretical Biology'. Mitchener has been working 
on an extension of that model which allows for multiple universal grammars. (Universal 
grammar, or UG for short, is the set of innate constraints that determine what grammars 
a human being can acquire.) They are primarily interested in the outcome of competi- 
tion between two universal grammars: whether one of them can take over the population, 
and whether more than one can coexist stably. They have finalized several results for 


Institute for advanced study 

various cases of this extended model that show competitive exclusion and coexistence, 
and a paper about them was published in januar>^ in the Bulletin of Mathemahcal Biology. 

Joshua Plotkin has continued to research the stability and adaptability ot cellular and 
viral populations. In particular, Plotkin and collaborators at Princeton University have 
been studying the genomic evolution of the Influenza A virus. Using a large empirical 
dataset of viral RNA sequences, Plotkin has introduced a new method for predicting 
future dominant influenza amino acid sequences and studied its relevance to improving 
annual vaccine choice. Plotkin has also introduced novel methods, based upon the idea 
of codon usage bias, to detect genes that are undergoing active selection in viruses and 
other organisms. Aside from applications to influenza, Plotkin has worked to detect 
genes under strong selection in the SARS-related coronavirus, helping to identify' the 
gene(s) responsible for the current outbreak in humans. 

Arnold J. Levine, Visiting Professor 
School of Natural Sciences 

In Arnold Levine 's first year as Visiting Professor in the School of Natural Sciences and 
the Program in Theoretical Biology, he worked with a group whose research interests 
include genetics and genomics, polymorphisms and molecular aspects of evolution, signal 
transduction pathways and networks, stress responses and pharmacogenomics in cancer 
biology. The group explored the linkage between theoretical and experimental biology 
and included two Members, Harlan Robins, a postdoctoral fellow trained in physics at the 
University of California, Berkeley, and Babu Venkataraghavan, a structural chemist and 
computer scientist who has been in the pharmaceutical industry for 35 years. The group 
also includes a Visitor, Cyan Bhanot, who is a physicist and computer scientist who works 
at IBM on biological problems. In addition to this group, the 2003-04 academic year will 
bring Dr. Michael Krasnitz, a physicist trained at Princeton University who will be a 
member and postdoctoral fellow, and Dr. Gabriela Alexe trained at Rutgers University as 
a mathematician and statistician who will also be a member and postdoctoral fellow. 
Thus, the Program in Theoretical Biology has a critical mass at the Institute, and has a 
well-developed plan to interact with the Genome Center at Princeton University and 
the BioMaPS group at Rutgers University. A variety of joint "lab meetings," seminars, 
symposia and public lectures are planned for the next academic year. 

During the past year, the group explored the information held in several large data sets 
produced by the biological community. The large DNA sequence databases were probed 
to define and identify the nucleic acid sequences that regulate the transcription of a gene 
in space, time and amount in an organism or cells. Here DNA chip analysis carried out 
in the laboratory provided the information that was matched to the patterns of sequences 
found to be in and near a gene. Second, there has been an extensive exploration of 
codon uses in genes as a function of the place, time, and amount of a gene product pro- 
duced. Conservation of codon uses during evolution in orthologs and homologs were 
explored. The extensive single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) database was examined 
for a set of genes in specific signal transduction pathways that are important in the ori- 
gins and evolution of cancers in humans. Here the information obtained for interesting 
asymmetries in the occurrence of SNPs in genes and their impact upon cancer incidence 
was transferred to experimental testing in the laboratory. 


Program in Theoretical Biology 

Arnold Levine s research focused upon two areas. The first was a theoretical and exper- 
imental study of the different types of "noise" that impacts upon hiological signal trans- 
duction pathways that transmit infomiation from the environment to inside a cell and 
have the cell respond to the signal. The second avenue o( research led to the develop- 
ment ot a useful algorithm to detect transcription factor protein binding sites on the 
DNA that regulate gene e.xpression. The procedure developed a rapid scan ot the entire 
genome (human or mouse) to select the p53 protein responsive elements (RE) that reg- 
ulate cellular responses to environmental insults. 

1 . Noise signal transduction pathways. 

A simple signaling pathway was created in the bacterium E. coli where the exact same 
regulatory elements were placed adjacent to a gene tor green fluorescent protein or red 
fluorescent protein. Each of these two genes was then inserted into the E. coli chro- 
mosome in similar locations on either side of the origin of replication. Because the 
two genes are regulated by identical DNA sequences (promoters), it would be expect- 
ed that both proteins would be made in identical amounts and each bacterium would 
have a yellow (red and green are equal) fluorescent color. It were introduced 
into the signaling pathway of one gene, then more red or more green protein would be 
made, and by examining single cells over time (in a movie) the percentage of red or 
green cells can be employed to quantitate the noise. Employing this assay several con- 
clusions can be obtained. There are at least two kinds of noise; extrinsic noise comes 
from thermal, ionic or environmental sources, while the intrinsic noise comes from 
rate limiting components of the pathway or asymmetric segregation of components in 
the pathway. Second, different genetic backgrounds of the bacteria alter the percent- 
age of cells exhibiting noise and specific genes in a cell can regulate the level of noise. 
Thus, organisms can optimize noise in a pathway via mutation and evolution can 
select a level of noise that is optimal. Some noisy signaling pathways could use that 
property to produce offspring that are genetically identical but differ in their pheno- 
type. The quantitative data obtained in this experimental study fit the results of a 
mathematical theory of intrinsic and extrinsic noise in this system. 

2. Scanning the genome for transcriptional signals. 

a. An algorithm has been designed that can rapidly scan over three billion bases in 
nucleotide sequences (a genome) and pick out a sequence that a transcription factor 
can bind to so as to regulate a specific gene. Because the nucleic acid sequence that 
the protein binds to (RE) can vary or be degenerate in selected positions or sites in the 
sequence, both a filter that requires that certain positions be fixed in a sequence and 
a weight matrix that provides a score for preferred bases in certain positions of the 
sequence were employed in the algorithm. The algorithm was employed to select 16 
genes from the human and mouse genome that were predicted to he regulated by the 
p53 transcription factor and had never before been identified in the literature. To 
date, 12 out of the 16 genes have been experimentally shown to be regulated by this 
transcription factor and the remaining four genes are still under investigation. 

b. The sequence in the DNA that is recognized by the p53 protein is an imperfect ten base 
pair palindrome whose sequence is repeated once more, and these repeats are separated 
by a spacer of any sequence. Commonly, most genes that are regulated by p53 protein 
have spacer lengths of zero to twenty-one bases. A scan of the genome for p53 spacer 


Institute for advanced study 

lengths has surprisingly detected about 400 copies of genes with 129 base pair spacers, 
and 500 genes with 1 ,065 and 3,095 base pair spacers. In both cases, these p53 REs with 
these unusual spacer elements are found in repetitive DNA sequences in our genome 
and have been identified as an endogenous human retrovirus (called HERV K) with the 
129 base pair repeats and 500 retro- transposon LlNE-1 elements with the p53 REs sep- 
arated by larger spacers. These are parasites in our genome and it is surprising that they 
have adopted a cellular transcription signal that responds to stress (DNA damage, 
hypoxia, etc.). Having identified these DNA elements in the genome data set, exper- 
iments in the laboratory were employed to determine if these parasites were transcribed 
or regulated by p53 signals. Indeed, the HERV-H retrovirus is transcribed in response 
to p53 activity in cells with a twelve-fold increase in HERV-H m-RNA. The LINE-1 
elements with the p53 RE sequences have been shown to be active LINE-1 transposons 
that move about the genome and cause mutations in each generation of humans. Stud- 
ies are underway in the laboratory to determine if these p53 REs are functional and acti- 
vate or repress the movement of the LINE-1 transposon. 

Publications related to this progress report: 

1. Elowitz, M.B., Levine, A.J., Siggia, E.D., Swain, RS. 2002. Stochastic Gene Expres- 
sion in a Single Cell. Science, 297:1183-1186. 

2. Hoh, J. Jin, S., Parrado, T, Edington, J., Levine, A.J., Ott, J., 2002, The p53 MA Algo- 
rithm and its Application in Detecting p53 Responsive Genes. Proceedings Nat. Acad. 
Sci.. USA, 99: 8467-8472. 

Additional Publications: 

1. Su, E, Overholtzer, M., Besser, D. Levine, A.J. 2002. WlSP-1 attenuates p53-Medi- 
ated apoptosis in response to DNA damage through activation of the Akt Kinase. 
Genes and Development, 16:46-57. 

2. Pugacheva, E.N. Ivanov, A.V., Kravchevenko, J.E., Kopnin, B.P., Levine, A.J., Cher- 
nakov, P.M. 2002. Novel Gain of Function Activity of p53 Mutants: Activation of 
the dUTPase Gene Expression Leading to Resistance to 5- fluorouracil. Oncogene, 

3. Singh, B., Reddy, PC, Goherdhan, A., Walsh, C., Dao, S., Nagai, I., Chou, j.C., 
O'Chavenat, C., Levine, A.J., Rao, PH., Stouffel, A., 2002, P53 Regulates Cell Sur- 
vival by Inhibiting P1K3CA in Squamous Cell Carcinomas, Genes and Develop. 

4- Levine, A.J., 2002, The Origins of Cancer and the Human Genome, The Genomic 
Revolution Unveiling the Unity of Life, ed. M. Yudell and R. DeSalle, Joseph Henry 
Press: 87-96. 

5. Jin, S., Kalkum, M., Overholtzer, M., Stoffel, A., Chait, B.T., and Levine, A.J., CIAPl 
and the erine protease HTRA2 are involved in a novel p53-dependent apoptosis path- 
way in mammals. Genes and Development, 17:359-367. 

Harlan Robins is working on three projects exploring different aspects of regulation in 
biological networks. His first project is a search for micro RNA targets. These micro 
RNAs are short (about 80 bp) RNA molecules that are cut by a protein complex into a 
~22bp single stranded RNA. They then bind to various target mRNAs and ptevent 
translation. Targets have been found in the worm and the fly where micro RNAs con- 
trol developmental timing. Robins is writing an algorithm to find their targets in verte- 
brates (including humans). 


Program in Theoretical Biology 

The next project Robins is working on is the control mechanism ot tRNA abundance on 
translation rate. Joshua Plotlcin, Arnold Levine, and Harlan Robins are exploring codon 
usage in different cell types in humans. They have found evidence that certain cell types 
have very different percentages of most codons. The hypothesis is that the cell uses these 
differences to up or down regulate production of certain proteins in different cells. In a 
third project completed earlier this year, Robins looked at some global properties of these 
networks. The present opinion among biologists is that having a robust network makes 
it harder for an organism to evolve. The organism is supposed to find a balance between 
robustness and evolutionary' speed. Robins made a mathematical argument that robust- 
ness can actually increase the speed of evolution. 

The Program in Theoretical Biolog>' Lecture Series 

Each year, distinguished scientists in diverse areas of biology' are invited to give a public 
lecture at the Institute. The following lecture was presented during the 2002-03 acade- 
mic year: 

February' 24 "Science, Anxiety, and Meaning: Biomedicine Encounters Ethics and 

Public Policy" 
Harold T. Shapiro, Princefon L'nii'ersitv 

Bio!og>' Group Meetings 

Arnold Levine initiated a series of regular meetings for people interested in research in 
biology'. Meetings consisted of presentations and discussion, and were held in the Physics 
Library' in Bloomberg Hall. 

October 9 "p53 Pathway" 

Arnold Levine, Insrilute for Advanced Study 

November 5 "Immortality" 

Arnold Levine, liistmae fur Advanced Study 

November 18 "Responding to Stress" 

Arnold Levine, Institute for Advanced Study 

December 3 "The Limits to Immortality Are in Our Chromosomes" 

Arnold Levine, /nstitute for Advanced Study 

December 17 "The Human Genome Project" 

Arnold Levine, Institute for Advanced Study 

January 9 "Dynamics of Cancer Initiation" 

Martin Now-ak, Institute for Advanced Study 

January 23 "In the Language of the Epistasis: 

Detecting SNP-SNP and Protein-DNA Interactions" 
Josephine Hoh, Roc/<e/ell€r University 

February 13 "Aspects of the Ecology and Evolution of Influenza Virus" 

Joshua Plotkin, Institute for Advanced Study 

February 25 "The Disk-Covering Method for Phylogenetic Tree Reconstruction" 

Tandy Wamow, University of Texas at Awstin 


Institute for advanced study 

March 1 3 "Regulatory Modules in Drosophila Development" 

Massimo Vergassola, Institute for Advanced Study 

April 24 "Genetic Instability in Cancer Progression" 

Natalia Komarova, Institute for Advanced Study 

May 8 "Modeling the Structure Space of Proteins" 

Babu Venkataraghavan, Wyeth-Lederle Vaccines & Pediatrics 

May 23 "Identification of Collective Biomarkers by Logical Analysis of Data" 

Gabriela Alexe, Rutgers L'nifersit\, Center for Operations Research 

June 9 "Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the MDM-2 Gene" 

Gareth Bond, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey 

Institute for Advanced Study/Princeton University Biology Group Meeting 

The following talks were presented during a biology group meeting December 9, 2002, in 
the Physics Library of Bloomberg Hall: 

"The pp28 Tegument Protein of Human Cytomegalovirus Functions 
in the Final Envelopment of Virions" 
Maria da Silva, Princeton University 

"A Bio-Dictionary-Based Annotation of Human Cytomegalovirus" 
Eain Murphy, Princeton University 

"A Novel p53 Dependent Apoptotic Pathway and a Potential Novel 

Tumor Suppressor Gene" 

Shenkan Jin, The Rockefeller University 

"Regulation of p53 Activity via the C Terminal Region" 
Stu Lutzker, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey 

"A Continuing Exploration of How the Human Cytomegalovirus 
pp71 Protein Utilizes Both the Ubiquitin-proteasome and Rb-E2F 
Pathways to Modulate Cell Cycle Progression" 
Robert Kalejta, Princeton University 

"Inhibition of p53 Transcription by a Well-Defined Tumor- Promoting 


Jill Bargonetti, Hunter College 

"Noise in Gene Expression" 

Mike Elowitz, The Rockefeller University 

"Genetics and Biology of Extranodal B-Cell Lymphomas" 
Toula Stoffel, The Rockefeller University 

"p53 MDM-2 Interaction Inhibition" 

Wei Liu/Dan Notterman, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey 


Artist- IN- Resilience Program 


Ion Maiimisscn, Composer 

During rhe 2000-01 season, Jon Magnussen planned his tirst year ot Institute tor 
Advanced Study concerts (2001-02 season), and developed the Institute Artist-in-Resi- 
dence Program's website ( Magnussen conducted his 
chamber music Altert-J Path ( W94) in November with the Composer's Ensemble at Prince- 
ton University's Taplin Auditorium. He arranged a suite oi his ballet The Winded ( 1996) 
for performances in May with the Orchestra oi St. Lukes conducted by Judith Clurman, 
with the Jose Limon Company at the Sylvia and Danny Kaye Playhouse in New York City. 
In late June, Magnussen finished TiKcare! , a commissioned work for solo piano (the tirst 
work started and finished at the institute for Advanced Study), which was premiered in 
Walden, New Hampshire, in late July by the commissioner, pianist Blair McMillen. Mag- 
nussen composed Ko'olau Sketches in July, a work he created with a view to developing 
musical ideas for a new opera based upon W.S. Merwin's The Folding Cli^s. 

During the 2001-02 season, the New York Percussion Quartet gave the world premiere 
performance of Magnussen's Ko'olau Sketches (2001) in October at Wolfensohn Hall. 
Pianist and composer Noel Lee gave the Princeton premiere of Toccare'. in December in 
Wolfensohn Hall, and in November, Magnussen composed Psalm 21 for baritone Sanford 
Sylvan and pianist David Breitman. In mid-January, Magnussen finished Psaim, a 30- 
minute ballet score commissioned by the Jose Limon Foundation with funding from the 
Library of Congress and Meet the Composer. In late January, he produced the recording 
o{ Psalm (in w-hich he played tambourine), performed by the Riverside Chamber Singers 
and Members of the Riverside Philharmonic Orchestra with Andre Solomon-Glover, 
baritone and Helen Cha-Pyo, conductor. In February, Magnussen conducted members of 
the Weber State Concen Choir, the Kay Starr Singers and chamber ensemble with 
Andre Solomon-Glover, baritone soloist, in the world premiere performance of Psalm at 
the 2002 Salt Lake Winter Olympic Arts Festival. In April 2002, he composed Fantasy 
Rewired for Mari Kimura, scored for amplified violin and tape. The work was premiered 
by Kimura on May 1 1 in the Birch Garden at the Institute, where she also performed the 
work from which Fantasy Remred was derived: Fantasy for Violin and Synthesizers. 

The 2002-03 season saw more work in the orchestral domain, and also a return to an opera 
project first conceived in 2000-01. In August 2003, Magnussen began communications 
with author Gavan Daws about an opera (working title: The Folding Cli^s) based upon a 
true 19th-century story about a Hawaiian man who contracts leprosy and resists forced 
separation (by the Provisional government army) from his wife and child. This work is 
ongoing. Also in August, Magnussen composed Occhi dolente (a vocal octet), for conduc- 
tor/tenor Andrew Megill and Fuma Sacra. This work was premiered in October 2003 in 
Wolfensohn Hall. On November 3, 2002, his first Carnegie Hall performance took place 
with the New York premiere of excerpts of Psalm (with expanded string and choral forces), 
by the American Composers Orchestra and conductor Steven Sloane. In January, Mag- 
nussen composed Kcdeimanus Dream, a six-minute work for guitarist Antigoni Goni. In 
February, baritone Sanford Sylvan and pianist David Breitman gave the world premiere of 
Psolm 21 , which Magnussen composed for them in the fall of 2001. On April 26, 2003, 
Magnussen's new Scenes, for large orchestra, was premiered by conductor Paul Polivnick 
with the Symphony San Jose Silicon Valley. The work was commissioned for the sym- 
phony's inaugural season. In May, Magnussen began orchestrating chamber works by 


Institute for advanced study 

Chausson, Chopin and Schumann for a 55-minute ballet choreographed by Robert Hill 
based upon "The Picture of Dorian Gray." The orchestration was commissioned by Amer- 
ican Ballet Theatre, tor which he will conduct the ABT orchestra in the premiere perfor- 
mances at their City Center (New York) season in 2003. Also in May, Magnussen con- 
tinued work with Daws on The Folding Cliffs, and in June, he revised the score for Psalm. 




Scholars from a variety of fields, including areas not represented in the schools. Director's 
Visitors contribute much to the vitality of the Institute. They are invited to the Institute 
for varying periods of time, depending upon the nature of their work. 


The IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute (PCMI) is an integrated mathematics program 
that has been sponsored by the Institute for Advanced Study since 1994. Participants in 
PCMI include research mathematicians, graduate students, undergraduate students, 
mathematics education researchers, undergraduate faculty, and high school teachers. The 
interaction among these diverse groups fosters a stronger sense of the mathematical 
enterprise as a whole. In addition, it raises awareness of the roles of professionals in the 
mathematics-based professions. 

The annual three-week Summer Session is the flagship activity of PCMI. Additional pro- 
grams take place throughout the year and include the year-long High School Teacher 
Program and the Lecture Publication Series. 

Summer Session 

The 13th annual Summer Session of the IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute (PCMI) 
was held June 29-July 19, 2003 in Park City, Utah. This year's PCMI Summer Session, 
with a total of 260 participants, included the following programs: 

Research Program in mathematics 

Graduate Summer School 

Undergraduate Summer Program 

High School Teacher Program 

Undergraduate Faculty Program 

Mathematics Education Research Program 

International Seminar on Mathematics Education 

As is the case each year, a specific area of mathematics was chosen to provide the focus 
for the overall programming. The mathematical topic for the 2003 Summer Session was 
Harmonic Analysis and Partial Differential Equations, and this topic informed the work of 
the Graduate Summer School, the Research Program and the Undergraduate Program. 


IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute 

The related mathematical topic in the Undergraduate Faculty Program was Partial Differ- 
ential Equations. The Mathematics Education topic for 200? was K'nou'L'cij^e of Mathemat- 
ics for Teaching, while Sums and Differences: The Art and Craft of Adding and Subtracting, 
was the topic ot the mathematics course oHered in the High School Teachers Program. 

Each o( the programs met daily tor its own series ot courses and seminars. The groups also 
came together tor an afternoon Cross Program Activity two or three days per week. A 
complete listing ot courses, seminars and activities follows. 

Graduate Summer School and Research Program 

Organized hy Michael Christ, University of California at Berkeley, Carlos Kenig, 
University o( Chicago, and Wilhelm Schlag, California Institute of Technology, the 
Graduate Summer School met for three formal lectures and one or two problem sessions 
each day. 

At the heart of the Graduate Summer School were six main graduate courses, two each 
week. E;ich of these courses consisted of five or six lectures, except for one series of four. 
One course focused on a circle of problems in core Fourier analysis, two were concerned 
with questions on nonlinear partial differential equations in which techniques rooted in 
harmonic analysis play essential roles, and three were expositions of topics at the inter- 
face between harmonic analysis and other aspects of mathematics. 

In addition to the six main courses, the Graduate Summer School also included two cours- 
es at a more introductory level. The first, by Wilhelm Schlag, was an introduction to basic 
Fourier analysis, with the goal of bringing participants up to speed on some of the materi- 
al used in the main six courses. It consisted of four lectures given during the first w-eek ot 
the institute, supplemented by a 100-page text that will appear in the proceedings volume. 
This course also attracted several of the more advanced undergraduate students. The 
second, by Michael Christ, consisted of three lectures at the end of the second and begin- 
ning of the third weeks, and was intended to serve as a quick introduction to some of the 
material discussed by Elias M. Stein, in particular to aspects of the Heisenberg groups and 
singular integral operators. 

TTiere were problem sessions associated with all of the graduate courses. Three hours of 
problem sessions w'ere offered during most days of the first two w-eeks of the institute, with 
two hours during the third. 

Graduate Summer School lecturers and course titles: 

Jnrrodwctorv' lectures to Harmonic Aiudysis (tour lectures); Wilhelm Schlag, 

California Institute of Technology 

Nonlinear Fourier Transforms and Scattering (six lectures); Christoph Thiele, 

University of California, Los Angeles 

UnifoTTn Rectifiability and Applications (four lectures); Guy David, Universite de Paris 

Sud, Orsay 

Kakeya-type problems, restriction conjectures, and local smoothing estimates (six lectures); 

Terence Tao, University of California, Los Angeles 

Global well-posedness for dispersive equations and the method of almost conservation laws 

(five lectures); Gigliola Staffilani, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

Introduction to the Heisenberg Group and Szego Projection (three lectures); 

Michael Christ, University of California, Berkeley 


Institute for advanced study 

Singular Integrals and Several Complex Variables (five lectures); Elias Stein, 

Princeton University 

Harmonic Analysis and its applications to non-lmear evolution eqiuitions (six lectures); 

Carlos Kenig, University of Chicago 

The Hardy -Littlewood Circle Method (one lecture); Stephen Wainger, 

University ot Wisconsin, Madison 

The Research Program 

The Research Program attracted about 50 participants, who attended for periods ranging 
from three weeks to a few days. This program's main formal activities were seminars, usu- 
ally two per day during the first two weeks, and one per day during the third week. TTie 
graduate courses were also attended by large numbers of research program participants, 
who enjoyed these high quality, accessible presentations of topics outside their own areas 
of specialization. Indeed, the organizers found that a substantial number of researchers 
declined invitations to lecture, preferring to concentrate on behind-the-scenes conversa- 
tions and on attending the graduate courses. Research talks were usually attended by 
several graduate students, as well. 

There was ample opportunity for less formal interaction in the Research Program. Black- 
boards in the hallway of the conference center facilitated impromptu conversations, and 
various seminar rooms with tables and blackboards were available during parts of the day 
and evenings. 

Research Program Seminars: 

On Restriction of the Fourier Transform; G. Mockenhaupt 

SolMtions, Spectra, and Dynamics for Schroedinger operators; A. Kiselev 

Subharmonic functions associated with stationary Schroedinger operators; A. Khe^^fits 

Some questions related to the Carleson-Hunt Theorem; C. Muscalu 

ID Schroedinger: Heuristics and Theorems; R. Killip 

Regularity of Degenerate Monge -Ampere Equations; C. Rios 

Blowup for U - critical nonlinear Schroedinger Equation; P. Raphael 

Big pieces of "regular manifolds" in measures and data sets; G. Lerman 

Recent progress on the vector field problem; X. Li 

L' Carleman estimates an<i uniqueness of solutions and semilinear Schroedinger equatior\s; 

A. lonescu 

Distance sets and applications; A. losevich 

Bellman functions and continuous problerrts; S. Petermichl 

Dispersive estimates for the Schroedinger equation in Dimension 3; M. Goldberg 

On uniqueness for wave equations; F. Planchon 

Self-similar solutions ofbinormalflow; L. Vega 

Two model operators with fold singularities and related maximal functions; A. Seeger 

On Schroedinger ar\d wave maps at critical regularity; A. Nahmod 

Variational and jump inequalitites in harmonica analysis; J. Wright 

Estimates in the Corona theorem and ideals o/H"; a problem oj T. Wolfj; S. Treil 

Spectral multipliers for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on /orms on the Heisenberg group; 

F. Ricci 

Geometric questions related to Sobolev embedding; W. Beckner 


IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute 

The High School Teacher Program 

Twenty eiijht middle school and hi^jh school teachers spent a rewarding and challenj^ing 
three weeks learning mathematics, reflecting on what it means to teach mathematics, 
and working together to produce materials that could he shared with their colleagues 
both at PCM! and more broadly through the PCMl website. Ten teachers were return- 
ing tor a second year, and three teachers were chosen tor a third year to work with the 
stati as leaders and advisers tor the other participants; there were also fourteen first-time 
participants. TTie participants came from thirteen states and Canada, and included a 
teacher who had retired and started teaching again in a new district and one who had 
been teaching for only one year. The teachers represented PDO groups based in Los 
Angeles, Seattle, New Jersey, and Cincinnati, as well as those who came as individuals. 

The mathematics session. Sums and EHfferences: the Art and Craft of Adding and Subtract- 
ing, focused on an analysis of finite differences using materials created by the Education- 
al Development Center. Under the leadership of two master teachers from the PROMYS 
program at Boston University, PCMI participants explored how concepts dealing with 
sums of powers, Fibonacci numbers, and complex numbers are related under the concept 
of difference equations. 

The participants worked mathematics problems together and compared strategies, dis- 
cussed student work, and researched topics related to the teaching and learning of mathe- 
matics. Also, the question, "Is a teacher a mathematician?," as posed by Judith Ramaley, 
Assistant Director for the Education and Human Resources (EHR) Directorate at the 
National Science Foundation, in a video-taped talk, invited spirited discussion between 
mathematicians and teachers and laid the foundation for the teachers' conference work. 
Added to the experience was a special discussion session with Deborah Ball of the Univer- 
sity' oi Michigan regarding a cross program presentation on her teaching laboratory with 
fifth grade students (part of the Mathematics Education Research Program at PCMl). 

For two hours each afternoon, participants participated in one of four working groups - 
data analysis, geometry, lesson study, and mathematics/physics related to the morning 
work. During this time they produced lessons, classroom activities, and drafts of poten- 
tial articles on interesting and useful mathematics that will be tested in their classrooms 
when appropriate, reviewed during the coming year, revised when necessary, and posted 
on the PCMI website at the Math Forum. 

Mat/i Supervisors Workshop 

Since the program's inception, PCMI has concentrated on preparing high-school 
teacher-leaders to design and present professional development activities to their col- 
leagues at the local level. A new stage in this process was begun in the summer of 2002 
and continued in 2003; PCMI is now partnering with selected school districts on design- 
ing methods by which the PCMI professional development model can become part of the 
district's official in-service activities. 

During the 2003 PCMI Summer Session, mathematics supervisors from six school dis- 
tricts, together with university mathematicians from their regions, met with High School 
Teacher Program leaders Gail Burrill and Kimya Moyo to plan the implementation of 
that transfer in three pilot districts: Cincinnati Public Schools, the McAUen (Texas) 
Independent School District, and Seattle Public Schools. With appropriate funding, it is 


Institute for advanced study 

anticipated that these three districts will be the focus of PCMI's 'transfer' project during 
the next three years. The basis of the project will be the strategy and timetable laid out 
jointly in the Summer 2003 workshop by PCMI leadership and district personnel, with 
support from university mathematicians. 

Undergraduate Program 

The Undert::raduate Program for 2003 was organized by Roger Howe.Yale University, and 
William Barker, Bowdoin College. The undergraduate program was focused on two 
courses, an introductory course designed for students having just completed calculus and 
linear algebra, and an advanced course for students with a more extensive mathematical 
background. This year, the introductory course, Fourier Analysis and its many uses, was 
offered by Thomas Komer of Cambridge University, and the advanced course. Introduc- 
tion to Wavelets, was offered by Lesley Ward of Harvey Mudd College. 

Both courses were full of conceptual insights and carefully developed technical results. 
Other activities at PCMI attracted a significant number of undergraduates and enriched 
the undergraduate program: the Undergraduate Faculty Program offered an introductory 
course on Partial Differential Equations and the High School Teachers Program offered a 
discovery-style session on topics in number theory. This latter course was especially valu- 
able for those undergraduates with only introductory preparation; more advanced under- 
graduate students selected and attended courses from the Graduate Summer School. 

This year the daily PCMI schedule was designed to minimize conflicts between offerings 
of interest to the undergraduates. The result was a high degree of flexibility for the under- 
graduates, permitting students to put together the combination of sessions which best 
suited their individual backgrounds and interests 

Undergraduate Faculty Program 

The Undergraduate Faculty Program (UFP) at PCMI 2003, entitled Harmonic Analysis 
and Partial Differential Equatiom in the Uiviergraduate CMrricMlMm, was designed for faculty 
members who primarily teach undergraduates, such as those at two and four year colleges. 
This year Andrew Bemoff of Harvey Mudd College facilitated the Undergraduate 
Faculty Program. The program's goal was two-fold: the first was to improve the partici- 
pants' facility with teaching partial differential equations in the undergraduate curricu- 
lum with an emphasis on using technology; the second was to outline a program by which 
students can be acquainted with the tools and trade of being a research mathematician. 
There were twelve participants in the 2004 Undergraduate Faculty Program. 

A secondary goal of this program was to interact with the other PCMI participants by 
presenting a variety of seminars that were of interest to the broader PCMI community. 
The UFP participants presented a series of fourteen lectures (with associated labs and 
problem sessions) that constituted an introductory course on Partial Differential Equatiom, 
emphasizing harmonic analysis, Fourier methods, and eigenfunction expansions. These 
lectures tended to attract fifteen to twenty of the undergraduate students at PCMI in 
addition to the UFP participants. 

Also presented were two Problem Solving Seminars, which attracted an average of fifteen 
undergraduates and twenty High School teachers as well as participants of the Under- 
graduate Faculty Program. 


IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute 

Mathematics Education Research Program 

The Mathematics Education Program consisted ot two short seminars in 2003. 

Begun m 2001, the annual PCMl International Seminar on Mathematics Educatu>n 
brings diverse perspectives and practices to the U.S. national dialogue on mathematics 
education. The 2003 Intematiiinal Seminar brought six new teams into the diaU)gue on 
the preparation oi teachers ot mathematics in various countries and cultures. The new- 
countries represented were Cameroon, Ecuador, Iran, Northern Ireland, New Zealand, 
and Romania, each with the customary' team of two participants, one a currently prac- 
ticing teacher and one an educational policy person. Reports were prepared prior to the 
seminar by each team, and these reports were presented, analyzed and responded to dur- 
ing the four-day seminar. A volume of combined proceedings of the 2002 and 2003 sem- 
inars on teacher education is being prepared. The volume will give the wider education 
community the opportunity to learn of common problems and promising practices com- 
ing from diverse cultural and intellectual traditions. 

For the first time in 2003, PCMl hosted a laboratory class for elementary mathematics 
students. Distinguished mathematics educator Deborah Ball of the University of Michi- 
gan taught the five-day laboratory class for twenty Park City fifth-graders and led pre- 
briefing and debriefing discussions with a team of observers consisting of research math- 
ematicians, mathematics educators and classroom teachers. The focus of the week-long 
class was mathematical definition, embedded in an extended exercise exploring decom- 
positions of numbers which are perfect squares. This seminar brought to the mathemat- 
ics education researchers and interested research mathematicians and teachers at PCMl 
the opportunity to explore actual teaching practice first-hand, and to consider such ques- 
tions as what kind of mathematical knowledge teachers need, what is common with 
themes in more advanced mathematics, and the ways in which more profound knowledge 
of elementary' mathematics is important for quality teaching. 

Cross Program Activities 

A defining feature of PCMl is its focus on building understanding, professional respect and 
a sense of shared purpose among all the various constituents of the mathematical enter- 
prise. To this end, a formal Cross Program Activity was held two or three afternoons each 
week as well as various evening activities and participant-coordinated weekend trips. 

Titles of the formal 2003 Cross Program Activities were as follows: 

TIMSS 1999 Video Study ofMathemancs Teaching: Are die Findings Relevant for 
the U.S. Debates!; James Hiehert, University of Deleware 
The Pythagorean Theorem and the Nine-Point Circle; Roger Howe, Yale University 
Perelman's work on geometrization of i manifolds (including the Poincare conjec- 
ture); John Morgan, Columbia University 
Pre-concert Lecture ; Robert Taub 

Report on the Elementary Teaching Lab; Deborah Ball, University of Michigan 
Wavelets; Lesley Ward, Harvey Mudd College 
The Euclid-Euler Theorem; William Dunham, Muhlenberg College 
Participants made use of their free time in such activities as swimming, hiking, and work- 
ing on mathematics together. An entry in Park City's 4th of July Parade was created and 
executed by a cross-section of the PCMl participants. Participants also organized various 
sports activities that took place daily: biking, soccer, basketball, volleyball, running, etc. 
Weekend trips also were arranged by PCMl participants and received with enthusiasm. 



Evening activities organized for the PCMI parttcipa'dtsimdudHdnoiitaobH asiJsmarljBM 
Two barbecue dinners for participants anditheir.fimilies„uijH HjijBmarljeM sriT 
Pi::a parties for participants and families. 
1 II .1 A piano concertby Eloberc-Tabb^ formeciAlrdiW'it^Rfisictenc^fatrfifilhnitM 
fiiiBfii3riAd\'anced <'yj jili oi ^■jjiIjiv] Lm, ^t»vn--'jq>TjT ti'Tj/iL -.iinH 

" ■ ' ■' II i:ii.-/3 v'or; XR .|i|oi)i,-kJ luriirn-jf^ li,nciijf;fn-jJni fOOS -jrlT .tumiouh^ 

Publication Series Lm. ^tiinru/fo ^iioiif,/ ni ?,jiJGfrii>fhr,fii iu ,;i3rlDt3i to rioiifnEqoiq urlj 
PCMI is very pleased tb makethe proctedings of its^SunyBerS^^iert.ay^ilable ta the pub- 
lic. The full series, which comprises nearly all of the lectures ever- given iti PCMI's Crad- 
U^e Smnn^e; Sehool, ;aow includes the following titljesi:i,,j„irj nn ■jiu> om; vjriju-j-i ynuii 

yd isnimoi 

ifs\ or\] uni 
, .. , jeometry 

Volume 3: Compk'x Algebraic Geomem , 

■'"•^" '"Volume 4: Gauge Theo,^ and' Four Mani/oU,s ■^' "^■'i = nnn..r,.|u .d, yjinurnrno. 
Volume 5: Hyperbolic Eqimcions and frequency tnle^^lid^'"^"^ '"'''''"^ '"'"^ «"' 

-lub oi L^Ln i'j--vi Liuj, I'-':/!: !': y/^ • ' 1. t- ■'I'/'^v T'T y':3Hj briK .rnta] daKS yd 
,, ,yoIun;\e,l:,-UeometT5i and QiwTimm FieU Tneory . . , ' 

, Volume Z: Non/inear Partial Differential Equaaons tn Differential Geometi 

.Volume 6: Pro^ahilit^ T/ieor* and Appiicarion ,,, ,„_ ^^^^ 

J ... Volume /: >"vmWt'cac Oeomerr^' and Topology , , , .^ 

-in-jitA Uij ^1 c d' K . .• -TL ' rV'V^' •Ai'>'"3rl3fim b9d«iijariiJ''iU .aanabuJi 
, , .Volume 8: Ke])resenMtion Tneor^i o/ Lie Groups • , , 

, ^ . Volume 9: Arithmetic Alge/Traic Geametrv i ^ t . i ^ 

-fliifn fliw. . . ,i. ^ .. , - .■ ., >t. ,i?'in-Ah nniiaiidab bnc gniiaiid 

k'is'ei|jfettied'that''VfeibKAi^ 10 and 1 1 will he published in'2504.^iJ^Ti3f'jEm .enBioijnnia 

■^'■'■1 -..:,/. ! ; • ■ .,,.... , I' ,!i!;i!l-ili IfoiJfjm-itdlRm ?f;'// ^^f;b 

All titles ate available either from the American Math^natiekiiSocietVforJchitotighipepq 
Ijlar bookstores sucih as Bames^andNoblfe. Hi J- Ji L-ji^'jijini wrn, <vji]jH/j'.yi iiti'\}ujii\j-j <di 
-'■!*: ' • ' •! Ij!!i; .ijiii.'iM'iit >jn_;(jiq jjolrhf.vj Ii,ijr.ii, 'jioiq/a ')l yliriunoqqo adl 

Also published are threelvolumesin the PlarkCity'Mathematih Institute' Suhjeries which is 
a subsection of the AMS Student Mathematics Series. These volumes ate aimed at under- 
graduate students and are published independently of the Park, City, Mathematics Series 
mentioned above. Published thus far are: 

b/iB j-jia-^^'^;"'^^* °" Cyntempcirar}' Probability by Gregory F. Lawler and Lester N^.CovleA 

,...,«. i 'An /ntroduction to t/ie Mathematical T/ieor^f of Wave.'! by RoKer Knobal 

; Cooes ana Curves by, Judy L. Walker, „ '^ , \ i ■ -■- 

rlDB3 ?ji<)<Hirj\'.t. //ifTi ii I iyi:va'ji'At:ii nvnvjh rnfiiaoiM moiD liirmol k ,bn3 uAi oT .ssnq 

TU tyj'U U'fi •(■'T-'''''ii'''i'i'i "'-'-'"-'!' •■yti'V''"! t'niT.^','!ii-'j1ji;."r!!frv,<'i) -^'iMnir.' ?c !l-y,'.' ',■: :!•:)';■" 
1 rie High bcnool leacher Program will begm dissemination of its teacher-created mate- 
rials and other resources Mmetime in 2003-2004, via ^.special, Web site created by ,th^ 
Math Forun^ ^^^M^^^^'rM^ 
p J. Jiiiv/'ji-jn 'to 73i^Tjvin-J ,aT.'i. ill ^01111 I ;-?.'.]nc\->n ?. ■ ] 'jih 

The 2003 Sumnier Sessicft Vas' Wde possitele by tlic oenemsity pif tiielfotiqwlng funders: 

.■..::• . ■■(i,jiii-.~ ■,'',! 5i-,ilii!lj;ii) '■;.'-lifiiun f^V) ifi. I? ^ • V, ■'■'*'"'"■ ''fiijnii'''fjT 

The National Science FouncTa^^fii^'*"'-','^'!'""'"'-' •""^■'"'^, ""^"^ ''^^'''' 

St^te of New Jersey. , , , ^ , , dueT mdo^l ,.t»mJ>DTq 

"'''-^"' Starr Foundation cb:ior\¥l ,dt>J »nirt-j03T ictBlnortriiH -jfli xir, nof\'jM 

National Security Agen9f"-^""'^ '^'^"'^ '^'■'^'■"^'^ ''^■"■^ ^'-'''-^-^ 7.3bb.r,V/ 

, , Geraldine it. Dodge Foundatiitt'^' ^"'^'"'^ T3lng~bil-ju3 5f\T 

■•At,.'/ '"fi^j- arid Mri^ Charles L. Jaffifl" '^'^"''-"' '-"ni' ■J'Ji^iisdito 'j«u obfifn «Jni;qi-ji)iii1 

' ' ' ' The George and Dolores iW Eccl'esFoUA'ddtf?4 ■T-'f^'^SoJ 2JiiRni3d)ern no ^ni 

■ '■ Bristol Myers Sq\iibb Foundatlibh'"-"'! "'^' " ■"'^^ ^" noiiD^z-agma b yd bsiuDsxs 

.j)-j ,-., Wolfensohn Family FoUhdaffdri '^ .ariiJid rylifib aafilq jIooj Jed) saijiviioB ?.noq^ 

rrift.;!/!' Chautauqua Programs -i ^'|i Jini;q WO'\ yd LaanKim jis// osIn «qii] Ln3>l33W 


IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute 

Oversight Board 

The IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute is governed by aii Oversight Board; 

lot ^iijii! ;1 .i!; 1' \Aji\ 'ill ■! )ni.iTijflihM m luimiW v>\ friinyoi'l Itai/uii,- diri-ji 'jrlT 
.rj,,l.,rl IP^i^W^Wft^,.// f! /„■,-.-, !,. f 'ji,, .fir '^:'/. .ii-'A vnl/, ni...' .•^ I/, t;,- ■! A 

., ./1,.v,.,Ph%.A-rG^i<Tl^'RffP*'W'^W^f"t^if9fiA^^^^ V .„.,:r, ,. ; 

--fjloT-j , ■ ' ' '• li.l.i J..1 l'.-| (i?i;/ I ., If; • • ■ /' yiln'l III Ujii;.!- .i- 

YHrioii. A''"^ Members; ,.,^|, ,,„i,,,;,.., ,,,„,„. , , ,i„,,„.,rl„;m l^riui? 

-oiq -jflT Hynwn Bass, University of Michigan n ,|,. ^^^ ,j ,.,| ,.„,„,. 

j^jj^^j.jj.C. Herbert Clemens, Professor, The Ohio State University , | ,, .p,^,, 
-irmo vi P-W'VU L. Graliara, Protessor, University ot California at San Diego . ^ . 

SHilleyA. Hill, Professor Emeritus, University ot Missouri- Kansas Cj,!^ , ,. ,||. 

Robert D. MacPherson, Protessor, School of Mathematics, Institute for 

-f .;,! .n; ^Uune B. ,^X/ol|;eIJ^9^yi^^^^^ Jf^^, hfgw J^^. .^^,,^„^ ,iR„bma«Lno ^A^ iH^ijbi 
-rii I ( ■, -il, ''•joil yniiKqmoD igDii-injaolvrlq Ir.aiififfioriiBm (ji noilDubmini nn ba 

^-'«?fWSiP??^'.W*brir,- rt'iiii.h,/-, if. p| -)ivKfl )mv ;.|,oHvnri ln-,.!',-nn,: |,,-,r ..„» 

arin^-n jifii ijiiiijlyjin ii" Ij-j-'Iij'.I ■j-iii'ij ''/i..;,^! ;c>--,< .7' 1 /'j-jil yii.flonul'j vj bfli. .^rlf^f/l^ 
^"*"^" .'|i,(n li,-jiMf'lM'|. )) Mill,, J ni<if!ij.'lj 11. /a.j|;;irl iGluo'jIfjm ni fin^/n'intjflq 

C. Herbert Clemens, Professor, University of Utah 

.i^f^^. Graduate Summer School/Research Program Organi:ers: , ,.^, j ,j;.,f;|j]- _}-,„£.:} p^jj 
to 31b >/• Michael Christ, Professor, University of California Berl^^l^Yi, .^^[j ^;,i,jo3 y„j 
-^vHq Li: W''^^'"^ S^^^^^' Professor, California Institute 9^ J^^%(^lp4aifi maiaftib //.,H 
'jin.jbr;r, Carlos Kenig, Protessor, Um^versity of Chic,?go, ,„^^,, ,^^|,„^j„i „, [.nr, .^g,,|o, 
-#^<V> t^^'i"'^*^ Seriesf,,, , . ,,..ii>;i!n. ,, \,■=^;v,.■JV^ LicioaJ ifrteaVjiT .i^io-simq Hoib3?'ji 
.ni .,.. J^avid R. Morrisotx. Profef 59^. M^ y.WSPi^.rn...xlm brin viilifleP ^^^sHi imi 
^Jv^chool Teachers Program: , ,, , ^|^^,,, , , f„,;,-„i-,.., i.^flj Lmiiaulli bnB ,..orlDEoiqr,G 
,„ L.-i. - 9-^^ S""''^' Instructor. h4ichig9n Sta,te Uj^iv.e.rf^^,,,^,^ j^„^ ,,,,.„,„^ |,.ubivibni tf> 
nl .,,...Jpi"«s R. King, Protessor, University of Washing^^jj. ,,,,j ^^j j^nE yT^^^i luflnf.D 
-mnr: ( l.C^arol Hattan, Teacher, Skyview High School ,„r„,.[„„if:f, ni.tsfnq <., nf.iiibbr; 
,¥#?W^<^^ Education Research Program: _,^^j ;, .,,,, .,„.„,,„| .^.j, „„,,, .,,.,L„-,ii.; "lo r^fl 

Joan Fernni-Mundy, Associate Deai;i/pr^cie.^9.e,^d,f^3f|jpjpi3t}j:^^^c^i^i(j)(ft,^^ 

College of Natural Science of Michigan State University 
irnirno' TW^^y MY^ Professor, Hanii|tRngplJeg? [ ,,, „„„vjnU .J:>orln3lrIU no-x.-CA 
^^^'^^ \^W-.-- A ,;>.!/ ), -;,/J r . v;;-T.vmU .ri<vn-j//« -Ahd'^M /d l^^>>.b 
,:■:/. t. . .J?!?^ 9-M^m Pf<?fe?9'»^iS^:y^?f^.?i%rq .: -I b^,l ,v.;j '^T br.f; laaifcO 
^^^^R^^^^^T ,: v-nii! ;.rn:/ . .rii. 'iv-r,fr/! !■, vi, -,•//, r, i .,..,;:./ ,;!! ..k ViA ,732i^[ 

Nathaniel Whitaker, ?xoi^^qty^ripf.^if}^fii}/!i^^(:)yj^e^^^^ ,„^I^ 

Research Program: 

-i..„l,, . Karl Rubm, Professor, Stajift^rfi^y^Ye^sftjy, .j^^ij v, Yii<n3vinU ,n\AoA Hynpii 
.5^4^raduate Faculty Program;^, n, ,, ^,n ..ii,rnm-j8 Ajm.^?.-.^ aHj basineaio .tin 

-m.. - 1 l^^-^'^^l Gorotf, Professor/ I^ai;Y^^^rvjyei^^(;i^„„'j .H:><:ii5H onia?iirl3 :mcisr,iq 
,I^;^etgraduate Program: ,^,^-j.^,l,.^,,,,i J ,„,;,,„ <i:< rtiJmoa?. A'/WV^n'-'^l^Aknoiiinicl 
.ybijjd !-. .Wilhap Bar^er„p,i;9^e^o^,^^f^9/p/:9,%^„ .„^Q b.^y^a-rumtJumiPAc ?3lcim»/3 
-HiuoS l<,fV?&^''.^OTe,vMe,^f,W?ty'J?,'r^lEiD /TBm.iinS.wH line ^sii"aniJ\o non>i\cw3 

The research topic for the summer of 2004 will be Geomevnc Comhinaioria, organized by 
B^rnd Sturmfels, University of California at Berkley; Ezra, MiUear.Uniyersity oiMin,- 
.^fi^ffilW>4 V^ct9p,Re)nfr,;yn/i^^^ qf ^linnesc^C^^^ 'J, ,.^^^„' ,^;^ '^^^ 


Institute for advanced study 


The tenth annual Program for Women in Mathematics was held at the Institute tor 
Advanced Study from May 12-22, 2003. The area ot research was mathematical hiology. 
The program, sponsored by the Institute for Advanced Study and Princeton University, is 
designed to bring women students in contact with postdoctoral scholars and active profes- 
sional mathematicians, and to encourage women to further their mathematics education by 
offering deep mathematical content as well as extensive mentoring opportunities. The pro- 
gram consists of lectures, seminars, working problem groups, and mentoring and network- 
ing sessions. Students and mentors take part in the life of the Institute and have the oppor- 
tunity to meet other mathematicians in residence here and at Princeton University. 

Tandy Wamow, University of Texas at Austin, and Dorothy Buck, Brown University, 
taught the undergraduate course. Topics discussed in Professor Wamow's course includ- 
ed an introduction to mathematical phylogenetics; comparing trees - distances, consen- 
sus, and agreement methods; stochastic models of evolution and the performance of 
simple tree reconstruction methods; and perfect phytogenies, triangulating colored 
graphs, and evolutionary trees. Professor Buck's course focused on modeling interesting 
phenomena in molecular biology or chemistry using topological tools. 

Lisa Fauci, Tulane University, and Naomi Leonard, Princeton University, gave the gradu- 
ate course. The primary goal of Professor Fauci's lectures was to make students aware of 
how different areas of mathematics are directly applicable to problems in biology and phys- 
iology, and to introduce them to open problems that could he the subject of graduate 
research projects. Professor Leonard presented a collection of results from nonlinear con- 
trol theory: stability and robustness analysis, controllability and control design, geometric 
approaches, and illustrated their application to understanding and emulating the behavior 
of individual animals and animal groups. She emphasized the range of mathematics used in 
control theory and the ubiquity of control in biology and biology- inspired robotics. In 
addition to program participants, both the undergraduate and graduate courses had a num- 
ber of attendees from the Institute for Advanced Study and from Princeton University as 
well as other institutions in the area. A daily schedule was posted on the website. 

Karen Uhlenbeck, University of Texas at Austin, led the Women-in-Science Seminar 
assisted by Michelle Swenson, University of Texas at Austin. A session on "Balancing 
Career and Family," was led by a panel consisting of Cynthia Curtis, The College of New 
Jersey, Antonella Grassi, University of Pennsylvania, Nancy Hingston, The College of 
New Jersey, and Susan Szczepanski, Lehigh University. 

Brynja Kohler, University of Utah, and Cymra Haskell, University of Southern Califor- 
nia, organized the Research Seminars. The following seminars were presented during the 
program: Christine Heitsch, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Computational and Com- 
binatorial Aspects o/RNA Secondary Structures; Genetha Gray, Sandia National Labs, Two 
Examples of Simulation-Based Optimization; Martin Nowak, Institute for Advanced Study, 
Evolution of Language and Evolutionary Game Theory; Florence Lin, University of South- 
em California, Touiards applications of geometric mechanics to biological macromolecules; 
Katherine Kirkwood, Sweet Briar College, Blood glucose fluctuation characteristics in type I 
vs. type 2 diabetes mellitus; Rachel Ward, University of Texas at Austin, Finding minimal 
length paths subject to curvature constraint; Lara Baumann, UCLA School of Medicine, 


Program for Women in Mathematics 

Starisrical generics; Fran:iska Michor, Harvard University, and Yoh Iwasa, Institute for 
Advanced Study and Kyushu University, Somatic Evolmon of Cancer; Angela Gallegos, 
University oi California at Davis, Myxococcus xanthus: How fast do they moi'c.'; Gerusa 
Araujo, Laboratorio Nacional de Computacao Cientitica, Modeling o/ Flagellar Morilit^i via 
Geometric Mec/wnics iinJ Bactenal FlagelLir Motor, and Adriana Dawes, University of 
British Columbia, Touards a model of cell motilit\. 

Princeton University professors Alice Chang and Ingrid Daubechies and graduate student 
Cynthia Rudin planned a special day of lectures and other activities at Princeton Uni- 
versity on Monday, May 19. The day ended with a panel discussion arranged by the Noe- 
therian Ring, followed by a reception and dinner. 

Program for Women in Mathematics Organizing Committee 

The Women's Program Committee assists in planning and promoting the program and 
recruiting lecturers and participants. The program was organized by Karen Uhlenbeck, 
the Sid W. Richardson Foundation Regents' Chair in Mathematics at the University of 
Texas at Austin, and Mar\' Pugh, Professor of Mathematics, University of Toronto. Com- 
mittee members include: Ranee Br>linski, Br^'linski Research; Alice Chang, Princeton 
University; Ingrid Daubechies, Princeton University; Joan Feigenbaum, Yale University; 
Antonella Grassi, University of Pennsylvania; Nancy Hingston, The College of New 
Jersey; Rhonda Hughes, Bryn MawT College; Robert MacPherson, Institute for Advanced 
Study; C>'nthia Rudin, Graduate Student, Princeton University; Janet Talvacchia, 
Swarthmore College; and Lisa Traynor, Bryn Mawr College. 

10th Anniversary Reunion Celebration 

This year marked the 10th Anniversary- of the Program for Women in Mathematics at the 
Institute for Advanced Study. To celebrate the occasion, all past participants were invited 
to the Institute May 16-18, for a weekend of talks, research poster sessions, panels and 
social activities. Over the past ten years, hundreds of young women have participated in 
the program and gone on to successful and rewarding careers in mathematics. The field is 
enriched by their presence. The following is the schedule for the reunion weekend; 

Friday, May 16 

5:00 p.m. Philip Holmes, Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 

Princeton University 

Optimal decisions in the brain: From neural oscillators to stochastic 

differential equations 

Wolfensohn Hall 
6:30 p.m. Reception and Dinner 

Saturday, May 17 

9:30 a.m. Research Poster Session (organized by Cynthia Rudin, Princeton 

University graduate student and member of the Program Committee) 

Dil worth Room 
1 1:00 a.m. Phillip A. Griffiths, Director, Institute for Advanced Study 

A simple classical question that leads unavoidably to a 'post-modem' 

mat/iemarical object 

Simonyi Hall Seminar Room 


Institute for advanced study -i4 

1:30 p.m. Tamar Friedmann, Princeton University (Mathematical Physics) iyjiVentaZ 
From Kaluza-Kkin to M-theory: on dualities ai\d unification LA 

Simonyi Hall Seminar Room i -j 

3:00 p.m. Research Poster Session lA 

Dilworth Room iJ 

4:00 p.m. Sema Salur, Northwestern University (Geometry) ■ /i.-ijn3 

Calibrated Geometries and Mirror S\mmetr\ 

Simonyi Hall Seminar Room ■■•^^ <.iu]-j'jn'nH 

6:30 p.m. Barbecue supper nthuH fiiAin^D 

7:30 p.m. Panel Discussion .; ." ' '. ./i.ijrioM no yiiiitjv 

.Vji . wollfil ,9fii)l ntiiarli 

Sunday, May 18 

9:00 a.m. Amber Puha, Galifomia State University at San Marcos- (Pr6babillicyi)iyf'in 
Fluid and Diffusion Approximations far a Heavily Loaded Processor ' liT 

Sharing Queue • •'' 

Simonyi Hall Seminar Room f i 

10:30 a.m. Rachel Pries, Columbia University (Arithmetic Algebraic Geometry) 'F 
Symmetries of Equations: history, applications , and Gabis covers of curves inii^ 
characteristic p i ' J 

/' .. Simonyi Hall Seminar Room - . - ■ ;i - : ;! .mi.hjiA 

ijj-ji liuuH r:Uiofl>i :('ji'.Tj[ 

We are grateful to the senior women mathematicians who have given their time and tak 
ent to this program over the past ten years and to the young women it serves. Members 
of the Program Committee, organizers, and lecturers all have served for many years and 
without compensation. The program would not have been possible without the com- 
mitment of these dedicated leaders and, in particular, Karen Uhlenbeck, the program 
founder, and Chuu-Lian Temg, her longtime collaborator and cO'Organizer of many years. 
Many talented young women entered mathematics or persevered in the field because of 
the encouragement and support of Karen and Chuu-Lian and countless other senior 

womem.'" ; ■ ''■'■-■ '■■ -■ ■ n. m, ,,;.,., ,,| ,,,, 

■Ajrrrj-j-rif noinijii jrh lol alul -fit vd \)':)r\onnii 

We are grateful to the Friends of the Institute for Advanced Study and to the Starr Foun- 
dation for their generous support of the Program for Women in Mathematics: ■'■ .n:l>svi 

..'- !: r-M iwii ,- jiMi- 'I i -..'Ml 1 .ill.q OG:C 

(iii^TjvifiU n'iJ3jni:'] 

•niiiu.jni'j lsMiir:.Tjrtil.' 
Pilot Year 2002 ' • V 

Under the auspices of the School of Natural Sciences, the Institute for Advanced Study 
offered its first orientation and mentoring program for graduate students interested in 
theoretical physics. The program, "Introduction to String Theory," took place July 142, 
2002. It was designed to provide the students with information on the latest advances 
and open questions in the field, the techniques required, and the most likely scenario for 
future research directions. '" •' ■ ■ iiir/mii 

.^.n< 1 .^.rliiilnU .A qillidi .m.b 00: 1 1 
The program drew 90 regular participants and 30 registered auditors, as'well as many 
graduate students, post-docs, and faculty from Princeton University and other nearby 
institutions. The students came from 50 different U.S. institutions, and from South 
Korea, India, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, and England. The participation of wonic-n, iiiinori- 


Prospects in Theoretii:al Physics 

ties, and students from institutions that do not have extensive programs in theorecural 
physics, or access to research universities, w;is especially encouraged. 

Members ot the OTijanicinn committee were C^ihiara R. Nappi, Princeton University; Cur- 
tis G. CalLin, Princeton University; Louise A. l\>lan, Unive^^ity of North Carolinai 
Chapel Hill; Juan Maldacena, Institute for Advanced Study; Leopoldo Pando Zayas, UniJ 
versity <'>f Michigan; and Alfred Shapere^ University of Kentucky. Among the local 
physicists who presented lectures were Steven Gubser, Igor Klehanov, and Paul Stein- 
hardt of Princeton University, and Juan Maldacena, Nathan Seiherg, and Edward Witten 
of the Institute for Advanced Study. Other lecturers were Mirjani Cvetic, University of 
Pennsylvania; S. J. Gates, University of Maryland; Bnan Greene, Columbia University; 
Clifford v. Johnson, University of Durham; Sheldon Katr, University of Illinois; Sunil 
Muhki, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research; Amanda W. Peet, University of Toron- 
to; Leopoldo Pando Zayas, University ai Michigan; Eva Silverstein, Stanford Universiry; 
and Scott Thomasi also from Stanford University. 

The scientific program was comprised of six hours of daily lectures augmented by evening 
discussion groups, allowing time for questions and more in-depth explorations of the con- 
cepts presented in the lectures. There was a mosaic of basic and advanced talks, to meet 
the needs of a varied student body. Areas related to string theory, such as particle phe- 
nomenology and cosmology, were also addressed in a detailed and substantive way. in 
addition to the formal activities, registered participants were invited to join the lecturers 
for informal discussion and interaction over lunch. 

Prospects in Theoretical Physics is one of the first outreach activities the Institute for 
Advanced Study has created specifically for graduate students. Because of its strength as 
a center for research in theoretical physics, the Institute is uniquely piositioned to con- 
tribute to efforts to attract and retain this next generation of young physicists, thereby 
providing an important service to the field of theoretical physics. The 2002 program was 
made possible with support from the J. Seward Johnson, Sr. Charitable Trusts and the 
Friends of the Institute for Advanced Study. 

Second Year 2003 

The 2003 Prospects in Theoretical Physics program, "Cosmology, Particles, and Strings," 
was held on the Institute for Advanced Study campus June 30-July 11. The program was 
designed for advanced physics graduate students interested in cosmology as well as for 
astrophysics graduate students interested in particle physics. Particular emphasis was put 
on questions and problems that the disciplines of physics and astrophysics can coopera- 
tively address. 

The PiTP 2003 organizing committee was chaired by Chiara R. Nappi, Princeton Uni- 
versity, and included John N. Bahcall, Institute for Advanced Study and Princeton Uni- 
versity professors Neta Bahcall, David N. Spergel, and Paul J. Steinhardt. As in 2002, 
the organizers encouraged the participation of women, minorities, and students from 
institutions with smaller programs in astrophysics and particle physics. 

More than 100 young physicists attended PiTP 2003 and lived in the Institute's housing 
complex during the two-week program. Daily commuters included 30 students from 


Institute for advanced study 

Princeton University as well as many students, post-docs and faculty members from 
Rutgers University', University of Pennsylvania, and other nearby institutions. 

Lecturers included members ot the organizing committee as well as Juan Maldacena and 
Edward Witten of the Institute for Advanced Study; Steve Gubser, Peter D. Meyers, 
Bohdan Pac:ynski, Lyman A. Page, Jr., Phillip James E. Peebles, Uros Seljak, Thomas A. 
Shutt, Suzanne T. Staggs, Michael A. Strauss, Licia Verde and Herman Verlinde of 
Princeton University; Stephen Boughn, Haverford College; Arthur Kosowsky, Rutgers 
University; Arlie O. Petters, Duke University; Paul G. Langacker, University of Pennsyl- 
vania; and Neil Turok, Cambridge University. In addition, Neil deCrasse Tyson, direc- 
tor of the Rose Research Center of the Hayden Planetarium in New York City, hosted a 
session at the planetarium on July 4. 

The scientific program was intense with five hours of lectures each day. The goal was to 
expose the students to as many techniques and ideas as possible, and to do this in a 
detailed and substantive way so that they would emerge from this program with some 
concrete learning. The emphasis was on cosmology, and only topics in particle phenom- 
enology and string theory were covered that were of relevance to astrophysics and cos- 
mology. The emphasis was on the interplay between these fields. 

On July 10, participants went to Princeton University for a day of lectures and activities 
sponsored by the physics and astrophysics departments. In the morning, there were talks 
by experimental cosmologists presenting the latest discoveries in the cosmic microwave 
background WMAP data followed by lunch in the physics department. The students vis- 
ited the labs of the gravity group and then went to the astrophysics department for talks 
on neutrinos (including solar neutrinos), and dark matter searches. The day at Prince- 
ton University stressed the important role of experiments in theoretical physics, and it 
exemplified that PiTP is, in many respects, a joint effort between the Institute for 
Advanced Study and Princeton University. 

Prospects in Theoretical Physics 2003 was supported by The Concordia Foundation, the 
J. Seward Johnson, Sr. Charitable Trusts, the National Science Foundation and the 
Friends of the Institute for Advanced Study. 




' y participation in PCM! has profoundly 
changed my classroom teaching. At PCM J, 
I was asked to leam new mathematics 
and explore information 1 did not already know 
or understand, hiamely, I was asked to truly become 
a mathematics student again, and that 
has made me a better teacher. " 

— Participant, PCM I Summer Session 

Participants in the fmntute for Advanced Study's Program /or Womer\ m Mathematics included (from left) Tanya Cofer, 

Uni\>ersity of Georgia. Maryiea Ryan. Smith College, lecturer Dusa McDuff, State University of New York at Stony Brook and 

Imtimte for Advanced Study Member 1976-77 and 2001-02; and Olguta Buse. State University of New York at Stony Brook. Dusa 

McDu^and Olguta Buse were dso participants in tlie Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Mathematics Institute (PCM/) 



-Haw /-jjij Ji j«ii J, THELIBRARIES 

The Historical Studies-Social Science Library (Marcia Tucker, Librarian) contains some 
100,000 volumes and has subsctiptions to about 1,000 journals. The library is strongest 
in classical studies, ancient history, and archaeoU^KV. but it contains basic document 
collections, reterence works, and important secimdary works ot scholarship in most tields 
ot historv and the social sciences. The journal collection is extensive, and tairly complete 
back runs exist to the founding ot the Institute. The library' has occupied its present 
building since 1%4. 

The Institute's rare book collection, the gitt ot Lessin^ J. Rosenwald, consists of about 
2,000 volumes on the history of science and was compiled by Herbert M. Evans in the 
1930s. The coHection, which is housed in a special room, includes numerous first 
editions of important scientific works in mathematics, astronomy, physics, and the life 

The library has an extensive collection of offprints including those received by Professors 
Andrew E.Z. Alfoldi, Kurt Godel, Ernst H. Kantorowicz, Elias Avery Lowe, Millard 
Meiss, Envin Panofsky, and former Members Robert Huygens and Walther Kirchner. 

The microfilm collections of the library include a large selection from Manuscripta, a 
collection of several thousand fifteenth- to nineteenth-century printed books from the 
Vatican Library. The Bavarian Academy has given the Institute a microfilm copy of slips 
presented for the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae. The library has microfilm copies of the 
papers of both Kurt Godel and Simone Weil. 

The Historical Studies-Social Science Library houses the Institute archives. The papers 
in the collection date from the 1930s and include official correspondence of the 
Director's Office, minutes of meetings of the Faculty and the Board of Trustees, miscella- 
neous correspondence concerning past Faculty members, records of the Electronic Com- 
puter Project, and other documents. The archives also include the Institute's photograph 

The Mathematics-Natural Sciences Library (Momota Ganguli, Librarian) is located on 
the second floor of Fuld Hall and contains some 30,000 volumes (bound periodicals and 
monographs) plus subscriptions to nearly 180 journals. Its collection of older periodicals 
is housed in compact shelving on the lower level of the Historical Studies-Social Science 
Library. The subject areas covered by the library are pure and applied mathematics, astro- 
physics, and theoretical, particle, and mathematical physics. 

Both of the Institute's libraries participate in the shared cataloging system of the Research 
Libraries Group, which gives Institute scholars computerized access to a database that 
contains more than twenty-two million records. Searches of this database retrieve bibli- 
ographic information and identify the location of materials in all participating libraries. 


Institute for advanced study 

Access to electronically-cataloged titles is available via Hori:on, the Institute's web- 
accessible online catalog. TTie Institute's libraries are participants in the JSTOR project, 
which makes available archival electronic versions of many core journals in mathemat- 
ics and the humanities. 

The Historical Studies-Social Science Library maintains a computer center with access 
to a variety of word processing packages for both PCs and Macintoshes, access to data- 
bases in the fields of Classical Studies, the History of Science, Islamic and French stud- 
ies, and connection software to the Internet for additional information resources. The 
Mathematics-Natural Sciences Library's electronic resources include an online catalog, a 
variety of indexes, and a growing collection of full-text journals. 

All scholars affiliated with the Institute enjoy the same privileges as Princeton Universi- 
ty faculty in the Harvey S. Firestone Memorial Library and the nineteen special-subject 
libraries in the Princeton University Library system and also in the Robert E. Speer 
Library of the Princeton Theological Seminary. 

The librarians and the faculties of all four Schools at the Institute warmly appreciate gifts 
of books and articles from former and current Members of the Institute. 



very much enjoyed conversations with the Institute's 
Faculty, and I am very thankful for their critical 
engagement with the various works 1 am completing. 
The Institute's material and human environment is the most 

coruiucive to intellectual work.... This has been the most 

intellectually invigorating and productive year of my academic 

career. Thank you for this possibility." 

— Member, School of Social Science 


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;■: .';! ;i'.)i --:ja"!' -r.ivi ! ' - 
The Boart o f T fa st ees. 

Institute for Advanced Study - 
-^ •'-Louis Bamberger and Mrs. Felix Fuki Foiiiid;ition 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheet ot Institute for Advanced Study - 
Louis Bamberger and Mrs. Felix Fuld Foundation (the "Institute") as of June 30, 2003, 
^nd the related statements oi activities and cash flows for the year then ended. These 
financial statements are the responsibility o( the Institute's managemetit. Our re.sponsi- 
biliry is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. The prior 
year's summarized comparative information has been derived from the Institute's June 30, 
2002 financial statements, and in our report dated October 3, 2002, we expressed an 
unqualified opinion on those financial statements. 

We conducted our audit in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the 
United States of America. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to 
obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material 
misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the 
.amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the 
accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as 
evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit pro- 
vides a reasonable basis for our opinion. 

In our opinion, such financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the finan- 
cial position of the Institute at June 30, 2003, and the changes in its net assets and its 
Trash flows for the year ended June 30, 2003, in conformity with accounting principles 
generally accepted in the United States of America 


October 13, 2003 
Parsippany, New Jersey 


Institute for advanced study 





Held by Trustee 












$ 3,315,416 



















TOTAL ASSETS $432,732,740 $ 426,830,934 

See notes lo financial statements. 





AND Ace:RUEn expenses 






Total liabilities 


Temporarily restricted 
Permanently restricted 

Total net assets 


$ 10,163,108 

$ 9.^90.712 





















$ 432,732,740 

$ 426,830,934 


Institute for advanced study 




Private contributions and grants $ 3,200,220 

Government grants 

Income on long-term investments 4,515,877 

Net reali:ed and unrealized gains and 

on long-term investments (includes 

$5,849,647 and $3,975,096 in unrealized gains 

in 2003 and 2002, respectively) 1 5,91 5,965 

Gain on sale of capital assets 257,503 

Net assets released from restrictions - satisfaction ot 

program restrictions 17,230,705 

Total revenues, gains and other support 41,120,270 

School of Mathematics 
School of Natural Sciences 
School of Historical Studies 
School of Social Science 
Libraries and other academic expenses 
Administration and general 
Auxiliary activity - tenants' housing expenses, 
net of unrestricted revenue $237,481 

Total expenses 









See notes to financial statements 





RESTRK^TED 2003 2002 

$ 1.477,323 $ 9,355,202 $ 13,230,843 

4,231,644 4,026,663 

6,880,409 5,010,670 

23.524.861 9,432,806 

257,503 338,886 

1.477.323 44,249,619 32.039.868 

7,147,007 6.827,460 

6,244,583 5,977.443 

5,187,322 5,134.357 

3,088,458 2,817,533 

5,997,577 5,309,645 

7,513,762 6,740.493 

412.360 377,609 

35.591.069 33.184,540 

1,477.323 8,658.550 (1,144,672) 

44.185.569 356.299.495 357.444.167 

$45,662,892 $ 364,958,045 $356,299.495 


Institute for advanced study 



Change in net assets 
Adjustments to reconcile change in net assets to 

net cash used in operating activities: 


Gain on sale of capital assets 

Contributitms restricted for long-term investments 

Net realized and unrealized gains on long-term 


Amortization of debt issuance expense 

Amortization of bond discount 
Changes in assets/liabilities: 

(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable, and 

grants and contracts receivable 

Decrease (increase) in accrued investment income 

Increase in prepaid and other assets 

Decrease (increase) in contributions receivable 

Increase in accounts payable 

(Decrease) increase in refundable advances 

Decrease in accrued management fees 

Net cash used in operating activities 

Proceeds from sale of capital assets 
Purchase of capital assets 
Proceeds from sale of investments 
Purchase of investments 

Net cash provided by 
investing activities 

Proceeds from contributions restricted for: 
Investment in endowment 
Investment in plant 

Other financing activities: 
Decrease in liabilities under split-interest agreements 
Repayment of long-term debt 
Repayments of note payable 
Decrease in investments held by trustee 

Net cash provided by financing activities 

Interest paid 



$ 8,658,550 














































, (385,896) 
















$ 427,017 

$ 3,315,416 

$ 2,956,387 

$ 2.585.278 

See nores to financial statements. 




The Institute tor AJvaiiceil Stiuiy (die "Institute"), an independent, private institution 
devoted to the encouragement, support and patronage ot learning, was founded in W30 as 
a community ot scholars where intellectual inquiry could he carried out in the most favor- 
able circumstances. 

Focused on mathematics and classical studies at the outset, the Institute today consists of 
the School of Historical Studies, the School of Mathematics, the School of Natural Sci- 
ences and the School oi Social Science. Each school has a small permanent faculty, and 
some 190 fellowships are awarded annually to visiting members from other research insti- 
tutions and universities throughout the world. 

The objectives of the Institute were described as follows in the Founders' original letter to 
the first Trustees: "The primary purpose is the pursuit ot advanced learning and explo- 
ration in fields of pure science and high scholarship to the utmost degree that the facilities 
of the institution and the ability of the faculty and students will permit." 

Basis o/ Presentation - The accompanying financial statements are prepared on the accru- 
al basis and are presented in accordance with recommendations contained in Not-for- 
Profit Organizations issued by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. 

The reporting of contributions and pledges distinguishes between contributions received 
that increase permanently restricted net assets, temporarily restricted net assets, and unre- 
stricted net assets. Recognition of the expiration of donor-imposed restrictions occurs in 
the period in which the restrictions expired. 

Net assets and revenue, gains and losses are classified based on the existence or absence of 
donor-imposed restrictions. Amounts for each of the three classes of net assets - perma- 
nently restricted, temporarily restricted and unrestricted - are displayed in the statement of 

Fund Accounting - The accounts of the Institute are maintained in accordance with the 
principles of "fund accounting." This is the procedure by which resources for various pur- 
poses are classified for accounting purposes into funds that are in accordance with activi- 
ties or objectives specified. Separate accounts are maintained for each fund. 

True endowment funds are subject to the restrictions of the gift instruments, which require 
that the principal be invested in perpetuity; only income earned and gained on such funds 
may be utilized. Quasi-endowment funds have been established by the governing board to 
function as endowment funds and any portion of these funds may be expended. Unre- 
stricted quasi-endowment funds have no external restrictions. However, certain of these 
funds have been internally designated to support specific needs of the Institute. 

All gains and losses arising from the sale, collection, or other disposition of investments 
and other noncash assets are accounted for in the fund that owned such assets. Ordinary 


Institute for advanced study 

income earned on investments and receivables is generally accounted for in the fund own- 
ing such assets. However, unrestricted income earned on investments of endowment and 
similar funds is accounted for as revenue in unrestricted operating funds, and restricted 
income is accounted for as deferred restricted revenue until used in accordance with the 
terms of the restriction or transferred to endowment and similar funds. 

Restricted Net Assets - The Institute has classified gifts of cash and other assets as restrict- 
ed net assets, if they are received with donor specifications, as either temporarily restrict- 
ed or permanently restricted net assets. Temporarily restricted net assets are amounts that 
have been restricted in purpose and/or time by donor specification. Permanently restricted 
net assets have resulted from donors' specifications that contributions be invested in per- 
petuity and that, generally, only the income generated on such amounts be used. When a 
donor restriction expires, that is, when a stipulated time restriction ends or purpose restric- 
tion is accomplished, temporarily restricted net assets are reclassified to unrestricted net 
assets and reported in the statement of activities as net assets released from restrictions. 

Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally 
accepted accounting principals requires management to make estimates and assumptions 
that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets 
and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Estimates also affect the reported 
amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ 
from those estimates. 

Cosh and Cash Equivalents - The Institute considers all highly liquid short-term invest- 
ments purchased with an original maturity of less than three months to be cash equiva- 
lents. The Institute maintains demand deposits with major banks, the majority of which 
are held in one bank. 

Contributions Receivable -The Institute records unconditional promises to give (pledges) 
at the fair value on the date received. The Institute's policy regarding the recording of 
promises to give is to include all promises received during the last five years as pledges 
receivable. A reserve for uncollectible promises is recorded to reduce the total pledge 
amount to its realizable value. Pledges are recorded at the present value of their expected 
future cash flows, net of allowance for doubtful accounts. The discount rates used for 
multi-year pledges are based on treasury bond rates which, commensurate to the term that 
the pledges are due. The discount rates range from 1.09% to 5.65%. Amortization of the 
discount is included in gifts and donation revenue. 

Investments - All short-term investments and investments in marketable debt securities 
are reported in the financial statements at fair value, based upon quoted market price. 
Investments in limited partnerships are accounted for under a modified equity method 
whereby the Institute recognizes its proportionate share of ordinary income/expenses and 
net realized gains/losses attributable to the investments of the partnerships. Investments in 
hedge and offshore funds (the "Funds") are accounted for at the lower of cost or market 
value. Fair value for these investments is determined as the number of shares held by Insti- 
tute multiplied by the net asset value for such shares. Net asset value, as determined by the 
Funds, reflects the underlying assets held by the Funds and any investment gain or loss. 

The statement of activities recognizes unrealized gains and losses on investments as 
increases and decreases, respectively, in unrestricted net assets unless their use is tem- 



porarily or permanently restricted by explicit donor stipulation. Purchase and sale trans- 
actions are recorded on a settlement date basis. Gains and losses on the sale of investment 
securities are calculated using the specific identification methixl. 

The Institute regularly offers first and second mortgages to full-time faculty, administrative 
employees, and resident scholars who have met certain requirements stipulated hy the 

Plant Assets and Depreciation - Proceeds from the sale of plant assets, if unrestricted, are 
transferred to operating funds, or, if restricted, to amounts temporarily restricted for plant 

Depreciation is provided over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets on a 
straight-line basis (buildings and capital improvements 20-40 years, equipment 3-6 years). 

Refundable Advances - Conditional amounts are recorded initially as deferred restricted 
revenue, and are reported as revenues when expended in accordance with the terms of the 
condition or transferred to the quasi-endowment funds. 

Split Interest Agreements - The Institute is the beneficiary oi various unitrusts and pooled 
income funds. The Institute's interest in these split interest agreements is reported as a 
contribution in the year received and is calculated as the difference between the fair value 
of the assets contributed to the Institute, and the estimated liability to the beneficiary. This 
liability is computed using actuarially determined rates and is adjusted annually. The assets 
held by the Institute under these arrangements are recorded at fair value as determined by 
quoted market price and are included as a component of investments. 

Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs - Debt issuance costs represent costs incurred in con- 
nection with debt financing. Amortization of these costs is provided on the effective inter- 
est method extending over the remaining term of the applicable indebtedness. Deferred 
financing costs at June 30, 2003 were net of accumulated amortization ot $285,141. 

Tax Status - The Institute is exempt from Federal income taxes pursuant to Section 
501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and is listed in the Internal Revenue Service Pub- 
lication 78. 


Unconditional promises to give at June 30, 2003 were as follows: 

Unconditional promises to give: 
Less than one year $ 263,696 

One to five years 406,000 


Discount on promises to give (19,622) 

$ 650,074 


Institute for advanced study 


Endowment and similar fiinds investments at June 30, 2003 are comprised ot the tollowing: 

Short-term investments 

Limited partnerships 

Hedge and offshore funds 

Debt securities 

Mortgages from faculty and staff 

Total pooled investments 





$ 564,133 

$ 564,n3 











Funds invested separately: 

Charitable remainder and pooled income trusts 






The Institute's proportionate share of ordinary expense and net realized gains attributed 
to its limited partnership investmeiits was $1,143,852 and $800,1 13. respectively, for the 
year ended June 30. 2003. 

The Institute's interests in limited partnerships and Funds represent 27% and 28%, 
respectively, 55% collectively of total investments held by the Institute at June 30, 2003. 
TTiese instruments may contain elements of both credit and market risk. Such risks 
include, but are not limited to, limited liquidity, absence of regulator^' oversight, depen- 
dence upon key individuals, emphasis on speculative investments (both derivatives and 
non-marketable investments) and nondisclosure of portfolio composition. 

Substantially all of the assets of endowment and similar funds are pooled with each indi- 
vidual fund subscribing to or disposing of units on the basis of the market value per unit, 
determined on a quarterly basis. 

The following table summarizes the investment return and its classification in the state- 
ment of activities for the year ended June 30, 2003: 

Dividends and interest 

Realized gain on investments 
reported at fair value 

Realized gain on investments 
reported at other than 
fair value 

Total realized gain 

Unrealized gain 

Total realized and 
unrealized gain 


$ 4.515,877 

$ 7,846,494 









$ 6,880,409 








Short-term investments held by trustee represent the balance of the proceeds from the 
1997 and 2001 NJEFA bonds that have not yet been expended for construction purpos- 
es. These funds are beins held in trust by The Bank of New York. Such funds are invest- 
ed in U.S. Government obligations with maturities oi less than one year. At June 30, 
200?, the market value of such securities approximates their carryinjj v.ilue. 

During July 2003, the Institute invested $60,000,000 in four additional ott'shore private 
funds. Funds were obtained through a partial liquidation of the Institute's fixed income 
(debt) portfolio. 


Physical plant and equipment are stated at cost at date of acquisition, less accumulated 
depreciation. Library books, other than rare books, are not capitalized. 
.A summary of plant assets at June 30, 2003 follows: 

Land and improvements $ 1,243,861 

Buildings and improvements 67,779,597 

Equipment 18,583.394 

Rare book collection 203,508 

Joint ownership property 1,521,717 

Total 89,332,078 

Less accumulated depreciation (40,054.106) 

Net book value $49.277,972 

During 1997, the Institute entered into a Deed of Pathway and Conservation Easement 
(the "Easement") whereby the Institute has received $11,794,600 in cash and 
$1,274,196 in contributions receivable at June 30, 1997. in consideration for the sale of 
land development rights for certain Institute properties. The Easement requires that 
those properties, set forth therein, he preserved to the greatest extent possible m their 
existing natural, scenic, open, w^ooded and agricultural state and be protected from uses 
inconsistent therewith. 

Of the $11,794,600 in cash received by the Institute. $5,625,000 represents monies 
received from the New Jersey Green Acres Fund to be repaid by the parties to the Ease- 
ment. The Institute's pro rata share of $921,457 has been recorded as a note payable in 
the accompanying statement of financial position at June 30. 2003. The note payable 
bears interest at a rate of 2% and requires semi-annual payments through January 8, 

The note is payable as follows at June 30, 2003: 

2004 $ 57,647 

2005 58,805 

2006 59,987 

2007 61.193 

2008 62,423 
Through 2017 621,402 
Total note payable $ 921,457 


Institute for advanced study 


A summary' of long-term debt at June 30, 2003 follows: 

Series F &. G 1997 - NJEFA $38,335,000 

Series A 2001 - NJEFA 10,805,000 

Less unamortized bond discount (506,693) 

Total lon^-term debt $48,633,307 

Interest expense on long-term debt for the year ended June 30, 2003 was $2,633,986. 

In November 1997, the Institute received proceeds of the New Jersey Educational Facili- 
ties Authority offering of $16,310,000 Revenue Bonds, 1997 Series F and $26,565,000 
Revenue Bonds, 1997 Series G of the Institute for Advanced Study Issue. A portion of the 
proceeds ($16,969,355) was used to retire the existing Revenue Bonds, 1991 Series. The 
remainder of the proceeds was used for renovations of members housing. In May 2001 , the 
Institute received proceeds of the New Jersey Educational Facilities Authority offering of 
$ 1 1 ,000,000 Revenue Bonds, 2001 Series A of the Institute for Advanced Study issue. Pro- 
ceeds were used for the construction of Bloomberg Hall and additional capital projects. 

The bonds bear interest at rates ranging from 4% to 5%, payable semi-annually, are subject 
to redemption at various prices and require principal payments and sinking fund install- 
ments through July 1, 2031. The obligation to pay the Authority on a periodic basis, in 
the amounts sufficient to cover principal and interest due on the bonds, is a general oblig- 
ation of the Institute. 

The bonds are repayable as follows at June 30, 2003: 

2004 1,515,000 

2005 1,585,000 

2006 1,665,000 

2007 1,745,000 

2008 1,825,000 
Through 2031 40,805,000 
Total $49,140,000 


Separate voluntary defined contribution retirement plans are in effect for faculty members 
and eligible staff personnel, both of which provide for annuities, which are funded, to the 
Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association and/or the College Retirement Equities 
Fund. Contributions are based on the individual participants' compensation in accordance 
with the formula set forth in the plan documents on a nondiscriminatory basis. Contribu- 
tions for the year ended June 30, 2003 totaled approximately $1 ,43 1 ,874. 

In addition to providing pension benefits, the Institute provides certain health care and life 
insurance benefits for retired employees and faculty. Substantially, all of the Institute's 
employees may become eligible for these benefits if they meet minimum age and service 



requirements. The Institute accrues these benefits over ;i pcruKi in winch nctivc cmplovces 
become eligible under existing benetit plans. 

The components of the pcrioJic tor these postrt-tiremcnr bcnctirs tor 200^ are as 

Postretirement Benetit Costs: 
Service Cost - benefits attributable to service cKiriny the year $ 1 15,662 

Interest Cost on Accumulated Postretirement Benefit Obligation 337.323 

Total $ 452,985 

The actuarial and recorded liabilities for these benefits, none of which have been tunded, 
are as follows at June 30, 2003: 

.Accumulated postretirement benetit obligation: 

Retirees $2,681,838 

Fully eligible active plan participants 895,815 

Other acti\e plan participants 1,417,410 

Total $4,995,063 

For measurement purposes, an 1 1.0% trend rate was used for 2001 health care costs, with 
the rate decreasing ratably until the year 2009, and then remaining constant at 5.0% there- 
after. The health care cost trend rate assumption has a significant effect on the amounts 
reported. For example, a 1% increase in the health care trend rate would increase the accu- 
mulated postretirement benefit obligation by approximately $656,000 at June 30, 2003 and 
the net periodic cost by approximately $85,000 for the year. The weighted average discount 
rate used in determining the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation was 7.5%. 


The Institute is the residuary beneficiary of a trust and, upon the death of the life tenant, 
will be entitled to receive the corpus thereof. The approximate market value of the trust's 
assets, as reported by the administrator of the trust, aggregated $3,296,756 as of June 30, 
2003, and is not included in the accompanying financial statements. 


The costs of providing the various programs and other activities have been summarized on 
a functional basis in the statement of activities and cash flows. Accordingly, certain costs 
have been allocated among the programs and supporting services benefited. The net costs 
incurred by the Institute in operating both the Dining Hall ($444,957 net of $783,366 in 
revenues) and members' housing ($1,820,337 net of $1,386,510 in revenues) have been 
allocated among the programs and supporting services benefited. Included in the net costs 
incurred by the Institute that are allocated among the programs is $1,126,680 of deprecia- 
tion expense. An overhead charge is allocated to certain schools generally based upon their 
ability to recover such costs under the terms of various grants and contracts. Overhead 
allocated from administration and general expenses to various programs totaled $4,659,349 
for the year ended June 30, 2003. 


Institute for advanced study 

Interest expense on plant fund debt, net of interest income on short-term investments, is 
allocated to schools based upon their occupancy of academic buildings funded with such 
debt. Allocated interest expense totaled $2,089,619 and allocated interest income totaled 
$38,229 for the year ended June 30, 2003. 

The Institute provides academic services to a community of scholars, including permanent 
faculty and visiting members. Expenses related to providing these services are as follow: 

Expenses incurred were for: 

Salaries, wages, and benefits $18,356,449 

Stipends 6,148,525 

Honoraria 344,258 

Grants to other organizations 287,731 

Supplies and travel 2,588,853 

Services and professional fees 4,083,618 

Depreciation 2,308,318 

Interest 1,473,317 

Total expenses $35,591.069 


Restricted net assets are available for the following purposes at June 30, 2003: 

Temporarily restricted net assets are restricted to: 
Academic Services: 
Educational Programs $78,251,103 

Permanently restricted net assets are restricted to: 
Investments to be held in perpetuity, the income from which is 
expendable to support academic services $45,662,892 

Net assets were released from donor restrictions by incurring expenses satisfying the 
restricted purposes or by occurrence of other events specified by donors. 


The Institute is required by SPAS No. 107, Disclosure About Fair Value of Financial Instru- 
ments, to disclose the estimated fair value of financial instruments, both assets and liabili- 
ties recognized and not recognized in the balance sheet, for which it is practicable to esti- 
mate fair value. 

The estimated fair value amounts in the following disclosure have been determined by the 
Institute using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. 
The estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts the Institute could realize in a 
current market exchange, and the use of different market assumptions or methodologies 
could have a material effect on the estimated fair value amounts. 



June 30, 2003 


Grant/contributions receivable 

Long-term debt 
Note payable 


i 427,017 







$ 427,017 




The fair value oi investments is based on fair market prices. The fair market valuation of 
grant/contributions receivable was estimated based on past cash collection experience. For 
long-term debt, the fair values are estimated using the interest rates currently offered for 
debt with similar terms and remaining maturities. The estimated fair value of mortgages for 
faculty and staff is based upon similar terms at which similar institutions would provide as 
part of an overall compensation package to such individuals. The estimated fair value of the 
note payable is based on the discounted value of the future cash flows expected to be 
received from the note. 

The fair value estimates presented are based on information available to the Institute as of 
June 30, 2003, and have not been revalued since that date. While the Institute is not aware 
of any significant factors that would affect the estimates since that date, current estimates 
of fair value could differ significantly from the amounts disclosed. 


AS36 .179 2002-05 
Institute for Advanced studv 
Princeton, N.J.) Report for 
the academic years...